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  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Senegalia Raf.
      1. Senegalia ataxacantha (DC.) Kyal. & Boatwr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, J.P.M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 3:1. 1970

    Habit
    Scandent shrub up to 15 m. high or a straggling non-climbing shrub or small tree 2-10 m. high.
    Branches
    Young branchlets puberulous to densely pubescent and often glandular.
    Stipules
    Stipules not spinescent, obliquely ovate to linear.
    Prickles
    Prickles scattered along the internodes, ± hooked or deflexed, often broad-based, up to 7(15) mm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves: rhachis mostly 5-13 cm. long, prickly or unarmed; usually with a gland on the petiole and between the uppermost 1-3(5) pairs of pinnae; pinnae (4)6-25(29) pairs; leaflets 14-62 pairs, 2-5(7·5) x 0·5-1·5 mm., ± ciliate (rarely with almost glabrous margins), otherwise glabrous or ± appressed-hairy on the surface beneath, apex obtuse to subacute, lateral nerves usually invisible or faintly apparent.
    Flowers
    Flowers cream to white, 0·25-0·4 mm. pedicellate, or appearing sessile, in spiciform racemes usually 4-10 cm. long on peduncles 0·5-2·5 cm. long; axis ± densely puberulous or pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1-1·7(2·5) mm. long, glabrous or slightly pubescent, rarely more than 1/3-1/2 as long as the corolla.
    Corolla
    Corolla 2·5-3 mm. long, with 5 lobes 0·5-0·8 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments 3-6 mm. long, free; anthers 0·15 mm. across, with a caducous gland.
    Ovary
    Ovary pubescent, on a stipe longer than itself.
    Fruits
    Pods purple-brown to brown, dehiscent, 5-20 x 1-2·4 cm., linear-oblong, straight, very acuminate at both ends or sometimes merely subacute at the apex, puberulous or almost glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seeds 6-9 mm. in diam., subcircular-lenticular; central areole small, obscure, 2·5-3 x 2·5-3 mm.
    [FWTA]

    Mimosaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A scrambling shrub or climber
    Ecology
    Forming thickets, in regrowth and on rocky hills within the forest regions as well as in dry savannah vegetation
    Bark
    Branchlets with yellowish bark
    Branches
    Armed with recurved prickles
    Flowers
    Flowers cream
    Fruits
    Fruits reddish-brown, shining, surfaces undulate.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Sahel regional transition zone; bushland and thicket, Sudanian wooded grassland, Zambezian wooded grassland, Zambezian scrub forest
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing/Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    Scandent shrub up to 15 m. high or (but apparently not in our area) a non-climbing shrub or small tree 3–6 m. high.
    Branches
    Young branchlets ± pubescent.
    Stipules
    Stipules not spinescent, obliquely ovate.
    Prickles
    Prickles scattered along the internodes, ± hooked or deflexed, up to 6 mm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves:rhachis 5–12 cm. long, prickly or unarmed; usually a gland on the petiole and between the uppermost 1–3(–5) pairs of pinnae; pinnae 6–17(–25) pairs; leaflets 14–50 pairs, 2–5(–7) mm. long, 0.5–1(–1.2) mm. wide, ± ciliate otherwise glabrous or (but not in our area) ± appressed-hairy on surface beneath, apex obtuse to subacute, lateral nerves usually invisible or faintly apparent.
    Flowers
    Flowers cream to white, 0.25–0.4 mm. pedicellate, or appearing sessile, in spiciform racemes 4–8 cm. long on peduncles 1–2.5 cm. long; axis ± densely puberulous or pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1–1.7(–2.5) mm. long, glabrous or (but not in our area) slightly pubescent.
    Corolla
    Corolla 2.5–3 mm. long, with 5 lobes 0.5–0.8 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments 4.5–6 mm. long, free; anthers 0.15 mm. across, with a caducous gland.
    Ovary
    Ovary pubescent, on a stipe longer than itself.
    Fruits
    Pods (Fig. 14/5, p. 52) purple-brown, dehiscent, puberulous or almost glabrous, linear-oblong, straight, very acuminate at both ends, 5–14 cm. long, 1–1.9 cm. wide.
    Seeds
    Seeds subcircular-lenticular, 6–7 mm. diam.; central areole small, obscure, 2.5–3 × 2.5–3 mm.
    Habitat
    Riverine forest and thicket; altitude range uncertain — at 915 m. in Kenya
    Distribution
    K1 K4 T8 from Senegal to Ubangi-Shari, the Sudan and Kenya in the north, southwards to Southern Rhodesia and Portuguese East Africaa variety in Angola, Bechuanaland, Transvaal, South West Africa. Swaziland and Natal

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Senegalia ataxacantha (DC.) Kyal. & Boatwr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 16, 1971 Zeyher [568], South Africa Acacia ataxacantha K000244363
    Sep 16, 1971 Burke [130], South Africa Acacia ataxacantha K000244361 Unknown type material
    Sep 16, 1971 Burke [130], South Africa Acacia ataxacantha K000244362 syntype
    Jan 1, 1965 Miller, O.B. [425], Botswana Acacia ataxacantha K000489513
    Jan 1, 1965 Richards, H.M. [14745], Botswana Acacia ataxacantha K000489510
    Jan 1, 1965 Richards, H.M. [14745], Botswana Acacia ataxacantha K000489511
    Jan 1, 1965 Lugard, E. [195], Botswana Acacia ataxacantha K000244299 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1965 Holub, E. [1127], Botswana Acacia ataxacantha K000489515
    de Winter, B. [4199], Botswana Acacia ataxacantha K000489512
    Story, R. [4932], Botswana Acacia ataxacantha K000489514
    Wild, H. [6896], Botswana Acacia ataxacantha K000489509
    Vogel [s.n.] Acacia ataxacantha K000267504
    Barter, C. [s.n.] Acacia ataxacantha K000267503
    Burtt Davy [5231], South Africa Acacia ataxacantha K000244353 Unknown type material
    Heudelot [536] Acacia ataxacantha K000267511
    Heudelot [536] Acacia ataxacantha K000267506
    Valleh [187] Acacia ataxacantha K000267505
    Skarpe, C. [380], Botswana Acacia ataxacantha K000489508
    Terry, J. [222], Botswana Acacia ataxacantha K000489507

    Bibliography

    First published in Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172: 507 (2013)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Berhaut, J. (1975). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 4: 1-625. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Flora Zambesiaca 3(1): 1-153. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/