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  1. Family: Apiaceae Lindl.
    1. Genus: Daucus L.
      1. Daucus incognitus (C.Norman) Spalik, Reduron & Banasiak

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Umbelliferae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

    Habit
    Annual and apparently also short-lived perennial herb, with a slender root-stock, sometimes rooting at the lower nodes, straggling or scrambling, 15–150 cm. tall.
    Stem
    Stem terete, pithy, striate, moderately to densely furnished with whitish, ± deflexed, tuberculate-based, strigose hairs, often purplish suffused, simple to rather sparingly branched.
    Leaves
    Lower and middle stem leaves 2(–3)-pinnate, the ultimate segments ± 2–8 × 1–4 mm., broadly oblong-elliptic or more rarely narrowly elliptic (when tripinnate), obtuse to acute, mucronate; lamina broadly oblong- or deltoid-ovate in outline, 6–15 × 4–8 cm.; petiole 3.5–13 cm., it and the rachis ± white pilose; sheaths narrowly oblong, striate, with yellowish-membranous, usually ciliate margins, 1–4 cm.; white, bristly hairs on the ± reflexed margins and primary venation of the lower surface of the leaflets, and more sparsely above; upper leaves short, more shortly petiolate or sessile on the sheaths.
    Inflorescences
    Peduncles of umbels usually long, 2–27 cm., considerably furnished with deflexed, broad-based bristly hairs especially below the umbel; umbel dense, 0.8–3 cm. in diameter, the rays when present 6–12, very short (usually to ± 2 mm., one specimen seen to 12 mm.) and densely pilose, but frequently ± obsolete and the umbel appearing simple; involucre of 6–8(–10) linear, ciliate, pale-margined, 4–5 mm. bracts.
    Flowers
    Flowers ± 2–6 in each partial umbel, on 2–5(–8) mm., glabrous or hairy pedicels, the outer flowers usually hermaphrodite and the inner ♂; involucel similar to the involucre, of 3–6 bracteoles, 3–4 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx-teeth distinct, lanceolate.
    Corolla
    Petals ± 0.75 mm., greenish to white or creamy white, or sometimes purplish black even in the same colony.
    Fruits
    Fruit oblong-ellipsoid, 4–7 mm., the spines of the secondary ribs pale to blackish purple; stylopodia conical; styles short, recurved or divergent, subequalling the stylopodia or rarely up to ± twice as long. Fruiting pedicels ± thickened and angular at maturity.
    Figures
    Fig. 9.
    Habitat
    A locally common species of upland grassland, montane forest margins and clearings or in deep shade in damp places, also by road and tracksides in hedges and ditches, near marshes and as a weed of agriculture; 900–3000 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 K5 K6 T2 T3 T6 T7 U1 U2 U3
    [FZ]

    Umbelliferae, J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

    Habit
    An annual to short-lived perennial, straggling to semi-climbing herb up to 2 m., with a slender taproot.
    Stem
    Stem terete, striate, often tinged with purple especially in the lower parts, generally rather sparsely branched, with numerous tubercle-based downward-pointing bristles.
    Leaves
    Leaves 2-pinnatisect, the ultimate segments shallowly to deeply lobed, 2–5 mm. wide, ovate, rather variable but always broader than those of A. pedunculata, shortly acuminate at the apex; leaf bases sheathing with a distinct membranous margin; lamina with numerous white bristles on the veins of the inferior surface, these also present on the superior surface but less numerous.
    Inflorescences
    Umbels subcapitate, terminal and lateral on long stalks up to 45 cm., with bristly hairs especially towards the apex, becoming scabrid below due to the persistent hair-bases.
    Bracts
    Bracts numerous, lanceolate to linear, fringed with white hairs; rays of umbels up to 7 mm. long, sparsely hairy.
    Flowers
    Outer flowers hermaphrodite, the inner and central usually male.
    Corolla
    Petals greenish or yellowish-white, sometimes tinged with pink.
    Fruits
    Fruit 5–7 × 1.5–2·0 mm., narrowly oblong-ellipsoid. Primary ribs with 2–3 rows of irregularly spreading hairs. Secondary ribs with a single row of stout glochidiate spines.
    Stylopodium
    Stylopodium shortly conical; styles c. 0.5 mm. long, short and stiff.
    Vittae
    Vittae well developed, situated under the secondary ribs and in the commissural face.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Daucus incognitus (C.Norman) Spalik, Reduron & Banasiak appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2009 Tiyoy, L. [1481], Uganda Agrocharis incognita K000545484
    Dec 18, 2007 Naiga [15], Uganda Agrocharis incognita K000449405
    Jul 1, 2002 Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 28444], Cameroon Agrocharis incognita K000051435
    Jul 1, 2002 Hepper, F.N. [1967], Cameroon Agrocharis incognita K000051433
    Jul 1, 2002 Maitland, T.D. [1440], Cameroon Agrocharis incognita K000051439
    Jul 1, 2002 Boughey, A.S. [GC 10996], Cameroon Agrocharis incognita K000051430
    Jul 1, 2002 Meurillon, A. [CNAD 132], Cameroon Agrocharis incognita K000051423
    Jul 1, 2002 Mann G. [2008], Cameroon Agrocharis incognita K000051438 Unknown type material
    Jul 1, 2002 Mann G. [1243], Cameroon Agrocharis incognita K000051437 Unknown type material
    Jul 1, 2002 Brunt, M.A. [596], Cameroon Agrocharis incognita K000051427
    Jul 1, 2002 Jackson G. [2513 b], Cameroon Agrocharis incognita K000051426
    Jan 1, 2002 Keay, R.W.J. [37494], Cameroon Agrocharis incognita K000051428
    Jan 1, 2002 Maitland, T.D. [1300], Cameroon Agrocharis incognita K000051436
    Jan 1, 2002 Maitland, T.D. [70], Cameroon Agrocharis incognita K000051440
    Jan 1, 2002 Maitland, T.D. [956], Cameroon Agrocharis incognita K000051441
    Jan 1, 2002 Maitland, T.D. [837], Cameroon Agrocharis incognita K000051442
    Jan 1, 2002 Maitland, T.D. [837], Cameroon Agrocharis incognita K000051443
    Jan 1, 2002 Brenan, J.P.M. [9539], Cameroon Agrocharis incognita K000051432
    Jan 1, 2002 Johnston, H.H. [76], Cameroon Agrocharis incognita K000051444
    Jan 1, 2002 Dunlap [37], Cameroon Agrocharis incognita K000051445

    Bibliography

    First published in Taxon 65: 578 (2016)

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Van Wyk, B.-E., Tilney, P.M. & Magee, A.R. (2013). African Apiaceae: a synopsis of the Apiaceae/Umbelliferae of Sub-Saharan Africa and Madagascar: 1- 317. Briza Academic Books, Pretoria.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0