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  1. Family: Fabaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Senegalia Raf.
      1. Senegalia pentagona (Schumach.) Kyal. & Boatwr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa, E. Madagascar.

    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Guineo-Congolian forest.
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing, Shrub
    [FZ]

    Leguminosae, J.P.M. Brenan. Flora Zambesiaca 3:1. 1970

    Habit
    An often tall liane; young branchlets sparsely puberulous to glabrous and eglandular, very rarely with inconspicuous sessile glands, red-brown to deep purplish.
    Prickles
    Prickles deflexed, scattered, arising from longitudinal bands usually darker than the intervening ones.
    Leaves
    Leaves: petiole (1·5)2-6 cm. long; pinnae 8-15 pairs, 2·5-9 cm. long; leaflets 0·7-1·8(2) mm. wide, linear or linear-oblong, glabrous or nearly so; midrib nearer one margin at the base.
    Flowers
    Flowers white, in heads 8-10(12) mm. in diam. usually in ample panicles.
    Stipules
    Stipules at base of peduncles small, 0·75-1·5 mm. wide, inconspicuous, soon caducous, not subcordate at the base.
    Calyx
    Calyx eglandular outside.
    Corolla
    Corolla glabrous or rarely sparingly puberulous outside.
    Fruits
    Pods thick, hard, dark-brown, indehiscent, 7·5-16 x 1·8-3·5 cm., oblong, with markedly thickened margins 2-4 mm. wide.
    Seeds
    Seeds black, 10-13 x 6-8 mm., smooth, ellipsoid, thick but somewhat compressed; areole large, 7-10 x 4·5-6 mm.
    [FTEA]

    Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

    Habit
    An often tall liane.
    Branches
    Young branches sparsely puberulous to glabrous and eglandular, very rarely with inconspicuous sessile glands, red-brown to deep purplish.
    Prickles
    Prickles deflexed, scattered, arising from longitudinal bands usually darker than the intervening ones.
    Leaves
    Leaves:petiole (1.5–)2–6 cm. long; pinnae 8–15 pairs, 2.5–9 cm. long; leaflets linear or linear-oblong, 0.7–1.8(–2) mm. wide, glabrous or nearly so, midrib nearer one margin at base.
    Flowers
    Flowers white, in heads 8–10(–12) mm. in diameter usually in ample panicles.
    Stipules
    Stipules at base of peduncles small, 0.75–1.5 mm. wide, inconspicuous, soon caducous, not subcordate at base.
    Calyx
    Calyx eglandular outside.
    Corolla
    Corolla glabrous or rarely sparingly puberulous outside.
    Fruits
    Pods (Fig. 15/28, p. 66) thick, hard, oblong, dark brown, 7.5–16 cm. long, 1.8–3.5 cm. wide, indehiscent and with markedly thickened margins 2–4 mm. wide.
    Seeds
    Seeds black, smooth, ellipsoid, thick but somewhat compressed, 10–13 mm. long, 6–8 mm. wide; areole large, 7–10 mm. long and 4.5–6 mm. wide.
    Habitat
    Lowland rain-forest and swamp-forest, possibly occurring also in upland rain-forest; 400–1450 m.
    Distribution
    from French Guinea and Sierra Leone to the Belgian Congo and Uganda, southwards to Angola, Northern and Southern Rhodesia and Portuguese East Africa K7 T1 T2 T3 T5 T6 U3 U4
    [ILDIS]

    International Legume Database and Information Service

    Conservation
    Not Threatened
    Ecology
    Africa: Guinea-Congolia/Zambezia regional transition zone; forest., Guineo-Congolian forest., Lake Victoria regional mosaic; forest.
    Habit
    Perennial, Climbing, Shrub
    Vernacular
    Hafomantsina, Odifady, Riofotsy, Ritro, Ritromena, Sambalarevaka, Vohimalanga

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Senegalia pentagona (Schumach.) Kyal. & Boatwr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2015 Marshall, A.R. [2151-40720], Tanzania Acacia pentagona K001259672
    Apr 20, 2014 Cole, N.H.A. [193], Sierra Leone Acacia pentagona K000966247
    Oct 1, 2005 Mackinder, B. [510], Cameroon Acacia pentagona K000338236
    Jan 1, 2005 Ranaivojaona, R. [1087], Madagascar Acacia pentagona K001276722
    Jan 1, 2005 Rakotovao, C. [1875], Madagascar Acacia pentagona K001088199
    Oct 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [9008], Cameroon Acacia pentagona K000027496
    Jul 1, 2001 Mackinder, B. [143], Cameroon Acacia pentagona K000108304
    Jan 1, 1957 Gossweiler, J. [4749], Angola Acacia pentagona K001276654
    Jan 1, 1957 Gossweiler, J. [4780 & 4749], Angola Acacia pentagona K001276655
    Jan 1, 1957 Gossweiler, J. [4780 & 4749], Angola Acacia pentagona K001276656
    Jan 1, 1957 Gossweiler, J. [4780 & 4749], Angola Acacia pentagona K001276657
    Jan 1, 1957 Ghana Acacia pentagona K000232661
    Jan 1, 1957 Welweitsch [s.n.], Angola Acacia pentagona K000244303
    Jan 1, 1956 Louis, J. [6978], Congo, DRC Acacia pentagona K000244165 isotype
    Jan 1, 1956 Maitland, T.D. [658], Cameroon Acacia pentagona K000092992
    Jan 1, 1956 Maitland, T.D. [658], Cameroon Acacia pentagona K000092993
    Jan 1, 1956 Mann [1137], Sao Tome and Principe Acacia pentagona K000244163
    Jan 1, 1956 Mann [1137], Sao Tome and Principe Acacia pentagona K000244164
    Maitland, T.D. [472], Cameroon Acacia pentagona K000092991
    Timberlake, J. [5400], Mozambique Acacia pentagona K000614392
    Timberlake, J. [5460], Mozambique Acacia pentagona K000614441
    Mphamba [117], Mozambique Acacia pentagona K000614323

    Bibliography

    First published in Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 172: 509 (2013)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Flora Zambesiaca 3(1): 1-153. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    International Legume Database and Information Service
    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0