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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Polypogon Desf.
      1. Polypogon magellanicus (Lam.) Finot

        This species is accepted, and its native range is New Zealand South Island to Subantarctic Islands, Peru, Central & S. Chile to S. Argentina.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Butt sheaths light brown; persistent and investing base of culm; with fibrous dead sheaths. Basal innovations extravaginal. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending, or decumbent; 5-45 cm long. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1.5 mm long; scaberulous on abaxial surface; erose; truncate. Leaf-blades flat, or conduplicate; 2-16 cm long; 0.5-2 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface ribbed; scaberulous; rough adaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; aerial, or shorter than basal leaves. Peduncle smooth, or scaberulous above. Panicle contracted; lanceolate, or elliptic; 2-10 cm long. Panicle branches scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 1.5-5 mm long; scabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 3.5-5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with the pedicel. Floret callus pubescent; hairy in 2 tufts.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 3.5-5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with the pedicel. Floret callus pubescent; hairy in 2 tufts.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma; gaping. Lower glume lanceolate; 3.5-5 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein scabrous. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface asperulous. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 3.5-5 mm long; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein scabrous. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface asperulous. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 1.8-2.2 mm long; hyaline; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma lateral veins extending close to apex. Lemma surface smooth, or scaberulous; rough above and on veins. Lemma apex dentate; 4 -fid; truncate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.5 way up back of lemma; geniculate; 3-4 mm long overall; with twisted column. Palea 0.4-0.7 mm long; 0.25 length of lemma; hyaline.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; 0.5-0.6 mm long; membranous. Anthers 3; 0.5-0.9 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; 1.2-1.6 mm long. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Australasia: New Zealand. South America: western South America and southern South America. Antarctic: Subantarctic islands.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Edgar 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Antipodean Is., Argentina South, Chile Central, Chile South, Crozet Is., Falkland Is., Kerguelen, Macquarie Is., Marion-Prince Edward, New Zealand South, Peru, Tristan da Cunha

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Polypogon magellanicus (Lam.) Finot appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wright [s.n.], Falkland Is. K000308494
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.] K000308495
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.] K000308496
    Hooker, J.D. [s.n.] K000308497
    Lechler [1223] K000308500
    Philippi [s.n.] K000308499
    Lewis, R. [311], Falkland Is. Agrostis magellanica K000299626

    Bibliography

    First published in J. Bot. Res. Inst. Texas 7: 187 (2013)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.
    • Roux, J.P., Ryan, P.G., Milton, S.J. & Moloney, C.L. (1992). Vegetation and checklist of Inaccessible Island, central South Atlantic Ocean, with notes on Nightingale Island. Bothalia 22: 93-109.
    • Gremmen, N.J.M. (1982). The vegetation of the Subantarctic islands Marion and Prince Edward: 1-149. Dr W. Junk publishers. The Hague, Boston, London.
    • Chastain, A. (1961). La flore et la végétation des Iles Kerguelen Mémoires du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle. Serie B. Botanique 11: 1-136.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0