1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Zaqiqah P.M.Peterson & Romasch.
      1. Zaqiqah mucronata (Forssk.) P.M.Peterson & Romasch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to Somalia, SW. Arabian Peninsula.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; mat forming. Cataphylls evident. Rhizomes elongated. Culms geniculately ascending; 15-200 cm long. Lateral branches suffrutescent. Leaves cauline; distichous. Leaf-sheaths mostly shorter than adjacent culm internode. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades flat, or involute; 1-3 cm long; 2-4 mm wide; coriaceous; stiff; glaucous. Leaf-blade surface ribbed. Leaf-blade apex acute; pungent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Racemes 3-10; borne along a central axis; closely spaced; in a head; unilateral; 0.3-1 cm long; bearing few fertile spikelets. Central inflorescence axis 1-2 cm long. Rhachis subterete. Spikelet packing broadside to rhachis; crowded. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels filiform; 0.5-1 mm long.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 4-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; compressed slightly; 6-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pilose; obtuse.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 4-10 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; compressed slightly; 6-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; pilose; obtuse.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 0.6-0.7 length of upper glume; scarious; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 0.6-0.8 length of adjacent fertile lemma; scarious; without keels; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma ovate; 4.3-5 mm long; membranous; without keel; 3 -veined. Lemma midvein ciliate; hairy below. Lemma lateral veins close to margins. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma hairs 1-1.5 mm long. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; mucronate. Palea 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels scaberulous. Palea surface pubescent. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free soft pericarp; ellipsoid.
    Distribution
    Africa: northeast tropical. Asia-temperate: Arabia.
    Reference
    Eragrostideae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Doubtfully present in:

    Saudi Arabia

    Native to:

    Eritrea, Somalia, Yemen

    Zaqiqah mucronata (Forssk.) P.M.Peterson & Romasch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Waring, J. [51], Yemen Odyssea mucronata K000907453

    First published in Taxon 65: 1279 (2016)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Cope, T.A., Knees, S.G. & Miller, A.G. (2007). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 5(1): 1-387. Edinburgh University Press.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1995). Flora of Somalia 4: i-ii, 1-298. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/