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  1. Family: Sapotaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Manilkara Adans.
      1. Manilkara mochisia (Baker) Dubard

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Somalia to S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Sapotaceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Small to medium-sized tree with low branching and spreading crown, height up to 20 m., or sometimes a shrub.
    Bark
    Bark brownish-grey or blackish with longitudinal fissures.
    Branches
    Branching very irregular with leaves borne mainly in terminal rosettes on dwarf shoots, the latter usually swollen and with rough scarring; young shoots glabrescent or pubescent with evanescent ferrugineous indumentum.
    Petiole
    Petioles l.5–12(–20) mm. long, glabrous or puberulous to pubescent especially when young.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina coriaceous, elliptic-obovate to obovate, l.5–6.5(–7.5) cm. long, 0.8–3 cm. wide, apex rounded, often emarginate, base broadly to narrowly cuneate, in which case usually decurrent with petiole, or rarely ± rounded (especially in very shortly petiolate leaves), glabrous or puberulous to ± pubescent mainly on lower surface especially in young leaves; lateral nerves ± 10–14 on each side, nervation lightly impressed on both surfaces.
    Flowers
    Flowers white to pale yellow, densely clustered in leaf axils.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 6–13 mm. long, glabrous or with varying degrees of pubescence.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes ± free to base; outer lobes ± ovate, 2.5–4 mm. long, 1.5–3 mm. wide, glabrescent to densely pubescent; inner lobes similar in shape but slightly smaller and pubescent externally.
    Corolla
    Corolla-tube very short; lobes trifid; segments narrowly lanceolate or ligulate, 2–4 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Filaments 1.5–2 mm. long; anthers 1–2 mm. long.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes small, truncate, apex irregularly toothed, rarely with one tooth enlarged and filament-like.
    Pistil
    Ovary subglobose, shortly pilose, tapering at apex to a simple style, 2–3 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit yellow when mature with crimson soft edible pulp, subglobose to ellipsoid, up to 1.8 cm. long, 1.3 cm. in diameter, glabrous, containing 1–3 seeds.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark brown, ellipsoid and compressed, up to 1.3 cm. long, 8 mm. wide; scar lateral, extending to base.
    Habitat
    Deciduous bushland and thickets, dry scrub with trees; 0–2100 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K3 K4 K7 T1 T3 T4 T5 T6 T8 extends northwards to Somali Republic (S.) and southwards through Mozambique, Zambia and Rhodesia to Natal, Botswana and Angola
    [FZ]

    Sapotaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Habit
    Evergreen tree or large bush 3–20 m. tall, with rough dark bark and pendulous branches, said to spread by suckering.
    Branches
    Branching subterminal, strongly divaricate, often subverticillate; leaves densely clustered at stem apices which are then overtopped by younger branches.
    Leaves
    Leaves 1·8–9 x 1–3·4 cm., oblong, oblong–obovate or cordate, the apex rounded and emarginate, the base acute; petiole 1–10 mm. long. Upper leaf surface with midrib slightly raised and lateral veins level or impressed; lower surface with prominent midrib and veins level to strongly impressed; leaves often crispate–pubescent below and sometimes also sparsely pubescent above, patchily glabrescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers abundant, strongly scented, in fascicles of 3–4 per node; pedicels 5–7 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx c. 3–5 mm. long, the sepals elliptic–ovate.
    Corolla
    Corolla 3·6–4 mm. long, greenish– or brownish–yellow; basal tube c. 0·4 mm. long; median and lateral segments ± equal in shape and size, narrowly elliptic.
    Anthers
    Anthers 1·3–1·9 mm. long.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes very variable even within a single flower, ranging in shape from a small triangular or ovate–dentate scale to a long narrow process exceeding the stamen.
    Gynoecium
    Gynoecium 2·8–3·6 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit up to 18 mm. long when ripe, ellipsoid, yellow with red pulp, edible, 1–3–seeded.
    Seeds
    Seed 8–13 mm. long.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Caprivi Strip, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Manilkara mochisia (Baker) Dubard appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 1956 Stuhlmann, F.L. [584], Tanzania K000883670 Unknown type material
    Wild, H. [2748], Zimbabwe 11786.000
    Kirk, J. 17422.000 Unknown type material
    Kirk, J. [304], Mozambique K000901121 lectotype
    Kirk, J. [s.n.], Zambia K000901122
    Allen, C.E.F. [185], Zambia K000901123 holotype
    s.coll. [2639], Zimbabwe K000901115 holotype
    s.coll. [167] K000901120 lectotype
    Macaulay, M.A. [1002], Zambia K000901119 holotype

    Bibliography

    First published in Ann. Mus. Colon. Marseille, sér. 3, 3: 26 (1915)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) (2006). Flora of Somalia 3: 1-626. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Curtis, B. & Mannheimer, C. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia: 1-688. The National Botanical Research Institute, Windhoek.
    • Calane da Silva, M., Izdine, S. & Amuse, A.B. (2004). A Preliminary Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Mozambique: 1-184. SABONET, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Pennington, D. (2001 publ. 2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Sapotaceae: 1-364. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Curtis, B. & Mannheimer, C. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia: 1-688. The National Botanical Research Institute, Windhoek.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • J. H. Hemsl. in Kew Bulletin 20: 483 (1966).
    • Meeuse in Flora of Southern Africa 26: 50, fig. 8 (1963).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 321 (1962).
    • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 526 (1961).
    • Meeuse in Bothalia 7: 369, fig. 16 (1960).
    • Dubard in Ann. Mus. Col. Marseille, sér. 3, 3: 26 (1915).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0