1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Pseudopentameris Conert
      1. Pseudopentameris obtusifolia (Hochst.) N.P.Barker

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Cape Prov.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Culms decumbent; 20-50 cm long; woody. Lateral branches ample. Leaf-sheaths tight; 7 cm long. Ligule a fringe of hairs. Leaf-blades convolute; 50-150 cm long; 2-4 mm wide; coriaceous; stiff. Leaf-blade surface ribbed.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted; lanceolate; 70-130 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 20-26 mm long; 5-10 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent; obtuse; disarticulating obliquely.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2 fertile florets; with a barren rhachilla extension. Spikelets lanceolate; laterally compressed; 20-26 mm long; 5-10 mm wide; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus pubescent; obtuse; disarticulating obliquely.
    Glume
    Glumes persistent; similar; exceeding apex of florets. Lower glume lanceolate; 18-25 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins distinct. Lower glume apex acuminate. Upper glume lanceolate; 18-25 mm long; 2.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1-keeled; 3 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins distinct. Upper glume apex acuminate.
    Florets
    Fertile lemma oblong; 7-9 mm long; membranous; without keel; 7-9 -veined. Lemma surface pilose. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; incised 0.5 of lemma length; acuminate; awned; 3 -awned. Principal lemma awn from a sinus; geniculate; 15-18 mm long overall; with twisted column. Lateral lemma awns arising on inner edge of lobes; 5-7 mm long; shorter than principal. Palea oblong; 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea surface pubescent; hairy on back and on flanks.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; ciliate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with free brittle pericarp.
    Distribution
    Africa: south.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Chippindall.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cape Provinces

    Pseudopentameris obtusifolia (Hochst.) N.P.Barker appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Burchell [8076], South Africa Pentameris obtusifolia K000367079

    First published in Bothalia 25: 145 (1995)

    Accepted by

    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0