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This species is accepted, and its native range is Thailand.

[KBu]

Jenjittikul, T., Ruchisansakun, S. Kaempferia albiflora (Zingiberaceae), a new species from Thailand. 2020. Kew Bull 75, 13 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12225-020-9868-4

Conservation
Endangered (B2ab(iii)) (IUCN 2012). Kaempferia albiflora was found in only three localities with an area of occupancy <100 km2. All localities are outside protected areas and close to community areas and highways. The area, extent, and quality of habitats were assessed as suffering continuing decline from urban development and climate change.
Ecology
Mixed deciduous forest with bamboo and dipterocarps.
Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb, 12 – 15 cm tall
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 2 – 3, erect, lanceolate, 10 – 15 × 4 – 6 cm, base cuneate, apex acute, upper surface glabrous, green or purplish green, lower surface pubescent, green or purple
Morphology Leaves Ligules
Ligule truncate, c. 1 mm long, membranous
Morphology Leaves Petiole
Petiole 1 – 1.5 cm long
Morphology Leaves Leaf sheaths
Bladeless leaf sheaths 2 – 3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers nocturnal-Calyx 4.2 – 4.6 cm long, split c. 1.2 cm on one side
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anther crest quadrangular, c. 9 × 8 mm, trilobed, c. 1/31/3 deep, the midlobe shorter than the lateral ones, white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Staminodes
Lateral staminodes elliptic, apex acute, 3.2 – 3.5 × 1.3 – 1.7 cm, white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla tube 3 – 5 cm long, lobes white; dorsal corolla lobe oblong, apex acute and hooded, 3 – 3.8 × 0.7 cm, hood c. 3 mm long; lateral corolla lobes oblong, apex acute with short hood, 3 – 3.5 × c. 0.65 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary elliptic, c. 5 × 2 – 3 × 1.5 – 2 mm, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma cup-shaped, 1.5 – 1.7 mm wide, ostiole ciliate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Stylodial glands linear, c. 8 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Labellum obtriangular, 3.3 – 3.5 × 3.5 cm, bilobed, the length of the split between the lobes 2.3 – 2.5 cm deep (c. 2/32/3 deep), lobes subobovate, imbricate, c. 2.3 × 1.8 cm, apex rounded, white with yellowish patch at base, sometimes with purplish tint at base. Anther sacs oblong, c. 7 × 2.5 mm, white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid, c. 2 × 1.3 cm, whitish green
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence appearing before the vegetative parts, ovoid to elongate ovoid, 3 – 4 × 0.5 – 1.5 cm, sessile or with short peduncle. Bracts ovate, apex bilobed, c. 7 × 2.2 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteole narrowly lanceolate, up to 2 × 0.3 cm, white
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed obovoid, c. 4 mm long, pale brown, with white aril.
Note
Flowering April – June. Flowers open from 18.00 – 06.00 h. Leaves emerge July – October.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome globose, 1.2 – 1.7 × 1.5 – 1.8 cm, brown, with fascicled tuberous roots, fusiform, 3 – 4 × 1 – 1.5 cm, pale brown
Vernacular
Proh mang mum.

[KBu]
Use
Used as an ornamental plant.

Native to:

Thailand

Kaempferia albiflora Jenjitt. & Ruchis. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Kew Bull. 75(1)-13: 1 (2020)

Literature

Kew Bulletin

  • Horaninow, P. (1862). Kaempferia. In: P. Horaninow (ed.), Prodromus Monographiae Scitaminearum Additis Nonnullis de Phytographia, de Monocotyleis et Orchideis. Petropoli, Saint Petersburg.
  • IUCN (2012). IUCN Red List Categories and Criteria: Version 3.1. Second edition. Gland and Cambridge.
  • Kam, Y. K. (1980). Taxonomic studies in the genus Kaempferia (Zingiberaceae). Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 38: 1 – 12.
  • Larsen, K. & Larsen, S. (2006). The gingers of Thailand: Kaempferia L. In: K. Larsen & S. Larsen (eds), Gingers of Thailand, pp. 55 – 61. Queen Sirikit Botanic Garden, Chiang Mai.
  • Leong-Škorničková, J. & Newman, M. (2015). Kaempferia L. In: J. Leong-Škorničková & M. Newman (eds), Gingers of Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam, pp. 203 – 207. Singapore Botanic Gardens, Singapore.
  • Nopporncharoenkul, N. & Jenjittikul, T. (2017). Kaempferia noctiflora (Zingiberaceae), a new species from Northern Thailand. Phytotaxa 316: 67 – 72.
  • Nopporncharoenkul, N. & Jenjittikul, T. (2018). Kaempferia graminifolia (subgen. Protanthium: Zingiberaceae), a new endemic species from Thailand. Phytotaxa 379(3): 261 – 266.
  • Nopporncharoenkul, N., Soontornchainaksaeng, P., Jenjittikul, T., Chuenboonngarm, N. & Viboonjun, U. (2016). Kaempferia simaoensis (Zingiberaceae), a new record for Thailand: evidence from nuclear ITS2 sequence analyses. Thai J. Bot. 8: 81 – 91.
  • Shorthouse, D. P. (2010). SimpleMappr, an Online Tool to Produce Publication-Quality Point Maps. http://www.simplemappr.net.
  • Sirirugsa, P. (1989). A taxonomic survey of Zingiberaceous species in southern Thailand. Songkhla Nakarinth University, Songkhla.
  • Sirirugsa, P. (1992). Taxonomy of the genus Kaempferia (Zingiberaceae) in Thailand. Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 19: 1 – 15.

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Bulletin
Kew Bulletin
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0