1. Family: Amaranthaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Chenopodiastrum S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch
      1. Chenopodiastrum murale (L.) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Europe, Medit. to NE. Tropical Africa and Sri Lanka.

    [FTEA]

    Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1954

    Habit
    Annual up to 90 cm. high, upright or spreading, normally much branched, green, rarely red-tinged, mealy especially on young parts but rarely densely so.
    Leaves
    Leaves variable, commonly rhombic-ovate, rarely narrower, about 1.5–9 cm. long and 0.8–5 (–7) cm. wide, without any tendency for especially prominent basal lobes, but with several coarse irregular ascending usually sharp teeth (about 5–15 teeth on each margin, rarely fewer).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorecences leafy, composed of divaricately branched cymes up to 5 cm. long, terminal and from upper axils.
    Flowers
    Flowers greenish, minute, about 1–1.5 mm. in diameter.
    Calyx
    Sepals 5, papillose on margins and outside, each with a blunt raised green keel towards apex only.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5.
    Fruits
    Pericarp very difficult to detach from seed.
    Seeds
    Seeds (Fig. 2/3, p. 3) black, somewhat shining, 1.2–1.5 mm. in diameter, acutely keeled; testa under microscope marked with very close minute rounded pits.
    Habitat
    A weed of crops, old cultivations and pasture land; 1070–1950 m.
    Distribution
    K3 K4 T2 T5
    [FZ]

    Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

    Habit
    Annual up to 90 cm. high, upright or spreading, normally much branched, green, rarely red-tinged, with mealy hairs especially on young parts but rarely densely clothed.
    Leaves
    Leaves variable, commonly rhombic-ovate in outline, rarely narrower, (0.7) 1.5–9 × (0.4) 0.8–5 (7) cm., without any tendency for especially prominent basal lobes, but with several coarse irregular ascending usually sharp teeth (about 5–15 on each margin, rarely fewer).
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences leafy, composed of divericately branching cymes up to 5 cm. long, terminal and from upper and sometimes median axils.
    Flowers
    Flowers greenish, minute, about 1–1.5 mm. in diam.
    Perianth
    Perianth segments 5, papillose on margins and outside, each with a blunt raised green keel towards apex only.
    Stamens
    Stamens 5.
    Seeds
    Pericarp very difficult to detach from seed. Seeds black, somewhat shining, 1.2–1.5 mm. in diam., acutely keeled; testa (seen under microscope) marked with very close minute rounded pits.
    [FWTA]

    Chenopodiaceae, J. P. M. Brenan. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

    Habit
    Annual normally much-branched herb up to 3 ft. high
    Leaves
    Mostly rhombic-ovate leaves
    Flowers
    Minute greenish flowers in divaricately branched leafy cymes.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chad, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, India, Italy, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Panamá, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, Western Sahara, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Alabama, Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Ascension, Bahamas, Bermuda, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, California, Cape Provinces, Chatham Is., Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, Connecticut, Cuba, Delaware, Desventurados Is., District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Florida, Free State, Galápagos, Georgia, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, Indiana, Jamaica, Juan Fernández Is., Kentucky, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Masachusettes, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Missouri, Namibia, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Nicaragua, Niger, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Peru, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Rwanda, Réunion, Saskatchewan, Senegal, South Australia, South Carolina, St.Helena, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Tristan da Cunha, Turks-Caicos Is., Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Chenopodiastrum murale (L.) S.Fuentes, Uotila & Borsch appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Nov 1, 2015 Della, A. [2209], Cyprus K000608117
    Harley, R.M. [24228], Brazil K001204987
    Preston, T.A. [s.n.], Brazil K001204986
    Moraes, J.C. [s.n.], Brazil K001204978
    Silva, L.A.M. [2311], Brazil K001204988
    Riedel [s.n.], Brazil K001204984
    Saint-Hilaire, A. [C2/1852], Brazil K001204982
    Gardner [5589], Brazil K001204981
    Burchell [1195], Brazil K001204979
    Glaziou [1878], Brazil K001204983
    Glaziou [4179], Brazil K001204985
    Hellen, B. [s.n.] K001204980
    South Africa Chenopodium murale K000243864 Unknown type material
    Duffey, E. A. G. [304], St.Helena Chenopodium murale K000195670
    Cope, T.A. [RBG 472], Great Britain Chenopodium murale K000914043
    Sheahan, M.C. [MCS322], United Kingdom Chenopodium murale K000696753
    Sheahan, M-C. [MCS283], United Kingdom Chenopodium murale K000696389
    Jan 1, 1975 Hooker, J.D. [868], Tasmania Rhagodia baccata var. congesta K000898385
    s.coll. [s.n.], Australia Rhagodia baccata var. congesta K000898384 Unknown type material

    First published in Willdenowia 42: 14 (2012)

    Accepted by

    • Gilman, A.V. (2015). New flora of Vermont Memoirs of the New York Botanical Garden 110: 1-614.
    • Sukhorukov, A.P. & Kushunina, M. (2014). Taxonomic revision of Chenopodiaceae in Nepal Phytotaxa 191: 10-44.
    • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
    • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.

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    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0