1. Family: Sapindaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Zanha Hiern
      1. Zanha africana (Radlk.) Exell

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central Kenya to N. Namibia.

    [FZ]

    Sapindaceae, A. W. Exell. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Tree up to 10 m. tall or shrub; bark grey, scaling in large flakes; branchlets tomentellous when young.
    Leaves
    Leaves up to 15 cm. long; rhachis fulvous-tomentose; petiole up to 6 cm. long, fulvous-tomentose; leaflets 3–5-jugate, subsessile; leaflet-lamina up to 8 × 4 cm., elliptic to oblong-elliptic, chartaceous to subcoriaceous, tomentose when young, later usually pubescent on both surfaces but rarely glabrescent except on some of the nerves below, apex blunt to rounded, margin crenate to crenate-serrate or sometimes almost entire, base rounded to subcordate; lateral nerves 5–8 pairs.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a congested fulvous-tomentose subglobose paniculate thyrse c. 2 cm. in diam.; peduncle up to 12–20 mm. long in male plants, fulvous-tomentose.
    Flowers
    Flowers greenish, sweet-scented; pedicels 2–2·5(4) mm. long, tomentose.
    Calyx
    Sepals 4–6, 2–2·5 × 1·5 mm., ovate-oblong, tomentose outside, glabrous within, connate at the base.
    Disc
    Disk 1·3 mm. in diam., annular.
    Androecium
    Stamens 4–7; filaments 4 mm. long, glabrous; anthers 0·5–0·8 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary pubescent to tomentellous; style 1·5–2 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit orange or yellow, up to 3 × 2 cm., obovoid-ellipsoid to subglobose, tomentose, often beaked by the persistent style.
    Seeds
    Seed 1·5 × 1 cm., ellipsoid.
    [FTEA]

    Sapindaceae, Davies & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1998

    Habit
    Small tree 3.5–12 m. tall with rather nodular gnarled grey branches; bark red, brittle, reticulate, flaking off in patches, with orange layer beneath.
    Leaves
    Leaves up to ± 23 cm. long; petiole 1–5 cm. long, ferruginous pubescent; leaf rhachis 4–35 cm. long, similarly pubescent; leaflets in 3–8 pairs, often not exactly opposite, ovate, elliptic or almost round, the lower pairs considerably smaller than the upper; upper leaflets 8–15 cm. long, 4–8 cm. wide, obtuse at the apex, truncate to cordate at the base, crenate towards the apex or rarely entire, glabrous to sparsely or densely ferruginous pubescent; lateral nerves in up to 14 pairs, the venation prominently reticulate beneath; petiolules 1–3 mm. long.
    Inflorescences
    Male inflorescences precocious, ± sessile clusters, 1.5 cm. wide, forming masses ± 5 cm. wide, peduncles sometimes 0.5–?3 cm. long; female inflorescences tawny felted, with peduncle up to 2 cm. long, lengthening in fruit.
    Flowers
    Flowers greenish, sweet-scented; sepals 5, 4 mm. long, united for 1 mm. at base; disk cup-shaped, 0.7 mm. high.
    Stamens
    Stamens and staminodes 5; filaments of stamens 9 mm. long; anthers 1.2 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit bright orange, ellipsoid, up to 2.6 cm. long, 1.3–1.8 cm. wide, velvety; sepals and style base persistent; stalks 0.3–1.9 cm. long.
    Figures
    Fig. 3/1–4.
    Habitat
    Deciduous woodland, commonly associated with Combretum and Brachystegia, often on rocky hills; 300–1750 m.
    Distribution
    K4 T1 T2 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Zanha africana (Radlk.) Exell appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Fl. Zambes. 2: 537 (1966)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Davies, F.G. & Verdcourt, B. (1998). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Dodonaea: 1-108.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Davies, F.G. & Verdcourt, B. (1998). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Dodonaea: 1-108.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 423 (1994).
    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 58 (1980).
    • Verdc. & Trump, Common Pois. Pl. E. Afr.: 108 (1969).
    • Exell in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 537, t. 115A (1966).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0