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  1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Dichanthelium (Hitchc. & Chase) Gould
      1. Dichanthelium sabulorum (Lam.) Gould & C.A.Clark

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Central & E. U.S.A., Bolivia to Brazil and S. South America.

    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial. Rhizomes short. Culms 50-100 cm long; without nodal roots, or rooting from lower nodes. Culm-internodes distally hirsute. Culm-nodes black; glabrous, or pubescent. Lateral branches ample; arising from lower culm and upper culm. Leaves heterophyllous (narrow on older culms). Leaf-sheaths 2.5-6 cm long; eglandular, or glandular; glabrous on surface to hirsute; outer margin hairy. Ligule a ciliate membrane; 0.4-1.1 mm long. Leaf-blade base amplexicaul. Leaf-blades filiform; 1-9 cm long; 2-14 mm wide; stiff, or firm. Leaf-blade midrib indistinct. Leaf-blade surface glabrous, or hispid. Leaf-blade margins scabrous; ciliate; hairy at base. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a panicle; terminal and axillary. Axillary inflorescences similar to terminal. Panicle open; ovate; effuse; 2-10 cm long; 2-8 cm wide. Panicle axis eglandular, or glandular; glabrous, or pilose. Panicle branches eglandular, or glandular; glabrous, or pilose. Spikelets solitary, or in pairs. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels clavate; eglandular, or glandular; ciliate.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets obovate; dorsally compressed; 1.9-3 mm long; 0.9-1.4 mm wide; falling entire.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 1 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets obovate; dorsally compressed; 1.9-3 mm long; 0.9-1.4 mm wide; falling entire.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; clasping; 0.5-0.75 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 3-5 -veined. Lower glume apex obtuse, or acute. Upper glume elliptic; 0.9 length of spikelet; membranous; without keels; 7-9 -veined. Upper glume surface glabrous, or pilose. Upper glume apex obtuse.
    Florets
    Basal sterile florets male, or barren; with palea. Lemma of lower sterile floret similar to upper glume; elliptic; 1 length of spikelet; membranous; 7-9 -veined; glabrous, or pilose; acute. Palea of lower sterile floret 1.6 mm long; pilose; adorned on flanks. Fertile lemma elliptic; dorsally compressed; 1.8-2.5 mm long; 0.7-1.2 mm wide; indurate; yellow; shiny; without keel. Lemma margins involute. Lemma apex apiculate. Palea involute; indurate.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; ellipsoid; 1.5 mm long. Embryo 0.5 length of caryopsis. Hilum punctiform.
    Distribution
    North America: northeast USA and southeast . South America: western South America, Brazil, and southern South America.
    Reference
    Paniceae. Zuloaga 1994.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Chile Central, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Rhode I., South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Uruguay, Vermont, Virginia, West Virginia, Wisconsin

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Dichanthelium sabulorum (Lam.) Gould & C.A.Clark appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Clayton, W.D. [4423], Brazil Panicum demissum K001101980
    Eiten, G. [6236], Brazil Panicum demissum K001101979
    Rosengurtt [8726], Brazil Panicum demissum K001101981
    Burchell [1111], Brazil Panicum demissum K001101978
    Hitchcock, A. S. [151], Delaware Panicum oricola K000674500 isotype
    Dec 1, 1973 Smith, L.B. [15552], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101954
    Clayton, W.D. [4240], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101950
    Clayton, W.D. [4371], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101951
    Clayton, W.D. [4711], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101955
    Clayton, W.D. [4751], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101961
    Clayton, W.D. [4475], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101962
    Clayton, W.D. [4466], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101972
    Clayton, W.D. [4469/a], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101976
    Clayton, W.D. [4276], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102197
    Clayton, W.D. [4280], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102202
    Clayton, W.D. [4335/A], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102203
    Clayton, W.D. [4238], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102204
    Clayton, W.D. [4269], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102210
    Hatschbach, G. [43411], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102187
    Hatschbach, G. [18469], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102189
    Hatschbach, G. [38037], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102211
    Hatschbach, G. [35432], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102215
    Hatschbach, G. [35436], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102217
    Hatschbach, G. [28257], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102218
    Hatschbach, G. [14184], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102219
    Hatschbach, G. [35556], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102220
    Hatschbach, G. [35451], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102221
    Hatschbach, G. [12293], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102222
    Hatschbach, G. [43562], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102223
    Hatschbach, G. [38037], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102224
    Hatschbach, G. [35658], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102225
    Hatschbach, G. [34423], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102239
    Hatschbach, G. [15192], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102241
    Lindeman, J.C. [3954], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102205
    Riedel [s.n.], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K000309279
    Longhi-Wagner, H.M. [3649], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101966
    Davidse, G. [11422], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101963
    Davidse, G. [11255], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102186
    Davidse, G. [11255], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102190
    Davidse, G. [11323], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102206
    Smith, L.B. [15889], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101952
    Smith, L.B. [13484], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101953
    Smith, L.B. [15645], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102193
    Smith, L.B. [15629], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102213
    Smith, L.B. [15920], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102226
    Smith, L.B. [15920], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102227
    Smith, L.B. [15896], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102228
    Smith, L.B. [15478], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102229
    Smith, L.B. [15464], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102230
    Smith, L.B. [15737], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102231
    Smith, L.B. [15689], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102232
    Smith, L.B. [14305], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102233
    Smith, L.B. [15558], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102234
    Smith, L.B. [15499], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102235
    Smith, L.B. [12712], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102236
    Smith, L.B. [12534], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102237
    Smith, L.B. [13695], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102238
    Riedel [s.n.], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101959
    Philippi, R.A. [s.n.], Chile Panicum sabulorum K000309319
    Philippi, R.A. [s.n.], Chile Panicum sabulorum K000309320
    Sello [s.n.], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101967
    Archer, W.A. [4440], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101974
    Dusén, P. [16127], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102209
    Dusén, P. [13254], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102212
    Hoehne, W. [11064], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101964
    Hoehne, W. [s.n.], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101965
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101968
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102303
    Cordeiro, J. [2024], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101957
    Rosengurtt [8725], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101958
    Rosengurtt [9205], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101973
    Rosengurtt [9205], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101977
    Imaguire, N. [639], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102195
    Imaguire, N. [2762], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102207
    Klein, R.M. [12163], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102192
    Dombrowski, L.T. [2577], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102188
    Dombrowski, L.T. [2692], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102196
    Dombrowski, L.T. [1958], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102198
    Dombrowski, L.T. [9838], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102199
    Dombrowski, L.T. [9838], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102200
    Dombrowski, L.T. [9838], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102201
    Dombrowski, L.T. [1948], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102214
    Dombrowski, L.T. [4162], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102240
    Dombrowski, L.T. [5423], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102242
    Dombrowski, L.T. [5459], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102243
    Glaziou, A. [4305], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101971
    Lima, J.M. [446], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102194
    Burchell [s.n.], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101956
    Burchell [4640], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101960
    Burchell [4663], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101969
    Glaziou [4205], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101970
    Glaziou [16555], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101975
    Pereira, M.L. [332], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102208
    Hastchbach, G. [51733], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102191
    Hastchbach, G. [35525], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001102216
    Klein, S. [5936], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101948
    Kummrow [829], Brazil Panicum sabulorum K001101949

    Bibliography

    First published in Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 65: 1112 (1978 publ. 1979)

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141. [Cited as Panicum sabulorum.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348.
    • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2003). Flora of North America North of Mexico 25: 1-781. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Sources

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0