Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Iran, N. Africa.

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Slender annual herb, ± glandular-hairy throughout, erect, simple or branched, (2)5– 10(–15) cm
Morphology Leaves
Basal leaves forming a rosette (but often ± withered by flowering time), spatulate or cuneate-obovate, lamina up to 1 cm, palmately 3–5-lobed or -fid or sometimes entire, tapering and pseudopetiolate below; upper leaves few, soon becoming entire and passing into bracts; tannin-filled epidermal cells absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes lax, few-flowered, flowers axillary on long, slender, ascending pedicels up to 3 cm long, much exceeding the small bracts, glandular-pilose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals oblong-ovate, ± 1 mm, but deltoid and acute in fruit; receptacle campanulate, accrescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 2–3 mm, white, cuneate-obovate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens about half as long as petals
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels fused almost to the apex, abruptly narrowed to the short styles, ovary almost completely inferior; stigmas decurrent on inner surface of styles, papillose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule subglobose, 3–4 mm, almost completely enclosed by the adnate receptacle, with a raised vein close to suture joining the very divaricate styles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid, yellowish with reddish papillae.
Ecology
Between shady rocks, forming a turf; alt. ± 1220 m
Phenology
May.
Distribution
Very rare; only one confirmed and two doubtful localities perhaps from NE Iraq. ‘Kurdistan’. Throughout Europe except the extreme north and C & E Europe, Aegean Is., Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Palestine, Caucasia, Iran, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya.

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Austria, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, British Columbia, Georgia, Mississippi, Oregon, Tennessee, Washington

Saxifraga tridactylites L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Bourne, J., United Kingdom 16155.000

First published in Sp. Pl.: 404 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1972). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 4: 1-657. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2009). Flora of North America North of Mexico 8: 1-585. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. & Edmondson, J.R. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Iraq 5(2): 1-349. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Jalas, J., Suominen, J., Lampinen, R. & Kurtto, A.(eds.) (1999). Atlas Florae Europaeae. Distribution of vascular plants in Europe 12: 1-250.
  • Litvinskaya, S.A. & Murtazaliev, R.A. (2013). Flora of the Northern Caucasus: An Atlas and Identification Book: 1-688. Fiton XXI.
  • Mateos, M.A. & Valdés, B. (2009). Catálogo de la flora vascular del Rif occidental calizo (N de Marruecos). I Selaginellaceae - Rosaceae Lagascalia 29: 105-257.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1977). Flora of Cyprus 1: 1-832. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Nikitin, V.V. (ed.) (1949). Flora Turkmenii 4: 1-364. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Schönbeck-Temesy, E. (1967). Flora Iranica 42: 1-17. Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz.

Literature

Flora of Iraq

  • Boiss., Fl. Orient. 2: 808 (1872);
  • Jamzad, Fl. Iran 12: 18 (1995).
  • Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. ed. 1: 404 (1753);
  • Schonbeck-Temesy in Fl. Iranica 42: 7 (1967);

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1972). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 4: 1-657. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2009). Flora of North America North of Mexico 8: 1-585. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Litvinskaya, S.A. & Murtazaliev, R.A. (2013). Flora of the Northern Caucasus: An Atlas and Identification Book: 1-688. Fiton XXI.
  • Mateos, M.A. & Valdés, B. (2009). Catálogo de la flora vascular del Rif occidental calizo (N de Marruecos). I Selaginellaceae - Rosaceae Lagascalia 29: 105-257.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1977). Flora of Cyprus 1: 1-832. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Nikitin, V.V. (ed.) (1949). Flora Turkmenii 4: 1-364. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1993). Flora Europaea ed. 2, 1: 1-581. Cambridge University Press.

Flora of Iraq
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/