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This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Europe to E. Medit, NE. Libya.
Saxifraga hederacea

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, glabrous or glandular-pilose, with weak, fragile, scrambling stems up to 30 cm but often much less, much-branched from base upwards when well-developed, smaller plants simple
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, peltate, orbicular in outline, lower (3–)5–7-dentate with large, subacute or obtuse, broadly rounded-deltoid lobes, upper commonly 3-dentate to entire; lower leaves truncate to cordate at base, 4–30 × 3–30 mm, long-petiolate with petioles up to 3 cm long and 3 times as long as the lamina, uppermost sometimes cuneate at base, shortly petiolate or sessile, much smaller; all leaves, and also sepals, with dark, elongate tannin-filled epidermal cells scattered over the surface
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes lax and rather few-flowered, flowers on long slender spreading pedicels up to 4 cm, much exceeding the subtending bract, frequently glandular-pilose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals deltoid-ovate, 2–2.5 mm, subacute; receptacle shallowly hemispherical-Petals yellow to white, 2.5–4 mm, oblong to cuneate-obovate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens about two-thirds as long as the petals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels one-third inferior, the apical two-thirds free, abruptly narrowed to the short style; stigmas large, strongly papillose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule globose to ovoid, 3.5–4 mm, yellowish-brown, with a raised vein joining the styles, parallel to the suture, the persistent sepals patent-erect
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid, dark reddish brown, strongly papillose.
Ecology
On cliffs, on rocks by a waterfall, shady limestone rocks; alt. 500–1050 m
Phenology
Apr.–May.
Distribution
Very rare in the mountain district of NE Iraq. Sicily, Balkans, Crete, Cyprus, Aegean Is., Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Iran (not listed in Jamzad, 1995), Libya.

Native to:

Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Greece, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Palestine, Sicilia, Turkey, Yugoslavia

Saxifraga hederacea L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 405 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1972). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 4: 1-657. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Jalas, J., Suominen, J., Lampinen, R. & Kurtto, A.(eds.) (1999). Atlas Florae Europaeae. Distribution of vascular plants in Europe 12: 1-250.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1977). Flora of Cyprus 1: 1-832. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 812 (1872);
  • Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. ed. 1: 405 (1753);
  • Matthews in Fl. Turk. 4: 258 (1972).
  • Schonbeck-Temesy in Fl. Iranica 42: 6 (1967);

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1972). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 4: 1-657. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Jalas, J., Suominen, J., Lampinen, R. & Kurtto, A.(eds.) (1999). Atlas Florae Europaeae. Distribution of vascular plants in Europe 12: 1-250.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1977). Flora of Cyprus 1: 1-832. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Iraq
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/