1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthoxanthum L.
      1. Anthoxanthum brunonis (Hook.f.) ined.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is New Zealand South Island, Antipodean Islands.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped loosely. Culms 25-50 cm long; 3 -noded. Leaf-sheaths 4-20 cm long; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 5 mm long; obtuse. Leaf-blades convolute; 7-30 cm long; 4-8 mm wide; coriaceous. Leaf-blade venation comprising 25 vascular bundles. Leaf-blade surface ribbed; with rectangular ribs; glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; bracteate at branch bases (a few lower branches). Panicle open; elliptic; dense; nodding; 5-10 cm long. Primary panicle branches 2 -nate. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 2-5 mm long; puberulous to villous; hairy above.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 12-14 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 12-14 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; shiny. Lower glume ovate; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute; mucronate. Upper glume ovate; 12-14 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute; mucronate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; male; with palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 7 mm long; chartaceous; much thinner above; light brown; 1-keeled; pubescent on midvein; ciliate on margins; erose; obtuse; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret dorsal; arising 0.6 way up back of lemma; straight; 6 mm long. Lemma of upper sterile floret oblong; 1 length of lower sterile floret; chartaceous; pubescent on midvein; ciliate on margins; erose; obtuse; awned. Awn of upper sterile floret dorsal; arising 0.6 way up back of lemma; straight; 6 mm long. Fertile lemma ovate; 5 mm long; cartilaginous; without keel. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex pubescent; mucronate. Principal lemma awn subapical; 1 mm long overall. Palea elliptic; without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 2 (bisexual), or 3 (male); 3 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Australasia: New Zealand.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Zotov 1994.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Antipodean Is., New Zealand South

    Anthoxanthum brunonis (Hook.f.) ined. appears in other Kew resources:

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0