1. Family: Solanaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Nicotiana L.
      1. Nicotiana alata Link & Otto

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. & S. Brazil to NE. Argentina.

    [FTEA]

    Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2012

    Type
    Type: cultivated in Berlin Botanic Garden from seeds sent from Brazil, Sellow s.n. (B†, holo.) fide Goodspeed (1954)
    Habit
    Annual to perennial herbs to 1.5 m tall, often rosulate initially.
    Stem
    Stems erect, sparsely branched mainly from base; all parts densely viscid-pubescent with long simple glandular-headed hairs
    Leaves
    Leaves dark green, spatulate, obovate or ovatelanceolate to elliptic, 7–11(–26) × 2.6–7.5 cm, bases decurrent into winged petioles which usually auricled and up to 2 cm long, margins undulating, apices acute, densely glandular-pubescent. Inflorescences terminal few-flowered usually lax unbranched racemes, bracteate; flowers nocturnally fragrant; pedicels erect, 0.4–1.7 cm long in flower and 1.2–1.4 cm long in fruit, densely pilose-viscid
    Calyx
    Calyx tubular to campanulate, densely viscid-pilose externally, 16–25 × 6–9 mm, with five unequal narrowly triangular dentate or subulate-acicular calyx lobes, 4.4–11 × 1–3 mm, enlarging up to 19 mm long in fruit
    Corolla
    Corolla usually white to pale green, 8–10 cm long and 3–5 cm diameter apically; tube slender, cylindrical below, becoming salverform above and dilated below lobes, 6–9.5 × 2 mm diameter basally increasing to 8–10 mm apically, with obovate obtuse and sometimes shortly bilobed lobes 1.8–2.5 × 1.2–2 cm, spreading after anthesis; densely viscid-pubescent externally, glabrous internally
    Stamens
    Stamens subequal; filaments free for 2–2.6 cm, the fifth free for 1.5–1.8 cm, cylindrical, glabrous throughout; anthers purple, globose, 2–3 × 1.9–2.5 mm
    Ovary
    Ovary ovoid to conical, 4–7.5 × 2–4 mm; disc crenulate, 2–3 mm diameter; style 6.1–7 cm long; stigma 0.7–1 × 2.1–3 mm
    Fruits
    Capsules light brown, globose to ovoid, 1.2–1.8 × 0.9–1.4 cm, dehiscing by 2 bifid smooth, glabrous valves which sometimes recurved apically, subtended by enlarged laciniate calyx lobes of enlarged viscid-pilose accrescent calyces
    Seeds
    Seeds, brown, ovoid, globose or ellipsoid, 0.5–0.8 × 0.5–0.6 mm
    Figures
    Fig 3/14–16, p 22
    Ecology
    In or near villages, gardens, cattle bomas and rain-forest margins; 1650–1900 m
    Conservation
    Widespread; least concern (LC)
    Note
    Commonly known as the Jasmine- or flowering-tobacco, many horticultural variants of this species have been raised. The main alkoloidal constituent is again nicotine.
    Distribution
    Flora districts: K4 T3 T6 Range: Native to SE Brazil, N Uruguay, Argentina and Paraguay, now sparingly cultivated in South Africa, Europe and the US for ornamental uses, and becoming naturalised
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 1700 - 2620 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Paraguay, Uruguay

    Introduced into:

    Austria, Belgium, Central European Rus, Colombia, Czechoslovakia, Great Britain, India, Jamaica, Jawa, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Myanmar, New York, Romania, Spain, Taiwan, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Uzbekistan

    Nicotiana alata Link & Otto appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1985 Sobral, M. [4341], Brazil K001073295
    Jan 1, 1964 Reitz, R. [13368], Brazil K001073298
    Brazil K000585287
    Lindeman, J.C. [2961], Brazil K001073299
    Dusén, P. [11886], Brazil K001073296
    Cope, T.A. [ RBG 582], Great Britain K000914632
    Brücher, H. [10301], Brazil K001073294
    Rambo, B. [42616], Brazil K001073300
    Reitz, R. [5530], Brazil K001073297
    Taylor, L. [52] 66901.000

    First published in Icon. Pl. Rar. 1: 63 (1830)

    Accepted by

    • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
    • Parslow, R. & Bennallick, I. (2017). The new flora of the Isles of Scilly: 1-539. Parslow Press.
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • Seregin, A.P. (2014). Flora of Vladimir Oblast, Russia: grid data analysis: 1-441. KMK schientific press, Moscow.
    • Verloove, F. & Heyneman, G. (2012). Merkwaardige plantencollecties van twee antropogene zaadbanken in Gent (Oost-Vlaanderen, België) Dumortiera 100: 19-24.
    • Kuo, M.L. (ed.) (2012). Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, Suppl.: 1-414. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition, National Taiwan University.
    • Edmonds, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa Solanaceae: 1-239.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Castroviejo, S. (ed.) in Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Iberica 11: 1-672. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
    • Majumder, S.C. & Chakrabarty, T. (2009). A census of the genus Nicotiana L. (Solanaceae) in India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 545-548.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Kress, W.J. et al. (2003). Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs, and Climbers of Myanmar: 1-590. National Museum of Natural History, Washington DC.
    • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
    • Parslow, R. & Bennallick, I. (2017). The new flora of the Isles of Scilly: 1-539. Parslow Press.
    • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • Seregin, A.P. (2014). Flora of Vladimir Oblast, Russia: grid data analysis: 1-441. KMK schientific press, Moscow.
    • Verloove, F. & Heyneman, G. (2012). Merkwaardige plantencollecties van twee antropogene zaadbanken in Gent (Oost-Vlaanderen, België) Dumortiera 100: 19-24.
    • Kuo, M.L. (ed.) (2012). Flora of Taiwan, ed. 2, Suppl.: 1-414. Editorial Committee of the Flora of Taiwan, Second Edition, National Taiwan University.
    • Edmonds, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa Solanaceae: 1-239.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Castroviejo, S. (ed.) in Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Iberica 11: 1-672. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
    • Majumder, S.C. & Chakrabarty, T. (2009). A census of the genus Nicotiana L. (Solanaceae) in India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 545-548.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Kress, W.J. et al. (2003). Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs, and Climbers of Myanmar: 1-590. National Museum of Natural History, Washington DC.
    • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
    • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.
    • Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R.C. in Backer, C.A. & Bakhuizen van den Brink, R. C. (1965). Flora of Java 2: 1-641. N.V.P. Noordhoff, Groningen, The Netherlands.
    • Vvedensky, A.I. (ed.) (1961). Flora Uzbekistana 5: 1-667. Izd-va Akademii nauk Uzbekskoi SSR, Tashkent.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Mansfeld, Encycl. Ag. & Hort. Crops 4: 1853 (2001).
    • Fl. Egypt 6: 148 (1998)
    • Japan Tobacco Inc., Nicotiana Illustrated: 86 & 270 (1994)
    • Chron. Bot. 16: 393–395 (1954)
    • DC., Prodr. 13(1): 567 (1852)
    • Don, Gen. Hist. Dichlam. Pl. 4: 467 (1837)
    • Ic. Pl. Rar. 1: 63, t. 32 (1828)

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/