1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris trifida (Galley) Galley & H.P.Linder

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; culms solitary. Butt sheaths pallid; glossy; glabrous; persistent and investing base of culm. Basal innovations intravaginal. Glands elongated. Culms erect; 8-20 cm long. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheaths puberulous. Leaf-sheath oral hairs lacking. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 0.25 mm long. Leaf-blades filiform; convolute; 2-5 cm long; 0.5-1 mm wide; eglandular. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 15-35 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; ovate; 5-7.5 cm long; 4-6 cm wide. Panicle branches eglandular; glabrous; glabrous in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 4.5-5.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; 0.6-0.8 mm long; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 4.5-5.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; 0.6-0.8 mm long; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 4.5-5.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface puberulous. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 4.5-5.5 mm long; 1.8-2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface puberulous. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2.4-2.8 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface pilose; hairy between veins. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; with lobes 0.5 mm long; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 18-24 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn 5.5 mm long. Lateral lemma awns 6-8 mm long; shorter than principal. Palea 3 mm long.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; veined. Anthers 3; 0.9-1.2 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Galley 2008.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris trifida (Galley) Galley & H.P.Linder appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Galley, C. [577], South Africa Pentaschistis trifida K000719826 isotype

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 97: 336 (2010)

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0