1. Family: Brassicaceae Burnett
    1. Genus: Cardamine L.
      1. Cardamine hongdeyuana Al-Shehbaz

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tibet.

    [KBu]

    Al-Shehbaz, I. A. 2015. Cardamine hongdeyuana (Brassicaceae), a new species from Xizang, China. Kew Bulletin 70: 3. DOI https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-014-9556-3

    Type
    Type: China, Xizang (Tibet), Motuo Xian, Beibengqu Village, forests, 850 m, 3 June 1983, Li Bosheng & Cheng Shuzhi 05011 (holotype, PE-01004742!; isotype, PE-01964907!).
    Habit
    Herbs perennial, glabrous throughout except for leaves; rhizomes not seen
    Stem
    Stems erect, to 80 cm, simple or distally branched, terete
    Leaves
    Basal and lowermost cauline leaves withered at anthesis; middle cauline leaves petiolate, 7-foliolate, not auriculate, with 2 minute stipule-like glands at node; petiole 1 – 2 cm, winged, glabrous; leaflets lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, abaxially glabrous, adaxially sparsely covered with stout trichomes 0.3 – 0.4 mm, base obtuse or sometimes slightly oblique on lateral leaflets, margin serrate-dentate, minutely ciliate with trichomes 0.09 – 0.15 mm, teeth 1-veined, apiculate, apex acute to acuminate; blade of terminal leaflet 15 – 25 × 7 – 12 mm, with winged petiolule 3 – 5 mm; distal lateral leaflet pair slightly smaller in size than terminal leaflet; proximal leaflet pair 7 – 10 × 4 – 7 mm, on a petiolule 0.5 – 1.5 mm; uppermost cauline leaves 5 (or 7)-foliolate, smaller in size than middle leaves
    Inflorescences
    Raceme densely flowered, ebracteate, elongated in fruit; flowering pedicels 7 – 10 mm, glabrous, horizontal, base with a pair of minute glands; fruiting pedicels not seen
    Calyx
    Sepals oblong, 2.7 – 3 × 1 – 1.5 mm, glabrous, whitish at margin, base not saccate; petals white, oblong, 3.5 – 4 × 1.5 – 2 mm, not clawed, apex obtuse; filaments 2 – 2.5 mm; anthers oblong, 0.7 – 1 mm; nectar glands confluent, subtending bases of all filaments; ovary glabrous; ovules 14 – 20 per ovary; stigma capitate, considerably wider than style
    Fruits
    Mature fruits and seeds not seen
    Distribution
    Endemic to Moto Xian (County), Tibet.
    Ecology
    Forests; 850 – 950 m alt.
    Conservation
    Cardaminehongdeyuana is known only from two collections presumably made from one locality; its IUCN Red List category (IUCN 2001) remains uncertain and is currently assessed as Data Deficient (DD).
    Note
    Cardaminehongdeyuana is named in honour of Academician Professor Hong De-yuan (14 January 1937 – ), editor-in-chief of the Pan-Himalayan flora for his help and support throughout my studies on the Brassicaceae of that flora. Cardaminehongdeyuana is most closely related to C. yunnanensisFranch., a widespread species that grows at 900 – 4200 m in Bhutan, China (Sichuan, Xizang, Yunnan), India (Sikkim), and Nepal (Zhou et al. 2001). A close comparison of the novelty with substantial material of C. yunnanensis, including its type collection (Delavay 1843: holotype, P; isotypes, E, F, P, US), reveals that they differ substantially. From the latter, C. hongdeyuana is readily distinguished by having terete (vs angled) and glabrous (vs pilose or puberulent) middle and lower stems, (5 –) 7-foliolate (vs 3 – 5 (– 7)-foliolate middle cauline leaves, exauriculate (vs auriculate) petioles 1 – 2 (vs 2 – 8.5) cm with (vs without) 2 basal glands, winged (vs wingless) petioles and petiolules, symmetric or slightly oblique (vs strongly oblique) bases of lateral leaflets(Fig. 2A, C), shorter leaf surface trichomes 0.3 – 0.4 (vs 0.7 – 0.8) mm (Fig. 2B, D), oblong (vs obovate) petals, and stigmas considerably wider than (vs as wide as) the style. Erect perennial with non-auriculate, 7-foliolate middle cauline leaves with winged petioles and petiolules, dentate-serrate leaflets glabrous abaxially and sparsely pubescent adaxially with stout trichomes much larger than marginal ones, white petals without claws, horizontal flowering pedicels with two basal glands, and capitate stigmas considerably wider than styles.

    Distribution

    Cardamine hongdeyuana Al-Shehbaz appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Kew Bull. 70(1)-3: 1 (2015)

    Literature

    Kew Bulletin
    • Al-Shehbaz, I. A. (2012). A generic and tribal synopsis of the Brassicaceae (Cruciferae). Taxon 61: 931 – 954.Google Scholar
    • Chen, W. L., Smirnov, S. V., Kamelin, R. V., Zhang, S. R., Wang, J., Liu, J. Q., Shmakov, A. I. & German, D. A. (2011). Some new or noteworthy plant species for China found in northwest Xinjiang. Turczaninowia 14(1): 75 – 80.Google Scholar
    • Al-Shehbaz, I. A. & Boufford, D. E. (2008). Cardaminetianqingiae (Brassicaceae), a new species from Gansu Province, China. Harvard Pap. Bot. 13: 89 – 91.Google Scholar
    • Bai, H. F., Chen, L. B., Liu, K. M. & Liu, L. H. (2008). A new species of Cardamine (Brassicaceae) from Hunan, China. Novon 18: 135 – 137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • Marhold, K., Lihová, J., Al-Shehbaz, I. A. & Kudoh, H. (2007). The correct interpretation and lectoypification of Cardaminefallax (Brassicaceae). J. Pl. Res. 120: 655 – 660.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
    • IUCN (2001). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1. IUCN Species Survival Commission. IUCN, Gland & Cambridge.Google Scholar
    • Zhou, T. Y., Lu, L. L., Yang, G. & Al-Shehbaz, I. A. (2001). Brassicaceae. In: C. Y. Wu & P. H. Raven (editors), Flora of China 8: 1 – 193. Science Press, Beijing & Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St Louis.Google Scholar

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Bulletin
    Kew Bulletin
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0