1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cenchrus L.
      1. Cenchrus cafer (Bory) Veldkamp

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Madagascar, Réunion.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped densely. Culms erect; 30-50 cm long; 1 -noded. Culm-internodes distally pubescent. Lateral branches lacking. Leaves mostly basal. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades convolute; 10-15 cm long; 2-3 mm wide; stiff. Leaf-blade surface ribbed; grooved adaxially; glabrous. Leaf-blade apex abruptly acute.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle pubescent above. Panicle spiciform; linear, or oblong; straight; 6-10 cm long. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with lateral stumps on axis. Panicle axis with rounded ribs; pubescent; bearing deciduous spikelet clusters. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Involucre composed of bristles; oblong; 10-15 mm long; base obtuse; base 0.5 mm long; base pubescent. Involucral bristles deciduous with the fertile spikelets; numerous; in one whorl; with one conspicuously longer bristle; 20-40 mm long; terete; flexible; glabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Upper glume lanceolate; 1 mm long; 0.25-0.33 length of spikelet; hyaline; without keels. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 4 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7 -veined; setaceously attenuate. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 4 mm long; chartaceous; without keel. Lemma margins flat. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 mm long; 0.5 length of lemma; chartaceous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 1.5 mm long; purple.
    Distribution
    Africa: western Indian ocean.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Gr Maur 1999.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Madagascar, Réunion

    Cenchrus cafer (Bory) Veldkamp appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Blumea 59: 71 (2014)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hubbard, C.E. & Vaughan, R.E. (1940). Grasses of Mauritius and Rodriguez: 1-128. Crown Agents for the Colonies, London.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0