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This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Medit. to S. Pakistan and Senegal, Angola, Arabian Peninsula.
Arthrocaulon macrostachyum

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Much branched shrub, 0.3–1 m high; stems erect to ascending, sometimes rooting at base
Morphology Stem
Internodes cylindrical or club-shaped, up to 7 mm long, glaucous, free leaf-tips forming short wide 2-lobed cupule
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowering branches erect with terminal, cylindrical, obtuse spikes 30–60 x 3–4 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in 3’s, protruding by up to 1/3rd the length of the internode
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth 3-dentate, conical
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pericarp membranous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed c. 1 mm long, black, shining, densely papillate, verrucose on back.
Distribution
N1–3; S1 Mediterranean coasts, Red Sea coasts, extending north to Jordan Valley.
Ecology
Altitude range: near sea level–400 m.
Vernacular
Horun (Somali)
Note
This species has a confused nomenclatural history which is set out more fully than usual.

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Angola, Baleares, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Egypt, Eritrea, France, Greece, Gulf States, Iran, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sicilia, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, Spain, Sudan, Tunisia, Turkey, Western Sahara, Yemen, Yugoslavia

Arthrocaulon macrostachyum (Moric.) Piirainen & G.Kadereit appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Nov 1, 2015 Rechninger, K.H. [374], France Arthrocnemum macrostachyum K000608112

First published in Taxon 66: 123 (2017)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedge, I.C., Akhani, H., Freitag, H., Kothe-Heinrich, G., Podlech, D., Rilke, S. & Uotila, P. (1997). Flora Iranica 172: 1-371. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Miller, A.G. & Cope, T.A. (1996). Flora of the Arabian peninsula and Socotra 1: 1-586. Edinburgh university press.
  • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman) Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Thulin, M. (ed.) (1993). Flora of Somalia 1: 1-493. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/