1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cenchrus L.
      1. Cenchrus divisus (J.F.Gmel.) Verloove, Govaerts & Buttler

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Sahara to NW. India.

    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    A glabrous bushy perennial with stout woody stems
    Inflorescences
    Rhachis glabrous, inconspicuously angular; spikelets 7–8 mm. long, the lower glume half as long.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short; knotty. Culms erect, or geniculately ascending; 50-100(-200) cm long; woody; without nodal roots, or rooting from lower nodes. Culm-internodes glaucous. Lateral branches suffrutescent. Leaf-sheaths loose. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; filiform; convolute; 3-7.5 cm long; 1-1.5 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade apex pungent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle smooth, or scaberulous above. Panicle spiciform; oblong; 5-12 cm long. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with sessile scars on axis. Panicle axis angular; scaberulous; glabrous; bearing deciduous spikelet clusters. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Involucre composed of bristles; oblong; 7-20 mm long; base bluntly stipitate (0.5-1mm). Involucral bristles deciduous with the fertile spikelets; numerous; terete; flexible; glabrous, or ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 6.5-8.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; dorsally compressed; 6.5-8.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.5-0.75 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 1(-3) -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent, or obscure. Lower glume apex acute, or acuminate. Upper glume oblong; 0.9-1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels. Upper glume apex acute, or acuminate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 1 length of spikelet; chartaceous; acuminate. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 6.5-8.5 mm long; chartaceous; without keel. Lemma margins flat. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea chartaceous.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; anther tip smooth.
    Distribution
    Africa: north, west tropical, and northeast tropical. Asia-temperate: western Asia and Arabia. Asia-tropical: India.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Fl Pak.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Tunisia, Yemen

    Introduced into:

    Canary Is.

    Cenchrus divisus (J.F.Gmel.) Verloove, Govaerts & Buttler appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sieber [s.n], Egypt Pennisetum divisum K000244606
    Schimper, W. [308], Egypt Pennisetum divisum K000244608
    Schimper, W. [308], Egypt Pennisetum divisum K000244609
    Schimper, W. [308], Egypt Pennisetum divisum K000244612
    Keller [9], Egypt Pennisetum divisum K000244607
    s.coll. [s.n.], Afghanistan Pennisetum divisum K001056160

    First published in Phytotaxa 181: 59 (2014)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
    • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1972). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3(2): 277-574.

    Sources

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0