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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pseudopogonatherum A.Camus
      1. Pseudopogonatherum trispicatum (Schult.) Ohwi

        This species is accepted, and its native range is China (Yunnan) to Tropical Asia and Queensland.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose; clumped densely. Butt sheaths glabrous. Culms erect; 30-120 cm long. Ligule a ciliate membrane. Leaf-blades 10-30 cm long; 2-5 mm wide. Leaf-blade surface glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence composed of racemes. Peduncle glabrous, or pubescent above. Racemes 2-16; digitate; 5-15 cm long. Rhachis fragile at the nodes; villous on margins. Rhachis hairs white. Rhachis internodes linear; 0.25 length of fertile spikelet. Rhachis internode tip transverse. Spikelets in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile and pedicelled; 2 in the cluster. Pedicels linear; angular; villous.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 3.5-4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus base obtuse; attached transversely.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; dorsally compressed; 3.5-4 mm long; falling entire; deciduous from the base, or with accessory branch structures. Spikelet callus base obtuse; attached transversely.
    Glume
    Glumes dissimilar; exceeding apex of florets; firmer than fertile lemma. Lower glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; coriaceous; much thinner above; dark brown; 2-keeled; keeled above. Lower glume surface flat; pilose. Lower glume hairs white. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume oblong; 1 length of spikelet; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface pilose. Upper glume muticous.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret 1 length of spikelet; hyaline; 0 -veined; without midvein; without lateral veins; ciliate on margins. Fertile lemma hyaline; without keel. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; incised 0.5 of lemma length; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 7-15 mm long overall; with twisted column. Column of lemma awn glabrous. Palea absent or minute.
    Flowers
    Anthers 3.
    Distribution
    Asia-temperate: China. Asia-tropical: India, Indo-China, Malesia, and Papuasia. Australasia: Australia.
    Reference
    Andropogoneae. WDC.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, East Himalaya, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Pseudopogonatherum trispicatum (Schult.) Ohwi appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kerr, A.F.G. [3091], Thailand Eulalia trispicata K000620342
    Kerr, A.F.G. [3473], Thailand Eulalia trispicata K000620343
    Kerr, A.F.G. [7737], Thailand Eulalia trispicata K000620344
    Kerr, A.F.G. [9724], Thailand Eulalia trispicata K000688503
    Kerr, A.F.G. [9724], Thailand Eulalia trispicata K000620345
    Kerr, A.F.G. [19256], Thailand Eulalia trispicata K000620346
    Kerr, A.F.G. [17655], Thailand Eulalia trispicata K000620347
    Kerr, A.F.G. [8215], Thailand Eulalia trispicata K000620348
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13702], Thailand Eulalia trispicata K000620349
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13702], Thailand Eulalia trispicata K000620350
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13900], Thailand Eulalia trispicata K000620351
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13900], Thailand Eulalia trispicata K000620352
    Kerr, A.F.G. [11332], Thailand Eulalia trispicata K000620353
    Kerr, A.F.G. [11332], Thailand Eulalia trispicata K000620354
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13557], Thailand Eulalia trispicata K000620355
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13557], Thailand Eulalia trispicata K000620356
    Kerr, A.F.G. [13557], Thailand Eulalia trispicata K000620357
    Strachey, R. [4], India Eulalia trispicata K000943488
    Smitinand, T. [3619], Thailand Eulalia trispicata K000688536
    Smitinand, T. [3681], Thailand Eulalia trispicata K000688538
    Hohenacker, R.F. [279], India Eulalia trispicata K000245574 isotype
    Domin, K. [s.n.], Queensland Eulalia trispicata K000943474 isotype
    Wallich, N. [8811], Nepal Eulalia trispicata K000245573 isotype
    Wallich, N. [s.n.], Nepal Eulalia trispicata K000943492
    Smitinand [6561], Thailand Eulalia trispicata K000688537
    md Haniff [2946], Thailand Eulalia trispicata K000688535

    Bibliography

    First published in Bull. Tokyo Sci. Mus. 18: 3 (1947)

    Not accepted by

    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Eulalia trispicata.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Kandwal, M.K. & Gupta, B.K. (2009). An update on grass flora of Uttarkhand Indian Journal of Forestry 32: 657-668.
    • Ahmed, Z.U. (ed.) (2008). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh 12: 1-505. Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2006). Poaceae Flora of China 22: 1-733. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Noltie, H.J. (2000). Flora of Bhutan 3(2): 457-883. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
    • Press, J.R. et al. (2000). Annotated Checklist of the Flowering Plants of Nepal: i-x, 1-430. Natural History Museum, London.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1994). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 8: 1-458. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.
    • Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. (1989). Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae: 1-435. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta.
    • Cope, T.A. (1982). Flora of Pakistan 143: 1-678. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
    • Gilliland, H.B. (1971). A revised flora of Malaya 3: 1-319. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
    • Camus, E.G. & Camus, A. in H. Lecomte (1922). Flore Générale de l'indo-Chine 1(3): 193-336.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0