1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Anthoxanthum L.
      1. Anthoxanthum cupreum (Zotov) ined.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is New Zealand.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped densely. Culms 30-60 cm long; 3-4 -noded. Leaf-sheaths 5-20 cm long; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 1-2 mm long. Leaf-blades 20-40 cm long; 6-12 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation comprising 30 vascular bundles. Leaf-blade surface ribbed; with rounded ribs; scabrous; rough adaxially; glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 10-20 cm long. Primary panicle branches spreading, or drooping; 1-2 -nate. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 5-10 mm long; puberulous to villous; hairy above.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 7.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 7.5 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets; thinner than fertile lemma; shiny. Lower glume ovate; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acute; mucronate. Upper glume ovate; 7.5 mm long; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute; mucronate.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets similar; male; with palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret oblong; 6 mm long; chartaceous; light brown; 1-keeled; pubescent on midvein; ciliate on margins; erose; obtuse; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret dorsal; arising 0.75 way up back of lemma; straight; 3-6 mm long. Lemma of upper sterile floret oblong; 1 length of lower sterile floret; chartaceous; pubescent on midvein; ciliate on margins; erose; obtuse; awned. Awn of upper sterile floret dorsal; arising 0.75 way up back of lemma; straight; 3-6 mm long. Fertile lemma ovate; 3.5 mm long; cartilaginous; shiny; without keel. Lemma surface scabrous; rough above; with conspicuous apical hairs. Lemma margins convolute; covering most of palea. Lemma apex mucronate. Principal lemma awn subapical. Palea elliptic; without keels.
    Flowers
    Anthers 2 (bisexual), or 3 (male); 2 mm long. Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Distribution
    Australasia: New Zealand.
    Reference
    Aveneae. Zotov 1994.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    New Zealand North, New Zealand South

    Anthoxanthum cupreum (Zotov) ined. appears in other Kew resources:

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Edgar, E & Connor, H.E. (2010). Flora of New Zealand, ed. 2, 5: 1-650. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0