1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Tzveleviochloa Röser & A.Wölk
      1. Tzveleviochloa burmanica (Bor) Röser & A.Wölk

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Myanmar.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 50-100 cm long. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 3 mm long; lacerate. Leaf-blades 10-20 cm long; 3-5 mm wide; flaccid. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or pubescent. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate; pungent.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; nodding; 12-24 cm long; 6-12 cm wide. Primary panicle branches 6-12 cm long. Panicle branches scabrous; rough distally; glabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 9-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 2-5 mm long; pilose.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 9-10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Rhachilla internodes 2-5 mm long; pilose.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 4-4.5 mm long; 0.75 length of upper glume; membranous; much thinner on margins; 1-keeled; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume elliptic; 5.5-6.5 mm long; 0.8-1 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; with hyaline margins; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma elliptic; 6.5 mm long; cartilaginous; much thinner on margins; without keel; 5 -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous; rough above. Lemma apex dentate; 2 -fid; setaceously attenuate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn dorsal; arising 0.66 way up back of lemma; curved; 9-10 mm long overall. Palea 6-6.5 mm long. Palea keels pubescent. Apical sterile florets rudimentary.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2. Anthers 3; 1.5 mm long. Ovary pubescent on apex.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; hairy at apex. Hilum linear.
    Distribution
    Asia-tropical: Indo-China.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Bor 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Myanmar

    Tzveleviochloa burmanica (Bor) Röser & A.Wölk appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 1982 Su Koe [9962], Myanmar Helictotrichon burmanicum K000032253 holotype

    First published in Taxon 66: 38 (2017)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0