1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pentameris P.Beauv.
      1. Pentameris ellisii H.P.Linder

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Western Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths light brown; glabrous. Basal innovations intravaginal. Glands wart-like. Culms erect; 40-60 cm long; 8 -noded. Culm-internodes distally glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheaths outer margin hairy. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 0.2-0.5 mm long. Leaf-blades convolute; 5-15 cm long; 0.5-0.7 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface hirsute; sparsely hairy. Leaf-blade apex abruptly acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; comprising 30-100 fertile spikelets. Panicle open; lanceolate, or ovate; 5-10 cm long; 4-6 cm wide. Panicle branches glandular; glabrous; bearded in axils. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; glandular.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 5.5-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pilose; hairy in 2 tufts; truncate.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 5.5-6 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pilose; hairy in 2 tufts; truncate.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; shiny; gaping. Lower glume elliptic; 5.5-6 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; purple; glandular; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins obscure. Lower glume apex acute, or acuminate. Upper glume elliptic; 5.5-6 mm long; 2.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; purple; glandular; 1-keeled; 5 -veined. Upper glume primary vein conspicuous. Upper glume lateral veins obscure. Upper glume apex acute, or acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 2.5-2.8 mm long; chartaceous; dull; keeled; 9 -veined. Lemma midvein pubescent; hairy below. Lemma surface smooth; glabrous. Lemma margins ciliate; hairy below. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; with lobes 0.25-0.3 mm long; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 7-8 mm long overall; with 3.5-4.5 mm long limb; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn 3.5-4.5 mm long. Lateral lemma awns arising on inner edge of lobes; 2-2.5 mm long; shorter than principal. Palea linear; 3 mm long. Palea apex truncate, or obtuse.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; veined; glabrous. Anthers 3; 3 mm long; yellow. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Linder 2012.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pentameris ellisii H.P.Linder appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bothalia 40: 191 (2010)

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0