1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Parianella Hollowell, F.M.Ferreira & R.P.Oliveira
      1. Parianella lanceolata (Trin.) F.M.Ferreira & R.P.Oliveira

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Brazil (Bahia).

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 25 cm long. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves cauline. Leaf-sheath oral hairs setose; 2-3 mm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades linear, or lanceolate; 5-15 cm long; 7-120 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Monoecious; with male and female spikelets in the same inflorescence. Synflorescence on the same culm as leaves. Inflorescence composed of racemes; exserted. Racemes 1; single; erect; linear; multilateral; 4 mm wide. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; subterete. Rhachis internodes linear; 10-13 mm long. Rhachis internode tip cupuliform. Sexes mixed (in a cluster at each node). Spikelets appressed; subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Male spikelets pedicelled; 5 in a cluster. Involucre composed of imperfect spikelets; with pedicels forming a long tube; oblong; 11-13 mm long; base obconical. Pedicels fused to each other; united along margins; oblong; flattened; 8-10 mm long; pubescent; tip rectangular.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; 8-10 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures. Male spikelets distinct from female; 1 flowered; deciduous with the fertile; ovate; 3 mm long; hairy. Male spikelet glumes 2. Male spikelet lemma 3 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; compressed slightly; 8-10 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 8-10 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; chartaceous; without keels. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 8-10 mm long; chartaceous; without keels. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma oblong; 8-10 mm long; coriaceous; without keel. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1 length of lemma; coriaceous; 2 -veined; without keels.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 3. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2; terminally exserted. Ovary glabrous.
    Male
    Male spikelets distinct from female; 1 flowered; deciduous with the fertile; ovate; 3 mm long; hairy. Male spikelet glumes 2. Male spikelet lemma 3 mm long.
    Distribution
    South America: Brazil.
    Reference
    Parianeae. Gr Bahia 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil Northeast

    Parianella lanceolata (Trin.) F.M.Ferreira & R.P.Oliveira appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Riedel, L. [0], Bahia Pariana lanceolata K000001173 isotype

    First published in Phytotaxa 77: 31 (2013)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0