1. Family: Plantaginaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Dopatrium Buch.-Ham. ex Benth.
      1. Dopatrium macranthum Oliv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Uganda and Zambia.

    [FWTA]

    Scrophulariaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Erect, usually simple herb to 18 ins. high
    Flowers
    Flowers large and showy, purple or yellow
    Ecology
    In wet places.
    [FTEA]

    Scrophulariaceae, S.A. Ghazanfar, F.N. Hepper & D. Philcox. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2008

    Type
    Type: Uganda, Acholi District: Koki, Dec. 1862, Grant s.n. (K!, holo., photo)
    Habit
    Erect annual herb 25–50 cm high.
    Stem
    Stems simple or sparingly branched, tufted, fleshy
    Leaves
    Lower submerged leaves lanceolate, up to 33 mm long and 5 mm wide, upper stem leaves ovate, scale-like, 2–7 mm long, 2–3 mm wide, connate at the base, apex obtuse
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence a lax few-flowered panicle or raceme
    Bracts
    Bracts minute.
    Pedicel
    Pedicels in fruit erect, up to 2 cm long
    Calyx
    Calyx 3.5–5 mm long, teeth ± 1 mm long
    Corolla
    Corolla deep violet, purple (yellow or white elsewhere in Africa) with a white spot on lower lip; corolla tube cylindric, 10–12 mm long, upper lip 3-lobed, lobes ovate, obtuse; lower lip twice as long, 2-lobed
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid, 4–5 mm long.
    Ecology
    Temporary pools on rock outcrops in grassland; ?900–1100 m
    Conservation
    Least Concern (LC)
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U1 U3 U4 Range: Sierra Leone, Mali, Ghana, Congo-Kinshasa, Sudan
    [FTEA]
    Use
    None recorded on specimens from our area

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Dopatrium macranthum Oliv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 10, 1999 Raynal-Roques, A. [22072], Mali K000483390
    Hinds, J.H. [5004A], Ghana Dopatrium luteum 17721.000
    Hinds, J.H. [5004], Ghana Dopatrium luteum 17725.000
    Schweinfurth, G. [2557], Sudan Dopatrium tricolor K000405189 Unknown type material

    First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 29: 120 (1875)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Onana, J.M. (2011). The vascular plants of Cameroon a taxonomic checklist with IUCN assessments: 1-195. National herbarium of Cameroon, Yaoundé.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Ghazanfar, S.A., Hepper, F.N. & Philcox, D. (2008). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Scrophulariaceae: 1-211.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
    • Fischer, E. (1999). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi), Scrophulariaceae: 1-217. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • in Trans. Linn. Soc. 29: 120 (1875).
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Ethiop. & Eritr. 5: 258  (2006).
    • F.A.C. Scrophulariaceae: 44, pl. 15 (1999)
    • Nord. J. Bot. 17(5): 546, fig. 16, (1997)
    • F.W.T.A., ed. 2, 2: 36 fig. 287B (1963)
    • F.T.A. 4(2): 325 (1906)
    • Trans. Linn. Soc. 29: 120, t. 121A (1875)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0