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  1. Family: Papaveraceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Corydalis DC.
      1. Corydalis magni Pusalkar

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & Central Himalaya to Tibet.

    [KBu]

    Pusalkar, P.K. Kew Bull (2011) 66: 545. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-011-9306-8

    Habit
    Perennial herb, 4 – 15 cm high; rootstock long, slender, taproot-like, 2 – 5 mm thick, crowned by a lax rosette of 2 – 7 leaves and broad sheathing petiole bases of withered basal leaves; stem(s) 1 – 3 (– 5), arising from the axis of basal leaves, simple or branched; basal parts of stem and petioles of basal leaves pale and flexuous
    Leaves
    Foliage bluish-grey or grey, spongy, glaucous, usually horizontally spreading, sometimes suberect or patently spreading; basal leaves long petioled; petiole up to 8 cm long, slender, flexuose, flattened, broadened at base forming broad, ovate to lanceolate, sheathing base; lamina oblong-lanceolate to triangular-ovate, 2 – 6.5 × 1 – 3.5 cm, 3-pinnatisect with crowded segments, 4 – 7-jugate with terminal pinnae; primary pinnae shortly petiolulate, alternate to opposite, oblong-lanceolate to ovate in lower part, suborbicular-ovate in outline in upper part, petiolulate with decurrent lamina margin forming narrow wing; secondary pinnae ovate in outline, subsessile to shortly petiolulate with lamina once or twice deeply pinnatisect; ultimate segments oblanceolate to oblong or elliptic, up to 5 mm long, up to 1.8 mm broad, crowded, fleshy, surface glaucous, apex subacute, purple-tipped Cauline leaves 2 – 4, similar to radical ones, but smaller, narrower and shortly petiolate; lowermost leaves at the middle of stem, often opposite to subopposite; upper leaves (if present) alternate
    Flowers
    Flowers 10 – 14 (– 16) mm long, bluish-grey to white; upper petal hood greenish to greyish-green; apex and dorsal wing often flushed with purple or bluish; upper petal wings bluish-grey to white, purple-margined or not; spur greyish to white; veins deep pink to purple; lower petal similar to upper, but with green, glossy lamina cavity and spreading bluish-grey or white lateral wings; inner petals greyish to white, black-tipped with purple wings
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of terminal, densely 6 – 17 (– 25)-flowered, simple or compound, corymbose raceme, usually overtopping leaves; lateral corymb(s) 2 – 7-flowered, on 2.5 – 5.6 cm long peduncle; bract(s) foliaceous, narrower, sessile to subsessile; bracteoles flabellately segmented into linear segments, 10 – 28 mm, up to 20 mm broad; pedicel slender, suberect to slightly spreading, straight, 10 – 25 mm long, equalling to or exceeding the bracteoles, slightly thickened at the tip; fruiting pedicels hooked at apex
    Calyx
    Sepals 2, triangular-ovate to subcordate-ovate, 0.5 – 1 × 0.5 – 1 mm, white, membranous, margins dentate to fimbriate-dentate, surfaces glabrous
    Corolla
    Lower petal 8 – 10 mm long, deflexed in the middle; base 5 – 6 mm long, not saccate; lamina 3.5 – 4 mm long with central cavity and spreading lateral wings, apex subacute to subobtuse, back dorsally crested with broad hemi-spherical wing Inner petals 7.5 – 10 mm long, coherent at tip; lamina (3.8) 4 – 6 mm long with dorsal wings and clawed base; inner petal base 3 – 4.5 mm long, narrowed towards the base Upper petal 10 – 14 (– 16) mm long; lamina 6.8 – 8.5 (– 10.2) mm long, obliquely erect, apex subacute to obtuse, winged laterally and dorsally; dorsal wing/crest up to 2 mm broad, of nearly uniform width throughout or rounded-subspherical with broadest part on hood, not reaching spur (as long as or shorter than spur or less than ⅓ the length of upper petal or half as long as lamina of upper petal); lateral wings of upper petal broadly auricled; spur (3 –) 3.7 – 5 (– 6) mm long (half as long as inner petals/upper petal lamina OR ⅓ as long as upper petal (including spur)), slightly downcurved, obtuse at apex, nectariferous; nectary internal, linear, ⅔ – ⅘ as long as spur, thin, united with lower wall of spur for most of the length with terminal free ascending portion bearing knob-like head
    Carpels
    Carpels 2, united; ovary elliptic-oblanceolate, 1.8 – 3 mm long; style 2 – 3.5 mm long, terminally upcurved at almost a right angle; stigma quadrate to orbicular-quadrate in outline, 0.7 – 1 × 0.7 – 1.2 mm, with terminal, lateral and basal papillate lobes covered with confluent papillate zones; fruiting stigma without papillae
    Fruits
    Capsule obovoid to broadly oblanceoid, biconvex, 6 – 10 × 1.8 – 3.5 mm, glaucous, with persistent style and stigma; seeds 8 – 10, subbiseriate, black, lenticular, 0.7 – 1 mm in diam., smooth, glossy, with attached caruncle
    Distribution
    China, India, Nepal.
    Ecology
    The species is locally common amidst boulders and on bare scree in lateral glacier moraines; alt. 4000 – 6100 m.
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC).
    Phenology
    Flowering late July – September; fruiting August – September.
    Note
    This species is named as a token of respect to and appreciation of the largest contribution to Himalayan Corydalis made by the leading authority on the genus, Prof. Magnus Lidén, of Uppsala University, Sweden. Two other bluish-grey-flowered species of sect. Latiflorae are Corydalis tsangensisLidén & Z. Y. Su and C. latiflora Hook. f. & Thomson. Of these, C. tsangensis, a Chinese species endemic to ‘Tsang, LogrumPhu’ in Xizang province, is the only bluish-grey-flowered species of the section Latiflorae with the spur as long as inner petals, whereas, an eastern Himalayan species, C. latiflora, which occurs from Nepal eastwards up to Bhutan through Sikkim, is characterised by a large spongy corolla of flowers with dorsal wing extended on spur up to the tip (making flower profile very broad), small spur (nearly ¼) the upper petal) and dorsal wing constricted behind hood (Lidén1989; Zhang et al. 2008).

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Nepal, Tibet, West Himalaya

    Other Data

    Corydalis magni Pusalkar appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 66: 548 (2012)

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin

    • Zhang, M. L., Su, Z. Y. & Lidén, M. (2008). Corydalis DC. In: Z. Y. Wu, P. H. Raven & D. Y. Hong (eds), Flora of China 7 (Menispermaceae through Capparaceae): 295 – 428. Science Press, Beijing & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.Google Scholar
    • McNeill, J., Barrie, F. R., Burdet, H. M., Demoulin, V., Hawksworth, D. L., Marhold, K., Nicholson, D. H., Prado, J., Silva, P. C., Skog, J. E., Wiersema, J. H. & Turland, N. J. (eds) (2006). International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Vienna Code). Regnum Veg. 146. A.R.G. Gantner Verlag KG, Ruggell, Liechtenstein.Google Scholar
    • Press, J. R., Shrestha, K. K. & Sutton, D. A. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal, pp. 228 – 231. Natural History Museum, London.Google Scholar
    • Srivastava, R. C. (1998). Flora of Sikkim (Ranunculaceae to Moringaceae). Orientale Enterprises, Dehradun.Google Scholar
    • Ellis, J. L. & Balakrishnan, N. P. (1993). Corydalis DC. In: B. D. Sharma & N. P. Balakrishnan (eds), Flora of India 2 (Brassicaceae-Caryophyllaceae): 35 – 77. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.Google Scholar
    • Greuter, W., Brummitt, R. K., Farr, E., Kilian, N., Kirk, P. M. & Silva, P. C. (1993). NCU-3 : Names in Current Use for Extant Plant Genera. Koeltz Scientific Books, Königstein.Google Scholar
    • Lidén, M. (1989). Corydalis DC. (Papaveraceae-Fumarioideae) in Nepal. Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 18: 479 – 538.Google Scholar
    • Stainton, A. (1988). Flowers of the Himalaya — A Supplement. Oxford University Press, New Delhi.Google Scholar
    • Long, D. G. (1984). Corydalis Ventenat. In: A. J. C. Grierson & D. G. Long (eds), Flora of Bhutan 1 (2): 384 – 400. Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.Google Scholar
    • Polunin, O. & Stainton, A. (1984). Flowers of the Himalaya. Oxford University Press, New Delhi.Google Scholar
    • Jafri, S. M. H. (1974). Corydalis DC. In: E. Nasir & S. I. Ali (eds), Flora of West Pakistan, 73: 1 – 38. PARC, Islamabad.Google Scholar
    • Wendelbo, P. (1974). Corydalis . In: K. H. Rechinger (ed.), Flora Des IranischenHochlandes Und der UmrahmendenGebirge, 110: 1 – 32. AkademischeDruck-u. Verlagsantalt, Graz.Google Scholar
    • Popov, M. G. (1937). Corydalis Medik. In: V. L. Komarov & B. K. Shishkin (eds), Flora of the USSR, Vol. VII (Ranales & Rhoedales): 649 – 705. Moscow, Leningrad. [English Translation (1985) by Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh publ., Dehradun & Koeltz Scientific Books, vol. 7: 496 – 541].Google Scholar
    • Prain, D. (1896). NoviciaeIndicaeX : Some Additional Fumariaceae. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Part 2, Nat. Hist. 65: 10 – 41.Google Scholar
    • Hooker, J. D. & Thomson, T. (1872). Corydalis DC. In: J. D. Hooker, Flora of British India 1: 121 – 127. L. Reeve & Co., London.Google Scholar
    • Hooker, J. D. & Thomson, T. (1855). Fumariaceae. Flora Indica 1 (Ranunculaceae-Fumariaceae): 258 – 272. W. Pamplin, London.Google Scholar
    • Royle, J. F. (1834). Illustrations of the Botany and other branches of the Natural History of the Himalayan Mountains and of the Flora of Cashmere. London.Google Scholar

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0