Skip to main content
  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Senegalia Raf.
      1. Senegalia eriocarpa Kyal. & Boatwr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, J.P.M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 3:1. 1970

    Habit
    Shrub or small to medium tree c. 3-6 m. high, sometimes many-stemmed; young branchlets tomentose, soon glabrescent.
    Stipules
    Stipules not spinescent, 5-7 x 4-6 mm., broadly and obliquely ovate.
    Prickles
    Prickles scattered along the internodes, ± hooked or deflexed, up to c. 5 mm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves: rhachis 4-19 cm. long, prickly or unarmed; petiole with a prominent gland 1-2·5 mm. long on the upper side near the base; rhachis glandular below the top 1-2 pairs of pinnae; pinnae 4-9 pairs; leaflets 4-15 pairs, (5)7-18 x 3-9 mm., obliquely oblong-elliptic or -lanceolate (or the terminal ones obovate), ± densely pubescent especially beneath when young, ± glabrescent at maturity; lateral nerves and usually venation also clearly visible beneath.
    Flowers
    Flowers sessile, in spikes 4-5 (? more) cm. long on peduncles 0·5-1·3 cm. long; axis tomentose.
    Calyx
    Calyx 3·5 mm. long, tomentose.
    Corolla
    Corolla 4-4·5 mm. long, with 5 lobes 1-1·25 mm. long which are tomentose outside.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments 5-6 mm. long, irregularly connate towards the base; anthers 0·2 mm. across, with a caducous gland.
    Ovary
    Ovary tomentose, on an almost equally long stipe.
    Fruits
    Pods dehiscent, 7-14 x 1·8-2·4 cm., with dense often ± matted long brownish tomentum outside, linear-oblong, straight, obtuse rarely subacute at the apex.
    Seeds
    Seeds subcircular, 6-10 mm. in diam.; central areole small, 1·5-3 x 2·5 mm.
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Zambezian woodland, Zambezian bushland and thicket
    Habit
    Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Senegalia eriocarpa Kyal. & Boatwr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Goodier, R. [81], Zimbabwe Acacia eriocarpa K000244302 holotype
    Goodier, R. [81], Zimbabwe Acacia eriocarpa K000244301 holotype

    Bibliography

    First published in Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172: 508 (2013)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0