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  1. Family: Araceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Anthurium Schott
      1. Species: Anthurium bonplandii G.S.Bunting
        1. Anthurium bonplandii subsp. bonplandii

        This subspecies is accepted, and its native range is French Guiana, SE. Colombia to NW. Brazil.

    [CATE]

    CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011. araceae.e-monocot.org

    Distribution
    Anthurium bonplandii subsp. bonplandii ranges from southeastern Colombia (Vaupés, Meta, Guainia, and Amazonas) east to Venezuela and Brazil in the middle and upper Río Orinoco Basin, the upper Río Negro, and the Río Trombetas, and south to the states of Amazonas, Pará, and Roraima in Brazil.
    Habitat
    It is predominantly terrestrial in sandy areas or, less frequently, is found growing on rocks or in open savanna areas, or in primary forest. In Brazil, it has been reported from "caatinga" forest or "campina abierta." In Venezuela it occurs mostly in a tropical moist forest life zone.
    General Description
    Terrestrial, rarely epilithic or epiphytic; stem 10-20 cm long, 1-4 cm diam.; roots descending and spreading, sometimes ascending when epiphytic and forming a globose "ant garden," grayish brown when dried and with raphide cells, reportedly with velamen, 5-28 cm long, drying 3-5 mm diam.; cataphylls subcoriaceous, 2-13 cm long, acute at apex, green, drying pale brown, persisting intact or as weathered fibers, once reported to be deciduous. LEAVES erect-spreading; petioles (6)l0-35 cm long, 3-20 mm diam., D-shaped, often broader than thick, flattened to broadly concave and occasionally with a medial rib adaxially, rounded to 4-ribbed abaxially; geniculum slightly thicker than petiole, 0.5-1 .5 cm long, sheathing in lower ? to ? of the petiole; blades coriaceous, elliptic to broadly elliptic, rarely somewhat oblanceolate, acute to acuminate at apex (the acumen ± flat or slightly inrolled), usually acute to attenuate (sometimes barely rounded) at base, (10)30-75(100) cm long, (5)l0-30(40) cm wide, broadest at or near the middle, the margins usually flat; upper surface glossy to semiglossy, dark green, lower surface ± matte, paler, usually pustular or glandular-punctate; midrib prominently convex above and below, somewhat raised on both surfaces when dried, glossy, paler than surface below; primary lateral veins (6)7-l0(15) per side, departing midrib at (25)45-70° angle, usually arcuate-ascending to the margin, sometimes loop-connecting (especially in the upper 1/2 to ?of the blade), raised on both sides; interprimary veins very few, obscure when dried; tertiary veins sunken above, raised on both surfaces when dried; collective vein arising from about the middle to the upper ? of blade, 3-15 mm from margin; antimarginal vein arising from the base and continuous with margin. INFLORESCENCES ± erect, equal to, shorter than, or longer than leaves; peduncle (18)30-90 cm long, 2-15 mm diam., l.5-9(12) x as long as petiole, green, ± terete or slightly flattened on one side; spathe spreading-reflexed to reflexed, subcoriaceous, pale green, often with purple nerves or suffused violet-brown, linear-lanceolate to lanceolate, 5-16 cm long, 0.5-2.5 cm wide, broadest near the base, narrowly acute to acuminate at apex (acumen 10 mm long), decurrent at base; stipe 4-23 mm long in front, 3-20 mm long in back; spadix dark purple to reddish at anthesis, grayish green to brown post-anthesis, mostly cylindroid, slightly tapered at apex, erect, (3)5-15(17) cm long, 1-4(6) mm diam. near apex, 3-9 mm diam. near base; flowers rhombic to 4-lobed, (1.8)2.2-2.8 mm long, (1.6)1.8-2.4 mm wide, the sides ± straight or somewhat jaggedly sigmoid, 3-7(8) flowers visible in principal spiral, 5-7 in alternate spiral; tepals pale-punctate, smooth to minutely papillate; lateral tepals 1.2-1.8 mm wide, the inner margins rounded, the outer margins ± straight, 2-sided; pistils emergent, somewhat papillate; stigma squarish to rounded, 1.2 mm long, depressed medially; lateral stamens preceding the alternates by 6-20 spirals; anthers yellowish white, 0.6-0.8 mm long, 0.7-1 mm wide, inclined over and obscuring the pistil; thecae oblong to somewhat triangular, slightly divaricate. INFRUCTESCENCE with spathe withered or absent; spadix (5)8-25(35) cm long, 1-2 cm diam., bearing berries in the basal portion only, stipe 5-15 cm long; berries purple, white at base, obovoid, obtuse-truncate at apex, 5-7 mm long, 5-6 mm diam.; pericarp very thickened, with raphide cells; seeds 1-2 per berry, 4-5 mm long, 2-4 mm-diam., with mucilage on one end but hanging on to carpel wall by thick band of fibers.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, Colombia, French Guiana, Venezuela

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Anthurium bonplandii subsp. bonplandii appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2008 Projeto Flora Cristalino [441], Mato Grosso K000578850
    Mar 20, 2004 Milliken, W. [2181], Roraima K000482016
    Mar 20, 2004 Milliken, W. [2181], Roraima K000482017
    Jan 1, 1990 Cid-Ferreira, C.A. [9233], Roraima K000482015
    Oct 1, 1988 Huber, O. [12.080], Venezuela K000457089
    Jan 1, 1988 Croat, T.B. [59627], Venezuela K000457087
    Jan 1, 1987 Boom, B.M. [5327], Venezuela K000457088
    Jan 1, 1986 Madison, M.T. [6311], Amazonas K000482014
    Jan 1, 1986 Zarucchi, J.L. [2047], Colombia K000458008
    Jan 1, 1986 Lister, J.R.A. [2043], Venezuela K000457084
    Jan 1, 1986 Lister, J.R.A. [2043], Venezuela K000457085
    Bunting, G.S. [4255], Venezuela K000458001
    Bunting, G.S. [4255], Venezuela K000458002
    Bunting, G.S. [4239], Venezuela K000458003
    Bunting, G.S. [3540], Venezuela K000458004
    Bunting, G.S. [3540], Venezuela K000458005
    Bunting, G.S. [3540], Venezuela K000458006

    Bibliography

    Accepted by

    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Govaerts, R. & Frodin, D.G. (2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Araceae (and Acoraceae): 1-560. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    CATE Araceae
    Haigh, A., Clark, B., Reynolds, L., Mayo, S.J., Croat, T.B., Lay, L., Boyce, P.C., Mora, M., Bogner, J., Sellaro, M., Wong, S.Y., Kostelac, C., Grayum, M.H., Keating, R.C., Ruckert, G., Naylor, M.F. and Hay, A., CATE Araceae, 17 Dec 2011.
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/