1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris veneta (H.P.Linder) Galley & H.P.Linder

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths pallid; glossy; glabrous; persistent and investing base of culm. Glands raised crateriform. Culms 20-40 cm long; 3-6 -noded. Culm-nodes bearded. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths hirsute; with tubercle-based hairs. Leaf-sheath oral hairs bearded. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 10 cm long; 4 mm wide; flaccid; glandular. Leaf-blade surface pilose; hairy adaxially; with simple hairs. Leaf-blade margins glandular; smooth. Leaf-blade apex acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 100 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; ovate; 3-8 cm long; 2-5 cm wide. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 1.5 length of fertile spikelet; glandular; scaberulous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 5-6.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 5-6.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pubescent.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; shiny; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 5-6.5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; glandular; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface smooth, or asperulous. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume elliptic; 5-6.5 mm long; 2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; glandular; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein smooth, or scaberulous. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface smooth, or asperulous. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2.8-3 mm long; membranous; without keel; 5-9 -veined. Lemma surface villous. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; with lobes 0.6 mm long; incised 0.2 of lemma length; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 8-10 mm long overall; with twisted column. Lateral lemma awns arising on inner edge of lobes; 2-3.5 mm long; equalling glumes; shorter than principal. Palea surface glabrous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy; glabrous. Anthers 3; 2-3 mm long; brown.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris veneta (H.P.Linder) Galley & H.P.Linder appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 97: 336 (2010)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0