1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Louisiella C.E.Hubb. & J.Léonard
      1. Louisiella elephantipes (Nees ex Trin.) Zuloaga

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms 80-160 cm long; 10 mm diam.; rooting from lower nodes. Culm-nodes constricted; purple; glabrous. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Leaf-sheath oral hairs ciliate. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 2-3 mm long. Leaf-blade base broadly rounded. Leaf-blades 30-54 cm long; 11-20 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; dense; 15-30 cm long. Primary panicle branches ascending. Panicle branches scabrous. Spikelets appressed; in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 3.8-4.2 mm long; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets ovate; dorsally compressed; acuminate; 3.8-4.2 mm long; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; reaching apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 1-1.2 mm long; 0.25 length of spikelet; hyaline; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins obscure. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 3.8-4.7 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 5-7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; ovate; 3.8-4.7 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5-7 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma ovate; dorsally compressed; 3.5 mm long; coriaceous; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex acuminate. Palea involute; coriaceous.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3; 1.6-1.8 mm long; orange.
    Distribution
    North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Fl Costa Rica 1994.
    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Ecology
    Alt. 0 - 500 m.
    Habit
    Herb.
    Distribution
    Native from Colombia.
    Conservation
    Not Evaluated.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 500 m.; Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Valle del Magdalena.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [UPB]
    Gene Sources
    Crop wild relatives which may possess beneficial traits of value in breeding programmes (State of the World's Plants 2016).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Venezuela

    Louisiella elephantipes (Nees ex Trin.) Zuloaga appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Clayton, W.D. [4464], Brazil Panicum elephantipes K001101760
    Swallen, J.R. [5162], Brazil Panicum elephantipes K001101759
    Balansa, B. [21], Paraguay Panicum elephantipes K000309181
    Lowe, J. [4165], Brazil Panicum elephantipes K001101758
    Black, G.A. [52-14404], Brazil Panicum elephantipes K001101757
    Black, G.A. [52-14278], Brazil Panicum elephantipes K001101763
    Black [52/14404], Brazil Panicum elephantipes K001101762
    Black, A. [52], Brazil Panicum elephantipes K001101761

    First published in Syst. Bot. 39: 1113 (2014)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Scataglini, M.A., Lizarazu, M.A. & Zuloaga, F.O. (2014). A peculiar amphitropical genus of Paniceae (Poaceae, Panicoideae) Systematic Botany 39: 1108-1119.
    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0