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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus schoenoides (L.) P.M.Peterson

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia to Mozambique.


    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Annual with prostrate stems radiating from the root.
    Annual. Culms decumbent; 1-30 cm long. Lateral branches ample. Leaf-sheaths outer margin glabrous. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Collar glabrous. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; 0.5-12 cm long; 1-5 mm wide; stiff; glaucous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescence a panicle; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath, or a spatheole; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle capitate; elliptic, or oblong; 0.5-3 cm long. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with lateral stumps on axis. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 2.5-4 mm long; falling entire.
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 2.5-4 mm long; falling entire.
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 2.5-4 mm long; 0.9 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein eciliate. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume margins eciliate. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 2.5-4 mm long; 0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein eciliate. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume margins eciliate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; laterally compressed; 2.5-4 mm long; membranous; keeled; 1 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined.
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 0.9 mm long.
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; ellipsoid to obovoid; 1.5 mm long; apex unappendaged.
    Europe: northern, central, southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Africa: north, southern tropical, south, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, Arabia, China, and Mongolia. Asia-tropical: India. Australasia: Australia. North America: north-central USA, northeast USA, southwest USA, southeast USA, and Mexico.
    Eragrostideae. FTEA.

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Annual; culms profusely branched at the base, at first prostrate, finally ascending, 1–30 cm. high.
    Leaf-blades broadly linear, 0.5–12 cm. long, 1–5 mm. wide, glaucous, tapering to an acuminate tip.
    Inflorescence ellipsoid or ovoid, 0.5–3 cm. long, embraced at the base by 2 inflated distichous sheaths.
    Spikelets lanceolate, 2.5–4 mm. long, laterally flattened, disarticulating below the floret; glumes narrowly lanceolate, ±2.5 mm. long, 1-nerved, stiffly ciliate on the keel; lemma lanceolate, as long as the spikelet; palea 2-nerved; anthers 3, 0.5–1 mm. long.
    Grain obovate-elliptic, 1.5 mm. long.
    Fig. 99.
    Lake shore subject to flooding; 1000–1500 m.
    T2 T5 Mediterranean region and Sudan eastwards to N. Indiaisolated records from Senegal, Mozambique, Malawi and Madagascarintroduced to U.S.A.

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Annual; culms profusely branched at the base, at first prostrate, finally ascending, up to 75 cm long; leaf sheath margins and collar glabrous; leaf lamina 2–10 cm × 1–5 mm, glaucous, tapering to an acuminate apex.
    Inflorescence 0.3–7.5 cm long, ovoid to cylindrical, half or less embraced by the uppermost leaf sheaths.
    Spikelets 2.7–3.2 mm long, lanceolate, tardily deciduous; glumes unequal, the inferior shorter than the superior, both slightly shorter than the lemma, glabrous on the margins; lemma as long as the spikelet, lanceolate; palea 2-nerved; anthers 0.7–1.1 mm long.
    Caryopsis 1–1.5 mm long.



    Doubtfully present in:

    East Himalaya, Saudi Arabia

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Belarus, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., Egypt, France, Greece, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Malawi, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Niger, North Caucasus, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Arizona, California, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Madagascar, Mali, Masachusettes, Mauritania, Mexico Northwest, Michigan, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Primorye, Senegal, Utah, Vermont, Western Australia, Wisconsin


    Other Data

    Sporobolus schoenoides (L.) P.M.Peterson appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1977 s.coll. [s.n.] Crypsis schoenoides K000907271


    First published in Taxon 63: 1234 (2014)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
    • Hassler, M. (2012). Flora of Rhodes. Systematic list of flora of Rhodes
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Probatova, N.S. & al. (2006). Flora Rossi?skogo Dal'nego Vostoka. Dopolneniya i izmeneniya k izdaniyu Sosudistye rasteniya sovetskogo Dal'nego Vostoka t. 1-8 (1985-1996): 1-454. Russian academy of sciences Far Eastern branch.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
    • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
    • Roshevitz, R.J. & al. (eds.) (1950). Flora Kirgizskoi SSR 2: 1-315. Frunze : Izd-vo KirgizFAN SSSR.
    • Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
    • Fedtschenko, B.A. & al. (1932). Flora Turkmenii 1: 1-340. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.