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  1. Family: Asparagaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Dracaena Vand. ex L.
      1. Dracaena trifasciata (Prain) Mabb.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Nigeria to W. Central Tropical Africa. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders and has environmental uses.

    [FWTA]

    Agavaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

    Habit
    Erect herb with transversely barred
    Leaves
    Leaves 2-21/2 ft. long.
    [FTEA]

    Dracenaceae, Geoffrey Mwachala & Paul Mbugua, Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

    Habit
    Acaulescent herb with subterranean rhizome
    Leaves
    Leaves very erect, 1–2(–6), linearlanceolate, 30–120 × 2.5–7 cm, banded on both surfaces from base to apex, very distinct light dull green or clear whitish-green and deep grass-green to almost blackish-green, overspread with slight glaucous bloom, margins narrow, grey-green (var. {i}trifasciata{/i}) or golden yellow (var. laurentii{/i})
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence (30–)40–75 cm high, axes 0.3–0.8 cm thick; flowers (1–)3–4 per cluster; pedicels 0.5–0.8 cm long, pedicels upward-curved
    Flowers
    Flowers pale greenish or greenish-white, perianth 1.9–2.3 cm long
    Fruits
    Fruit a bright orange globose berry, 0.8 cm diameter, 1–3-seeded
    Note
    var. {i}trifasciata {/i}has been cultivated in Kenya, Nairobi: Eastleigh, St. Theresas Catholic Church, 12 Dec. 1971, {i}Mwangangi & Kasyoki {/i}1891a! var. {i}laurentii {/i}N.E.Br. has been cultivated in Kenya, Nairobi: Eastleigh near St Theresa Catholic Church., 12 Dec. 1971, {i}Mwangangi & Kasyoki {/i}1891b!
    [UPB]

    The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

    Ecology
    Alt. 100 - 2000 m.
    Distribution
    Cultivated in Colombia.
    Habit
    Herb.
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 100 - 2000 m.; Andes, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico.
    Habit
    Hierba
    [UPB]
    Environmental
    Environmental uses (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Fibres
    Leaves - Potentially used to make rope (Correa & Bernal 1989).
    Unspecified Materials Chemicals
    Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
    Unspecified Medicinal Disorders
    Medicinal (Instituto Humboldt 2014).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Andaman Is., Ascension, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Canary Is., Caroline Is., Chagos Archipelago, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Ecuador, Fiji, Florida, Galápagos, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, India, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Malaya, Marianas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Myanmar, Nauru, Niue, Norfolk Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Seychelles, Society Is., Solomon Is., Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuelan Antilles, Wake I., Windward Is.

    Synonyms

    Common Names

    Spanish
    Lengua de suegra, serpentaria, curarina.

    Other Data

    Dracaena trifasciata (Prain) Mabb. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 19, 1994 Talbot, P.A. Mr [s.n.], Nigeria Sansevieria trifasciata K000499555 Unknown type material
    Nov 14, 1983 Mwangangi, O. [1891], Kenya Sansevieria trifasciata K000203832
    Oct 27, 1911 s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria trifasciata K000499556 Unknown type material
    Coode, M.J.E. [4020], Mauritius Sansevieria trifasciata K000204176
    Cabalion, P. [2485bis], Vanuatu Sansevieria trifasciata K000204314
    Lau, J. [1274] Sansevieria trifasciata K000204313
    Lau, J. [2852] Sansevieria trifasciata K000204317
    s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria trifasciata K000204312
    s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria trifasciata K000204315
    s.coll. [s.n.] Sansevieria trifasciata K000204316

    Bibliography

    First published in Mabberley's Pl.-Book, ed. 4: 1101 (2017)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2019). World Checklist of Vascular Plants (WCVP Database) The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Franck, A.R., Anderson, L.C., Burkhalter, J.R. & Dickman, S. (2016). Additions to the flora of Florida, U.S.A. (2010-2015) Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 10: 175-190.
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • National Parks Board Singapore (2006). Vascular Plant Life Checklist Pulau Ubin www.nparks.gov.sg/nparks_cms/cms/cmsmgr/data/6/PlantChkList.xls.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Fournet, J. (2002). Flore illustrée des phanérogames de Guadeloupe et de Martinique 2: 1325-2538. Gondwana editions.
    • Liogier, H.A. & Martorell, L.F. (2000). Flora of Puerto Rico and Adjacent Islands: a Systematic Synopsis ed. 2: 1-382. Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, San Juan.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánes, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador: 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
    • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
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    • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
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    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Useful Plants of Boyacá Project
    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/