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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Sporobolus R.Br.
      1. Sporobolus schoenoides (L.) P.M.Peterson

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia to Mozambique.

    [FWTA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

    Habit
    Annual with prostrate stems radiating from the root.
    [GB]
    Habit
    Annual. Culms decumbent; 1-30 cm long. Lateral branches ample. Leaf-sheaths outer margin glabrous. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Collar glabrous. Leaf-blades deciduous at the ligule; 0.5-12 cm long; 1-5 mm wide; stiff; glaucous. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; subtended by an inflated leaf-sheath, or a spatheole; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Panicle capitate; elliptic, or oblong; 0.5-3 cm long. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with lateral stumps on axis. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets sessile.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 2.5-4 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 2.5-4 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet. Lower glume lanceolate; 2.5-4 mm long; 0.9 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume primary vein eciliate. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume margins eciliate. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume lanceolate; 2.5-4 mm long; 0.9 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Upper glume primary vein eciliate. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume margins eciliate. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma lanceolate; laterally compressed; 2.5-4 mm long; membranous; keeled; 1 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea 2 -veined.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 0.9 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; ellipsoid to obovoid; 1.5 mm long; apex unappendaged.
    Distribution
    Europe: northern, central, southwestern, southeastern, and eastern. Africa: north, southern tropical, south, and western Indian ocean. Asia-temperate: Siberia, Soviet Middle Asia, Caucasus, western Asia, Arabia, China, and Mongolia. Asia-tropical: India. Australasia: Australia. North America: north-central USA, northeast USA, southwest USA, southeast USA, and Mexico.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. FTEA.
    [FTEA]

    Gramineae, W. D. Clayton, S. M. Phillips & S. A. Renvoize. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1974

    Habit
    Annual; culms profusely branched at the base, at first prostrate, finally ascending, 1–30 cm. high.
    Leaves
    Leaf-blades broadly linear, 0.5–12 cm. long, 1–5 mm. wide, glaucous, tapering to an acuminate tip.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence ellipsoid or ovoid, 0.5–3 cm. long, embraced at the base by 2 inflated distichous sheaths.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets lanceolate, 2.5–4 mm. long, laterally flattened, disarticulating below the floret; glumes narrowly lanceolate, ±2.5 mm. long, 1-nerved, stiffly ciliate on the keel; lemma lanceolate, as long as the spikelet; palea 2-nerved; anthers 3, 0.5–1 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Grain obovate-elliptic, 1.5 mm. long.
    Figures
    Fig. 99.
    Habitat
    Lake shore subject to flooding; 1000–1500 m.
    Distribution
    T2 T5 Mediterranean region and Sudan eastwards to N. Indiaisolated records from Senegal, Mozambique, Malawi and Madagascarintroduced to U.S.A.
    [FZ]

    Gramineae, T. Cope. Flora Zambesiaca 10:2. 1999

    Habit
    Annual; culms profusely branched at the base, at first prostrate, finally ascending, up to 75 cm long; leaf sheath margins and collar glabrous; leaf lamina 2–10 cm × 1–5 mm, glaucous, tapering to an acuminate apex.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence 0.3–7.5 cm long, ovoid to cylindrical, half or less embraced by the uppermost leaf sheaths.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets 2.7–3.2 mm long, lanceolate, tardily deciduous; glumes unequal, the inferior shorter than the superior, both slightly shorter than the lemma, glabrous on the margins; lemma as long as the spikelet, lanceolate; palea 2-nerved; anthers 0.7–1.1 mm long.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis 1–1.5 mm long.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    East Himalaya, Saudi Arabia

    Native to:

    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Belarus, Bulgaria, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., Egypt, France, Greece, Hungary, Inner Mongolia, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Malawi, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Niger, North Caucasus, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia

    Introduced into:

    Arizona, California, Delaware, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Madagascar, Mali, Masachusettes, Mauritania, Mexico Northwest, Michigan, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Primorye, Senegal, Utah, Vermont, Western Australia, Wisconsin

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Sporobolus schoenoides (L.) P.M.Peterson appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1977 s.coll. [s.n.] Crypsis schoenoides K000907271

    Bibliography

    First published in Taxon 63: 1234 (2014)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
    • Hassler, M. (2012). Flora of Rhodes. Systematic list of flora of Rhodes http://www.rz.uni-karlsruhe.de/~db111/flora/rhodos/list.php.
    • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Grubov, V.I. (2008). Key to the vascular plants of Mongolia (with an atlas) 2: 1-503. Academy of Sciences, Mongolian People's Republic, Ulaan Bator.
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Probatova, N.S. & al. (2006). Flora Rossi?skogo Dal'nego Vostoka. Dopolneniya i izmeneniya k izdaniyu Sosudistye rasteniya sovetskogo Dal'nego Vostoka t. 1-8 (1985-1996): 1-454. Russian academy of sciences Far Eastern branch.
    • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Conspectus Florae Caucasi 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
    • Mallett, K. (ed.) (2005). Flora of Australia 44B: 1-486. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Malyschev, L.I. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2001). Flora of Siberia 2: 1-362. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Fedorov, A.A. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Russia. The European part and bordering regions 1: 1-546. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam, Broekfield.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1985). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 9: 1-724. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980). Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Clayton, W.D., Phillips, S.M., Renvoize, S.A. (1974). Gramineae Flora of Tropical East Africa 2: 177-449.
    • Bor, N.L. (1968). Flora of Iraq 9: 1-588. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
    • Ovczinnikov, P.N. (ed.) (1957). Flora Tadzhikskoi SSR 1: 1-547. Izd-vo Akademii nauk SSSR, Moskva.
    • Roshevitz, R.J. & al. (eds.) (1950). Flora Kirgizskoi SSR 2: 1-315. Frunze : Izd-vo KirgizFAN SSSR.
    • Merkodovich, N.A. (ed.) (1941). Flora Uzbekistana 1: 1-566. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
    • Fedtschenko, B.A. & al. (1932). Flora Turkmenii 1: 1-340. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0