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  1. Family: Sapotaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Manilkara Adans.
      1. Manilkara obovata (Sabine & G.Don) J.H.Hemsl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Sapotaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A tree up to 80 ft. high, stem up to 4 ft. diam., frequently only as a shrub
    Note
    Old trees often resembling poplars
    Ecology
    Along lagoons and streams in small groups.
    [FTEA]

    Sapotaceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Medium-sized to tall tree with long clean and slightly fluted bole and buttressed base, height up to 35 m.; bark pale grey to dark brownish-grey, fissured and rough.
    Branches
    Young branchlets (from crown) deep purplish-brown with pale lenticels, glabrous. Scars of fallen leaves prominent, sometimes raised and peg-like.
    Petiole
    Petioles 5–18 mm. long, glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina thinly to thickly coriaceous, obovate (rarely obovate-oblong), 3–10(–17) cm. long, l.6–5.5(–7.2) cm. wide, apex rounded or emarginate, rarely subacute, cuneate; upper surface fresh green, glabrous, lower surface paler, drying to a brownish-grey, appearing glabrescent; primary lateral nerves raised, arcuate, very fine and hairlike. Leaves clustered towards apices of branchlets.
    Flowers
    Flowers fascicled in axils of older or fallen leaves.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels 4–10 mm. long, with appressed brownish hairs.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes slightly connate at base; outer lobes ± ovate to ovate-oblong, up to 6 mm. long and 3.5 mm. wide, with brownish pubescence externally; inner lobes slightly narrower and with little pubescence externally.
    Corolla
    Corolla white; tube ±1.5 mm. long; lobes trifid; outer segments linear-lanceolate, up to 5 mm. long; median segment narrowly elliptic, up to 4.5 mm. long.
    Stamens
    Stamen-filaments up to 3.5 mm. long, flattened; anthers up to 2.5 mm. long; staminodes oblong to ± linear, irregularly laciniate.
    Pistil
    Ovary subglobose, densely pilose, 9–11-locular; style up to 6 mm. long; stigma minutely papillate.
    Fruits
    Fruits incompletely known, yellow when ripe, said to be edible, obovoid to subglobose, up to 2.5 cm. long.
    Seeds
    Mature seed not known.
    Note
    The species as here accepted is widespread and includes a number of smaller geographical segregates. Characters such as degree of laciniation and number of segments of staminodes, and minor differences in leaf-size, which previously have been used to distinguish species, have proved impossible to work within the range of material now available. The tree yields a useful timber, known as Nkunya in Uganda, which is very hard and durable in the ground (see Uganda For. Dept. Timber Leaflet No. 3). A single sterile gathering from the E. Usambara Mts. may possibly extend the species range into E. Tanganyika (see under imperfectly known species No. 1, page 73).
    Habitat
    Lowland rain-forest, riverine forest and swamp-forests of the SW. shores of Lake Victoria, commonly found as a co-dominant canopy tree in the latter with Podocarpus usambarensis var. dawei, P. milanjianus and Baikiaea insignis subsp. minor; 1100–1300 m.
    Distribution
    T1 U4 extends from Sierra Leone in the west, through Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana and Dahomey, Nigeria, Cameroun Republic, Gabon and Congo Republic to Zambia and Angola
    [FZ]

    Sapotaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

    Anthers
    Anthers c. 1·5 mm. long.
    Staminodes
    Staminodes c. 3 mm. long, oblong in outline, the apex irregularly laciniate.
    Gynoecium
    Gynoecium up to 8 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit up to 2–5 cm. long, obovoid to subglobose.
    Seeds
    Seed c. 1 cm. long.
    Habit
    Tree up to 14 m. or more.
    Leaves
    Leaves coriaceous, exstipulate or with subulate stipules soon falling, not clustered at ends of branches. Leaf lamina 7–14 x 2·–5–7 cm., obovate to oblong, the apex obtuse to cuspidate–acuminate, the base cuspidate; petiole 1–4 cm. long. Upper leaf surface glabrous; midrib slightly impressed, vein reticulation very fine. Lower surface with dense appressed indumentum of minute hairs giving a silvery sheen; midrib prominent, lateral nerves inconspicuous.
    Flowers
    Flowers clustered in leaf axils, with pedicels c. 1 cm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx c. 5 mm. long, sepals ± elliptic.
    Corolla
    Corolla c. 6 mm. long, with tube c. 1·5 mm. long, white to creamy yellow; median segments c. 4 mm. long, narrowly elliptic, lateral segments a little shorter, narrowly triangular.
    [FWTA]

    Sapotaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    A fairly large tree, often branched from the base and stem, shrub-like, up to 40 ft. high, in habit
    Note
    Much resembling Mimusops kummel Bruce ex A. DC. and the following species
    Leaves
    The leaves without stipules, more or less crowded towards the end of branchlets
    Flowers
    Clustered white or brown flowers amongst them
    Ecology
    In gallery forest.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Manilkara obovata (Sabine & G.Don) J.H.Hemsl. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2006 Chevalier, A.J.B. [344], Sudan K000883666 isotype
    Jan 1, 2004 Pollard, B.J. [508], Cameroon K000746050
    Mar 1, 1959 Bagshawe, A.W.G. [76], Uganda K000883671 isotype
    Jan 1, 1959 Chevalier, A. [16254], Côte d'Ivoire K000901130
    Jan 1, 1959 Mann, G. [489], Nigeria K000901128 isolectotype
    Jan 1, 1959 s.coll. [1270], Nigeria K000901133 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1959 Ujor, E.U. [FHI 30408], Cameroon K000027930
    Chevalier, A. [24192], Benin K000901132 isotype
    Smith, C. [s.n.], Congo K000901135 holotype
    Rowland [s.n.], Nigeria K000901127
    Schweinfurth, G.A. [1378], Sudan K000883667 isotype
    s.coll. [4836] K000901116 isotype
    Andrews, F.W. [1588], Sudan Manilkara schweinfurthii 2517.000
    s.coll. [4814] Manilkara welwitschii K000901117 isotype
    Jan 1, 1959 s.coll. [1123], Nigeria Manilkara multinervis K000901131 holotype
    Brenan, J.P.M. [8638], Nigeria Manilkara multinervis 2511.000

    Bibliography

    First published in Kew Bull. 17: 171 (1963)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Pennington, D. (2001 publ. 2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Sapotaceae: 1-364. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • in Kew Bull. 17: 171 (1963),

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Lebrun, J.P., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • J. H. Hemsl. in Kew Bulletin 20: 468 (1966).
    • Heine in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 20 (1963).
    • J. H. Hemsl. in Kew Bulletin 17: 171 (1963).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0