1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cenchrus L.
      1. Cenchrus beckeroides (Leeke) ined.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short. Culms erect; 100-200 cm long. Lateral branches ample. Leaf-sheaths pilose; with tubercle-based hairs. Ligule a ciliate membrane; 1-2 mm long. Leaf-blades 15-35 cm long; 4-6 mm wide; light green. Leaf-blade surface glabrous. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Synflorescence compound; scanty. Inflorescence a panicle; terminal and axillary. Panicle spiciform; linear; 5-8 cm long; 0.6-0.7 cm wide. Primary panicle branches accrescent to a central axis; with lateral stumps on axis. Panicle axis with rounded ribs; scaberulous; bearing deciduous spikelet clusters. Spikelets subtended by an involucre. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Involucre composed of bristles; oblong; 0.5-3 mm long; base truncate. Involucral bristles deciduous with the fertile spikelets; few; 3-5 in principal whorl; with one conspicuously longer bristle; 3-3.5 mm long; terete; flexible; glabrous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or oblong; dorsally compressed; obtuse to acute; 3-3.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate, or oblong; dorsally compressed; obtuse to acute; 3-3.5 mm long; falling entire; deciduous with accessory branch structures.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 1 mm long; 0.3 length of spikelet; hyaline; without keels; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume margins ciliolate. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 2 mm long; 0.66 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 5 -veined; acute. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 3-3.5 mm long; membranous; without keel; 3-5 -veined. Lemma margins flat. Lemma apex acute. Palea membranous.
    Flowers
    Lodicules absent. Anthers 3; 2 mm long; anther tip smooth. Styles free to the base.
    Distribution
    Africa: northeast tropical.
    Reference
    Paniceae. FTA 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia

    Cenchrus beckeroides (Leeke) ined. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Schimper [38], Ethiopia Pennisetum beckeroides K000281129 isotype

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 7: 1-430. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0