Skip to main content
  1. Family: Sapotaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Manilkara Adans.
      1. Manilkara butugi Chiov.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ethiopia to Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Sapotaceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Tall tree with spreading crown, height up to 35 m., with long straight cylindrical or slightly fluted bole; bark grey-brown, rough and finely fissured.
    Indumentum
    Young shoots subglabrous, usually with pale raised lenticels.
    Petiole
    Petioles l–3(–4.3) cm. long, glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina elliptic to oblanceolate, rarely ± obovate, (5-)8–17(–20) cm. long, (l.6-)3–6.3 cm. wide, upper third of leaf tapering to acuminate apex (especially in crown leaves), rarely acute or ± obtuse, narrowly to broadly cuneate, thinly coriaceous, dull green above, greyish-green beneath with a sparse indumentum of minute closely appressed hairs; lateral nerves ascending, finely raised, looped near margin, intracostal veins present.
    Flowers
    Flowers 1–6, congested in axils of current leaves.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels stiffly erect or horizontal, 8–12 mm. long, puberulous.
    Calyx
    Calyx up to 5 mm. long, ± densely pubescent; lobes fused at base forming a cupular structure up to 2 mm. long; outer lobes ovate, up to 3 mm. wide; inner lobes slightly smaller.
    Corolla
    Corolla pale yellow; tube 1.5–2 mm. long; outer lobes narrowly lanceolate, up to 5.5 mm. long; median lobe elliptic, up to 5.5 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Filaments 2.5–3 mm. long; anthers up to 2 mm. long.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes narrowly oblong to ligulate, up to 2 mm. long, apex with 1–3 (usually 2) slender laciniate processes up to 2 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary depressed globose, pubescent, 10–12-locular; style 6–8 mm. long, with a base ± swollen and pubescent.
    Fruits
    Fruits subglobose, up to 3 cm. in diameter, glabrous, with milky pulp.
    Seeds
    Seed shiny brown, ± obovoid and flattened, 1.3–1.7 cm. long, 7–8.5 mm. wide; hilum lateral, oblique and extending to base.
    Habitat
    Upland rain-forest, riverine and fringing forest; 1500–2300 m.
    Distribution
    K2 K3 K4 K5 U1 U2 U3

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda

    Other Data

    Manilkara butugi Chiov. appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in Atti Reale Accad. Italia, Mem. Cl. Sci. Fis. 11: 46 (1940)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Pennington, D. (2001 publ. 2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Sapotaceae: 1-364. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 525 (1961).
    • Chiov. in Atti R. Accad. Ital. 11: 46 (1940).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0