1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris triseta (Thunb.) Galley & H.P.Linder

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Glands elongated. Culms erect; 20-60 cm long; 3-5 -noded. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths hirsute. Leaf-sheath oral hairs bearded. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 8 cm long; 4 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface hirsute. Leaf-blade margins smooth. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 5-15 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; ovate; 7-10 cm long; 3-9 cm wide; bearing few spikelets. Panicle branches bearded in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; glandular; glabrous, or puberulous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension, or with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 15-18 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 2.5 mm long; pubescent; pungent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension, or with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 15-18 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus elongated; 2.5 mm long; pubescent; pungent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; shiny; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 15-18 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume surface pilose; hairy on veins; with tubercle-based hairs. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume elliptic; 15-18 mm long; 2-2.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume surface pilose; hairy on veins; with tubercle-based hairs. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 6-8 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy above. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; acute; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 23-35 mm long overall; with twisted column. Lateral lemma awns arising on inner edge of lobes; 12-17 mm long; shorter than principal. Palea 1 length of lemma. Rhachilla extension 0-0.05 length of fertile floret.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 3.5 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris triseta (Thunb.) Galley & H.P.Linder appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1987 Davidse, G. [33430], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719337
    Jan 1, 1987 Davidse, G. [33416], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719338
    South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000367123
    South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000367126
    South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000367128
    Muir, J. [3488], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719428
    Webster, M.M. [N18], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719373
    Webster, M.M. [N18], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719376
    Webster, M.M. [N65], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719374
    Webster, M.M. [N18a], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719375
    Crook, A.O. [2322], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719383
    Oliver, E.G.H. [3709], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719349
    Oliver, E.G.H. [3709], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719390
    Garside, S. [1133], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719363
    Taylor, H.C. [5586], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719411
    Taylor, H.C. [5394], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719412
    Taylor, H.C. [6031], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719413
    Burchell [6878], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000367121
    Burchell [116], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000367125
    Harvey [330], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000367124
    Harvey [300], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000367127
    Linder, H.P. [5434], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719335
    Linder, H.P. [4325], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719336
    Esterhuysen, E. [29976], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719350
    Esterhuysen, E. [32760], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719351
    Esterhuysen, E. [26749], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719387
    Wright, C. [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719416
    Parker, R.N. [3543], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719426
    Werdermann, E. [303], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719344
    Pearson, H.H.W. [5223], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719365
    Pearson, H.H.W. [5118], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719407
    Zeyher [4536], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000367122
    Zeyher [4535], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000367129
    Zeyher [4545], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000367130
    Zeyher [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000367131
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000367132 Unknown type material
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000367133
    Drege [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000367137
    Drege [3134], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719357
    Rogers, F. A. [17670], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719398
    Acocks, J.P.H. [17279], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719342
    Acocks, J.P.H. [21716], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719378
    Acocks, J.P.H. [17435], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719379
    Acocks, J.P.H. [19988], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719380
    Acocks, J.P.H. [19801], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719381
    Acocks, J.P.H. [23150], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719388
    Mund [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000367136
    Adamson, R.S. [3277], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719382
    Compton, R.H. [22981], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719377
    Wolley-Dod, A.H. [1822], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719358
    Wolley-Dod, A.H. [1515], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719404
    Wolley-Dod, A.H. [407], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719405
    Wolley-Dod, A.H. [2254], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719406
    Ecklon, U.J. [938], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000367134
    Ecklon, U.J. [939], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000367135
    Liebenberg, L.C.C. [6685], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719372
    Liebenberg, L.C.C. [8329], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719394
    Liebenberg, L.C.C. [8329], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719396
    Wilman, M. [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719425
    Duthie [1963], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719339
    Bolus, F. [14680], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719364
    Bolus, F. [14960], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719401
    Milne [242], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719414
    Pillans, N. [1869], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719359
    MacGillivray, J. [397], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719415
    Sandwith, C. [150], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719360
    Sandwith, C. [85], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719361
    Sandwith, C. [149], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719362
    Sandwith, C. [152], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719427
    Boucher, C. [2663], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719389
    Zeyher [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719341
    Zeyher [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719355
    Zeyher [3156], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719367
    Zeyher [3159], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719368
    Zeyher [4978], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719395
    Zeyher [3167], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719399
    Zeyher [3162], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719400
    Orchard, E.R. [303], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719345
    Williams, I. [2932], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719392
    Williams, I. [2932], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719393
    Williams, I. [3146], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719424
    Liebenberg, L.C.C [4330], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719421
    Liebenberg, L.C.C [3809], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719422
    Galpin, N.L. [163], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719391
    Duthie, A. V. [1992], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719402
    Duthie, A. V. [284], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719403
    Cleghorn, W.B. [2497], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719346
    Cleghorn, W.B. [2499], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719347
    Cleghorn, W.B. [2496], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719348
    Schlechter, R. [1607], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719340
    Schlechter, R. [6023], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719430
    s.coll. [9037], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719397
    s.coll. [286], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719417
    s.coll. [85], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719418
    s.coll. [85], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719419
    s.coll. [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719420
    s.coll. [s.n.], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719429
    Rehm, S. [389], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719343
    Rehm, S. [604], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719408
    Rehm, S. [W.G. 1033], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719409
    Rehm, S. [391], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719410
    vanRensburg, W.L.J. [248], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719371
    Kruger, I. [M 2a], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719352
    Kruger, I. [M 241], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719353
    v.d.Merwe, P. [24-61], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719369
    Taylor, H. C. [5449], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719354
    Hees, J.D. [470], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719356
    Druger, F.T. [KR 223], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719366
    Lotter, L. [4], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719370
    v.d.Merwe, C.V. [1129], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719384
    v.d.Merwe, C.V. [1129], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719385
    v.d.Merwe, C. [2559], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719386
    Wasserfal, E. [933], South Africa Pentaschistis triseta K000719423

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 97: 336 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0