1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Eriochloa Kunth
      1. Eriochloa barbatus (Trin.) S.Yadav & M.R.Almeida

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar, Arabian Peninsula.

    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Tufted annual 30–60 cm. high.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora Zambesiaca 10:3. 1989

    Habit
    Annual.
    Culms
    Culms 10–120 cm. high, erect or geniculately ascending.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence of 3–20 racemes, these 1–5 cm. long, bearing paired spikelets on a puberulous (occasionally pilose) triquetrous or narrowly winged rhachis; pedicels commonly setose, those of a pair usually free.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets (2.5)3–5 mm. long, lanceolate, thinly pubescent.
    Glume
    Inferior glume absent; superior glume attenuate to an awnlet 0.5–4 mm. long.
    Florets
    Inferior floret represented only by a lemma.
    Inferior
    Inferior floret represented only by a lemma.
    Lemma
    Superior lemma with a mucro 0.3–1 mm. long.
    Superior
    Superior lemma with a mucro 0.3–1 mm. long.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual; caespitose. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 10-120 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 3-30 cm long; 2-10 mm wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 3-10; borne along a central axis; unilateral; 1-5 cm long. Central inflorescence axis 3-20 cm long. Rhachis wingless, or narrowly winged; angular; puberulous on surface. Spikelet packing adaxial; regular; 2 -rowed. Spikelets ascending; solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels oblong; setose.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; (2.5-)3-5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; glabrous.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; (2.5-)3-5 mm long; falling entire. Spikelet callus globular; incorporating lowest rhachilla internode with adnate lower glume; glabrous.
    Glume
    Glumes one the lower absent or obscure; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Upper glume elliptic; (2.5-)3-5 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume surface pubescent. Upper glume apex attenuate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 0.5-4 mm long.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 0.9 length of spikelet; 5 -veined; pubescent; attenuate; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret 0.2-3 mm long. Fertile lemma elliptic; 2-3 mm long; indurate; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface punctate. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex obtuse; mucronate. Principal lemma awn 0.3-1 mm long overall. Palea involute; indurate.
    Distribution
    Africa: Macaronesia, west tropical, west-central tropical, northeast tropical, east tropical, southern tropical, south, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: Arabia. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTEA.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annual; culms 10–120 cm. high, erect or geniculately ascending.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades 3–30 cm. long, 2–10 mm. wide.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 3–20 cm. long; racemes 1–5 cm. long, the rhachis puberulous (occasionally pilose), triquetrous or narrowly winged, bearing paired spikelets; pedicels commonly setose, those of a pair usually free.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets lanceolate, (2.5–)3–5 mm. long, thinly pubescent; lower glume absent; upper glume attenuate to an awnlet 0.5–4 mm. long; lower floret represented only by a lemma; upper lemma with a mucro 0.3–1 mm. long.
    Figures
    Fig. 136.
    Habitat
    Swampy places and damp depressions, especially on black clays, but also occurring as a weedy ephemeral on better-drained soils during the rains; 0–1800 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7 throughout tropical and South Africaalso in Arabia and a few records from India

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Chad, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gambia, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Arizona, Bangladesh, California, Cape Verde, India, Lesser Sunda Is., Mississippi, Myanmar, New Guinea, Pakistan

    Eriochloa barbatus (Trin.) S.Yadav & M.R.Almeida appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schimper, W. [s.n.], Saudi Arabia Eriochloa fatmensis K000215122
    Schimper, W. [s.n.], Saudi Arabia Eriochloa fatmensis K000215121 Unknown type material
    Bailey, F.M. [s.n.], Australia Eriochloa fatmensis K000958822 Unknown type material
    Fouche, A.J. [8], South Africa Eriochloa fatmensis K000282014
    Fouche, A.J. [8], South Africa Eriochloa fatmensis K000282013
    Hackman, C.W. [G-27 a], Thailand Eriochloa fatmensis K000688117
    Hackman, C.W. [G-27 a], Thailand Eriochloa fatmensis K000688118
    Hackman, C.W. [G-27 a], Thailand Eriochloa fatmensis K000688119
    Hackman, C.W. [G 22a], Thailand Eriochloa fatmensis K000688120
    Hackman, C.W. [G 22a], Thailand Eriochloa fatmensis K000688121
    Hackman, C.W. [125], Thailand Eriochloa fatmensis K000688122
    Demange [18], Mali Eriochloa fatmensis K000212114

    First published in Fl. Maharashtra 6A: 145 (2014)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
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    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Clayton, W.D. & Renvoize, S.A. (1982). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 3: 451-898.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
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    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0