1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus alopecuroides (Piller & Mitterp.) P.M.Peterson

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Central Europe, Medit. to W. & Central Asia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms geniculately ascending; 2-35 cm long. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades 8-10 cm long; 0.5-3 mm wide; mid-green to glaucous. Leaf-blade surface pubescent; hairy adaxially. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle spiciform; linear; 0.5-7.5 cm long; 0.3-0.6 cm wide. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with lateral stumps on axis. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 2-2.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 2-2.5 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 1.5-2.2 mm long; 0.8-1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein ciliolate. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 1.8-2.2 mm long; 0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein ciliolate. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex obtuse, or acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; laterally compressed; 2-2.5 mm long; membranous; keeled; 1 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea 1-1.5 mm long; 2 -veined. Palea apex obtuse.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 0.6-1 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; ellipsoid; 1-1.2 mm long; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    Europe: central, southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Africa: north. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, and western Asia. North America: northwest USA.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. Fl Turk 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Belarus, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East European Russia, Egypt, France, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Morocco, North Caucasus, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Sicilia, South European Russi, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    California, Colorado, Idaho, Mexico Northeast, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Utah, Washington, Wyoming

    Sporobolus alopecuroides (Piller & Mitterp.) P.M.Peterson appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Egypt Crypsis alopecuroides K000244768
    Sieber [s.n.], Egypt Crypsis alopecuroides K000244769
    Kotschy, T. [361], Iraq Crypsis alopecuroides K000907265 Unknown type material
    Richter, L. [489], Romania Crypsis alopecuroides K000907263

    First published in Taxon 63: 1234 (2014)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Barina, Z., Rakaj, m. & Pifkó, D. (2013). Contributions to the flora of Albania, 4 Willdenowia 43: 165-184.
    • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
    • Fedtschenko, B.A. & al. (1932). Flora Turkmenii 1: 1-340. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0