1. Family: Sapindaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Chytranthus Hook.f.
      1. Chytranthus prieurianus Baill.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Kenya to Tanzania (incl. Zanzibar).

    [FWTA]

    Sapindaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Note
    Described from a plant formerly cultivated in a hot house at Paris and said to have been collected by Leprieur possibly in West Africa,
    [FTEA]

    Sapindaceae, Davies & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1998

    Habit
    Slender single-stemmed dioecious shrub, (0.2–)1–2 m. tall, from a thick starchy root; bark slightly rough with raised lenticels which when young are covered with quartered or stellate cork cell masses.
    Leaves
    Leaves up to 50 cm. long, with 3–6 pairs of leaflets; petiole 5–15 cm. long, ± woody, brownish puberulous; rhachis 9–19 cm. long; petiolules ± thickened, 6–8 mm. long, brown-pubescent; leaflets opposite or alternate, the leaves sometimes appearing pseudo-imparipinnate, oblanceolate, obovate-lanceolate or elliptic-oblong, 4.5–23(–?32) cm. long, 2.9–8(–?11.5) cm. wide, acuminate at the apex, the actual tip ± obtuse or slightly acute, cuneate to truncate or very slightly subcordate at the base, glabrous save occasionally for few hairs on midrib beneath.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences pseudoracemose, borne on the stems just above or below ground-level, 4.5–30 cm. long, brown-puberulous; peduncle 7.5–25 cm. long; individual cymules numerous, up to ± 50, each 3–6-flowered.
    Flowers
    Flowers sweet-scented; buds grey-tomentose; pedicels up to 1.3(–2) mm. long; calyx pale green, campanulate to cylindric, 3–5.5 mm. long, shortly densely pilose, lobes unequal, 1–1.5 mm. long, 0.75–1.75 mm. wide; petals 4–5, cream, narrowly clawed, the claw linear (0.5–)1–2.5 mm. long, limb elliptic-oblong, (2–)4–5.5 mm. long, (0.5–)2 mm. wide, lobulate at the apex, margin crenulate, scale very variable, up to 1/3 the length of limb, adnate at the base or sometimes throughout, entire or bilobed at the apex, lobes simple, triangular, 0.5 m. long, a narrow horn-like crest sometimes present; disk semilunar, unilateral.
    Stamens
    Stamens 7–9; filaments 3–5 mm. long, pubescent.
    Pistil
    Ovary ellipsoid, 2.5 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, 3-angled, 3-locular; style conical, 2.5 mm. long, 1 mm. wide, the stigmatose apex clavate and sulcate.
    Infructescences
    Fruiting inflorescence mostly prostrate on ground; fruit fleshy, orange, 3-angled-subglobose or obtetrahedral, 3-lobed, (2.7–)3.6–5 cm. long and wide, acuminate at apex, rounded at base, the lobe margins acute, minutely pubescent.
    Seeds
    Seed ellipsoid or subdiscoid, 1.5–1.8 cm. long, 1–1.5 cm. wide, 4–6 mm. thick, distinctly compressed, pale brown; hilum linear, 9 mm. long; testa scurfy-reticulate when dry.
    Figures
    Fig. 21.
    Habitat
    Evergreen forest, ground-water forest, forest on coral rag; 0–600 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T6 T8 Z not known elsewhere

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Kenya, Tanzania

    Chytranthus prieurianus Baill. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 8, 1973 Sacleux, R.P. [1012], Tanzania K000426326 isotype
    Robertson, S.A. [7191], Kenya 60359.000
    Feb 8, 1973 Drummond, R.B. [1937], Tanzania Chytranthus prieurianus subsp. longiflorus K000426323 isotype
    Feb 8, 1973 Drummond, R.B. [1937], Tanzania Chytranthus prieurianus subsp. longiflorus K000426324 isotype
    Feb 8, 1973 Drummond, R.B. [1937], Tanzania Chytranthus prieurianus subsp. longiflorus K000426325 holotype

    First published in Adansonia 11: 241 (1876)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Davies, F.G. & Verdcourt, B. (1998). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Dodonaea: 1-108.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Radlk. in Engl. Pflanzenr. Sapindac. 793.
    • in Adansonia 9: 241(1874)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Davies, F.G. & Verdcourt, B. (1998). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Dodonaea: 1-108.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hallé in Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Paris, sér. 3, 127: 11, fig. 1–4 (1973).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 718 (1958).
    • Radlk. in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV, 165: 793 (1932).
    • Baill. in Adansonia 11: 241 (1874).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0