1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Desmoncus Mart.
      1. Desmoncus parvulus L.H.Bailey

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Colombia to N. South America and N. Brazil.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 80 - 250 m.; Amazonia, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena.
    Habit
    Trepadora
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [PW]
    General Description
    Plants 4.4(1.5-10.0) m tall; stems 0.8(0.4-1.8) cm diameter, clustered. Leaf petioles 6.0(0.7-13.8) cm long; rachises 31.7(22.5-47.0) cm long, 2.7(1.7-3.8) mm wide, the spines usually <1 cm long, mostly abaxial, recurved with markedly swollen bases; pinnae 6(4-9) per side of rachis, without long, filiform apices, without a beard of spines at the bases, with uneven surfaces at the bases adaxially, usually covered with spinules and/ or dense tomentum; basal pinna 10.8(4.2-22.0) cm long, 3.0(1.0-5.8) cm wide; cirri well-developed, with acanthophylls, with few spines abaxially throughout, with no intermediate acanthophylls present, usually with a wide gap between pinnae and acanthophylls (i.e., gap wider than that between adjacent acanthophylls). Inflorescences with the rachis angular, slightly twisted, thicker than the few to numerous, closely spaced and spirally arranged rachillae, each rachilla not (or very rarely) adnate to the rachis, subtended by an acute bracteole and with a well-developed axillary pulvinus; peduncles 1.6(1.0-3.1) mm wide; peduncular bracts 12.5(8.5-17.0) cm long, broad, ridged, densely covered with short, straight, swollen-based, vertically oriented spines, these terete, whitish-brown proximally, brown distally, without tomentum; rachillae 9(7-14), glabrous or scarcely tomentose initially; proximal rachillae 4.6(3.0-6.2) cm long, 0.7(0.5-0.9) mm wide; stamens 6; fruits 11.1(8.9-14.3) mm long, 9.4(7.1-11.2) mm wide, the surfaces uneven with numerous, subepidermal, long, branching fibers; fruiting corollas less than one quarter as long as fruits, splitting irregularly into 3 lobes, the lobes often splitting again; endocarps globose to obovoid with rounded or slightly peaked apices, the pores lateral.
    Distribution
    From 4°05'S-8°20'N and 45°19'-72°12'W in the eastern and central Amazon region in Brazil, the Guianas, Venezuela, and Colombia at 209(5-650) m elevation in lowland rainforest .

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Brazil North, Colombia, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela

    Desmoncus parvulus L.H.Bailey appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 75: 115 (1948)

    Accepted by

    • Henderson, A. (2011). A revision of Desmoncus (Arecaceae) Phytotaxa 35: 1-88.

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Desmoncus phoenicocarpus.]

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • Henderson, A., A revision of Desmoncus (Arecaceae) in Phytotaxa 35. 2011
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Henderson, A. (2011). A revision of Desmoncus (Arecaceae) Phytotaxa 35: 1-88.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0