1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Oloptum Röser & Hamasha
      1. Oloptum miliaceum (L.) Röser & Hamasha

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Medit. to Iran.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 100-150 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blades flat, or convolute; 15-30 cm long; 5-10 mm wide; coriaceous; stiff. Leaf-blade surface ribbed; scaberulous; rough adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scaberulous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 20-40 cm long. Primary panicle branches 4-8 -nate; whorled at most nodes. Panicle branches scaberulous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 3 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume elliptic; 3 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume elliptic; 3 mm long; 1.2 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; dorsally compressed; 2.5 mm long; coriaceous; dark brown; shiny; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma margins involute; exposing palea. Lemma apex obtuse; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn flexuous; 3-5 mm long overall; deciduous. Palea coriaceous; 2 -veined; without keels.
    Distribution
    Europe: southwestern and southeastern. Africa: north and Macaronesia. Asia-temperate: western Asia and Arabia. Australasia: Australia and New Zealand. Pacific: north-central. North America: northeast USA and southwest . South America: southern South America.
    Reference
    Stipeae. Fl Iran.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Azores, Baleares, Canary Is., Corse, East Aegean Is., Egypt, France, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, Sinai, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Argentina Northeast, Arizona, Austria, California, Chile Central, Chile South, Great Britain, Hawaii, Idaho, Maryland, New Jersey, New South Wales, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Pennsylvania, South Australia, Tasmania, Utah, Victoria, Western Australia

    Oloptum miliaceum (L.) Röser & Hamasha appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Thomas, P. [s.n.], Corse Piptatherum miliaceum K000912818
    Gillett, J.B. [16067], Jordan Oryzopsis miliacea K000315588
    Gillett, J.B. [16094], Jordan Oryzopsis miliacea K000315589
    Karim, F. [2341], Jordan Oryzopsis miliacea K000315586
    Dinsmore, J.E. [10146], Jordan Oryzopsis miliacea K000315590
    Dinsmore, J.E. [10146], Jordan Oryzopsis miliacea K000315591
    Davies, P.H. [9685], Jordan Oryzopsis miliacea K000315587
    Curle, C.M. [20] Oryzopsis miliacea K000315592

    First published in Pl. Syst. Evol. 298: 365 (2012)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Engelmaier, P. & Wilhalm, T. (2018). Alien grasses (Poaceae) in the flora of the Eastern Alps Neilreichia 9: 177-245.
    • Hassler, M. (2012). Flora of Rhodes. Systematic list of flora of Rhodes http://www.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/~db111/flora/rhodos/list.php.
    • Bergmeier, E., Blockeel, T., Böhling, N., Fournaraki, C., Gotsiou, P., Jahn, R., Lansdown, R. & Turland, N. (2011). An inventory of the vascular plants and bryophytes of Gavdopoula island (S Aegean, Greece) and its phytogeographical significance Willdenowia 41: 179-190.
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Snow, N. (2010). A key to Pacific Grasses: 1-107. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Wilson, A. (ed.) (2009). Flora of Australia 44A: 1-410. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/