1. Family: Marantaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Thaumatococcus Benth.
      1. Thaumatococcus daniellii (Benn.) Benth. ex Eichler

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & W. Central Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Marantaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

    Habit
    A herb up to 10 ft. high
    Rhizomes
    Rhizome slender, creeping
    Inflorescences
    Spikes arising from the base, rough with the scars of fallen flowers, the latter pale purple
    Fruits
    Fruit crimson, at or below ground-level
    Seeds
    Seeds black, hard, shining
    Ecology
    In large clumps in forest.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burkina, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo, Zaïre

    Introduced into:

    Malaya

    Thaumatococcus daniellii (Benn.) Benth. ex Eichler appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2004 Etuge, M. [4784], Cameroon K000213085
    Jun 1, 2001 Lane, P. [359], Cameroon K000107663
    Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [1426], Cameroon K000107664
    Jun 1, 2001 Etuge, M. [4275], Cameroon K000107662
    Jun 1, 2001 Ryan, P. [226], Cameroon K000107665
    Jan 1, 1997 Ekema, N. [1074], Cameroon K000086572
    Jan 1, 1997 Pouakouyou, D. [112], Cameroon K000086554
    Jan 1, 1997 Akogo, M. [235], Cameroon K000086553
    Dec 1, 1996 Baker, W.J. [232], Cameroon K000086552
    Jan 1, 1995 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [1009], Cameroon K000086571
    Jan 1, 1994 Mbani, J. M. [18], Cameroon K000086548
    Jan 1, 1994 Mbani, J. M. [18], Cameroon K000086549
    Jan 1, 1987 Thomas, D.W. [7328], Cameroon K000308082 isotype
    Nov 24, 1974 Letouzey, R. [13314], Cameroon K000308085
    Jan 1, 1936 Mann, G. [1153], Equatorial Guinea K000099653 Unknown type material
    Keay, R.W.J. [37462], Cameroon 25070.000
    Stanfield [169], Nigeria 22745.000
    Mann, G. [2145], Cameroon K000099651 Unknown type material
    Carvalho [2729], Equatorial Guinea K000308087
    Thomas, D. [2277], Cameroon K000308083
    Bates, G.L. [396], Cameroon K000308086
    Johnston, H.H., Sierra Leone 7643.000
    Barter [1546], Niger K000099650
    Barter [1990], Equatorial Guinea K000099652 Unknown type material
    Gerard, Ph. [1783], Congo K000308084

    First published in Beitr. Morph. Marant.: 68 (1884)

    Accepted by

    • Velayos, M., Aedo, C., Cabezas, F., de la Estrella, M., Barberá, P. & Fero, M. (eds.) (2014). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 11: 1-416. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Cabezas, F.J., De la Estrella, M., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2005). Marantaceae of Equatorial Guinea Annales Botanici Fennici 42: 173-184.
    • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Koechlin in Fl. Cam. 4: 144, t. 28 (1965).
    • Koechlin in Fl. Gabon 9: 141, t. 30 (1964)
    • Mangenot in Ic. Pl. Afr., I.F.A.N. 4: 95 (1957)
    • Schnell in Bull. I.F.A.N. 19: 1133 (1957)
    • Chev. Bot. 630
    • K. Schum. in Engl., Pflanzenr. 4, 48: 40, fig. 8
    • F.T.A. 7: 321
    • in Benth. & Hook. f., Gen. Pl. 3: 652 (1883)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Cabezas, F.J., De la Estrella, M., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2005). Marantaceae of Equatorial Guinea Annales Botanici Fennici 42: 173-184.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

    Sources

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0