1. Family: Solanaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Brunfelsia Plum. ex L.
      1. Brunfelsia uniflora (Pohl) D.Don

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Trinidad (Monos Island) to NW. Argentina.

    [FTEA]

    Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2012

    Type
    Type: Brazil, Rio de Janeiro, Pohl [9] (W, holo.; PR, iso., fide Plowman in Fieldiana, Bot., n.s. No. 39: 113 (1998))
    Habit
    Shrubs 0.5–3 m tall, deciduous, often branched from base.
    Branches
    Branches many, slender, glabrescent; hairs on all parts short, eglandular
    Leaves
    Leaves often glossy, elliptic, obovate or lanceolate, 2.5–8 × 1–4 cm, bases cuneate, often decurrent, margins entire, apices acute to obtuse, membranaceous to coriaceous, both surfaces glabrous to sparsely pilose; petioles 1–5 mm
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences 1-flowered, terminal, sessile, occasionally with peduncles 1–5 mm long, slender, glabrous to glandular-pubescent, subtended by 1–3 broadly ovate or linear-lanceolate bracts 1–5 mm long; pedicels erect, 1–6 mm
    Calyx
    Calyx tubular or tubular-campanulate narrowing towards base, 10–22 × 1.2–2.2 mm basally widening to 5–10 mm above, with five acute and often unequal broadly triangular or obovate lobes 2.5–5.8 × 1.6–4.2 mm, glabrous
    Corolla
    Corolla white or purple with a white eye at the throat, usually fading to white or yellow, hypocrateriform, tube cylindrical 1.3–2.5 cm long and 1–2 mm wide, widening around anthers and stigma, terminating in five broadly ovate spreading rounded lobes 1.2–2(–3) cm long and wide; apical flower diameter 1.8–4.8 cm; glabrous or sparsely pubescent externally
    Stamens
    Stamens usually included; filaments unequal, lower posterior pair free for 1–3 mm, upper lateral pair free for 1.5–3 mm; anthers orbicular-reniform, medifixed, 0.7–1 mm diameter, lateral pair often visible in corolla throat
    Ovary
    Ovary conical to ovoid, 1.8–3 × 1–1.5 mm, glabrous; disc smooth; style 15–23 mm long, usually included; stigma 0.6–0.8 × 0.7–1.5 mm
    Fruits
    Fruit a glossy dark green, coriacous, globose or ovoid capsule 7–8 × 8–18 mm, smooth, thin-walled, partially enclosed by accrescent coriaceous persistent calyx, occasionally dehiscent
    Seeds
    Seeds numerous, reddish-brown to black, cuboidal to obovoid, 3–5 × 2–3 mm, angulate
    Figures
    Fig 2/1–6, p 19
    Ecology
    Cultivated and sometimes an escape in gardens and on roadsides; 1050–1200 m
    Conservation
    Widespread; least concern (LC)
    Note
    This species is particularly variable in leaf size and shape, calyx length, and pubescence degree and location. It is often known as ‘Yesterday, today, tomorrow’ because of the changes in flower colour that occur with age. These names were used for plants identified as B. latifolia [no authority given] in U.O.P.Z. (1949). However, although the inflorescences were described “with flowers borne several together”, all other features and floral dimensions suggest that the plants belong to B. uniflora. It is possible that they were mis-identified. The flowers are said to be pollinated by day-flying butterflies from several different families.
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U4 K4 T3 T6 Range: Originally from South America
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 8, Part 4. Solanaceae. Gonçalves AE. 2005

    Habit
    Slender twiggy shrub to 3(5) m high, often with a close crown and nodose branches;
    Leaves
    Leaves thinly coriaceous, bright green to yellowish-green, lanceolate to obovate, often undulate-margined, glabrous or pubescent;
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary, terminal on new shoots;
    Calyx
    Calyx 8–20 mm long, tubular or tubular-campanulate, glabrous;
    Corolla
    Corolla sweetly scented, at first blue-violet to violaceous with white or yellow throat, then paler, later changing to light violet or even nearly white with age, the variations at the same time on the same plant, glabrous, with a very slender, upwardly curved, nearly white tube 1. 4–2.5 cm long and a wide limb 1. 5–3 cm across;
    Fruits
    Fruit thickly coriaceous, 8–18 mm in diameter, subglobose to ovoid, tardily dehiscent
    Note
    Common name: “vegetable mercury”.
    Distribution
    Native to South America, quite widely cultivated. Mozambique Zimbabwe

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northwest, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Guyana, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles

    Introduced into:

    Kenya, Mauritius, Réunion, Tanzania, Uganda

    Brunfelsia uniflora (Pohl) D.Don appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1996 Carvalho, A.M. [4599], Brazil K000982298
    Jan 1, 1996 Thomas, W.W. [11137], Brazil K000982297
    Jul 19, 1976 s.coll. [s.n.] K000982132
    Jul 1, 1976 Swainson [s.n.], Brazil K000982024
    Jul 1, 1976 Riedel [s.n.], Brazil K000982299
    Jul 1, 1976 Regnell, A.F. [374], Brazil K000982021
    Jul 1, 1976 Glaziou [11399], Brazil K000982023
    Jul 1, 1976 Mexia, Y.E.J. [5182], Brazil K000982300
    Jul 1, 1976 Gardner [1798], Brazil K000982019
    Jul 1, 1976 Gardner [5062], Brazil K000982020
    Jul 1, 1976 Gardner [1798], Brazil K000982301
    Jul 1, 1976 Gardner [5566], Brazil K000982302
    Jul 1, 1976 Gardner [1095], Brazil K000982131
    Jul 1, 1976 s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K000982134
    Jan 1, 1974 Lockhart [197], Trinidad & Tobago K000585403 Unknown type material
    Jan 1, 1974 Gardner [1095], Brazil K000982099
    Jan 1, 1974 Gardner [5566], Brazil K000982100
    Jan 1, 1974 Gardner [2432], Brazil K000982101
    Jan 1, 1974 Gardner [s.n.], Brazil K000982102
    Jan 1, 1973 Anderson, W.R. [37048], Brazil K000982022
    Jan 1, 1971 Gardner [5062], Brazil K000982103
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K000982133
    Rosa, N.A. [3949], Brazil K001073463
    Rosa, N.A. [3958], Brazil K001073464
    Plowman, T.C. [12862], Brazil K001073465

    First published in Edinburgh New Philos. J. 1829(Apr.-Oct.): 85 (1829)

    Accepted by

    • Edmonds, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa Solanaceae: 1-239.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Scott, A.J. (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 128: 1-41. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Edmonds, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa Solanaceae: 1-239.
    • Scott, A.J. (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 128: 1-41. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • F.Z. 8(4): 5 (2005).
    • Fieldiana Bot. n.s. 39: 113 (1998)
    • Biol. & Tax. Solanaceae: 475 (1979)
    • Edinb. New Phil. Journ. 7: 85 (1829)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0