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This species is accepted, and its native range is Bolivia to Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) and S. South America.
Nicotiana glauca Graham

[UPB]

The Useful Plants of Boyacá project

Distribution
Native from Colombia.
Conservation
Not Evaluated.
Ecology
Alt. 1450 - 2700 m.
Morphology General Habit
Shrub or tree.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 1450 - 2700 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Arbusto, arbolito
Conservation
No Evaluada

[FTEA]

Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2012

Type
Type: cultivated Edinburgh from seed collected in Buenos Aires, Argentina, Smith s.n. (E, holo., photo!) fide Goodspeed in Chron. Bot. 16: 335 (1954) & Purdie et al. in Fl. Australia 29: 57 (1982)
Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree up to 5(–10) m, quick-growing.
Morphology Stem
Stems woody, erect, often densely branched; all stems glabrescent and glaucous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves glaucous, lanceolate, ovate, ovate- lanceolate or elliptic, 3.2–10(–28) × 1.6–5(–18.5) cm, upper leaves often smaller, bases cuneate to cordate, margins entire to sinuate, apices acute, glabrescent; petioles 2.2–5.5(–12) cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences terminal lax panicles, bracteate; pedicels 4–8 mm long and erect in flower to recurved, 7–9 mm long in fruit when always recurved, glabrescent to sparsely pilose; bracts linearlanceolate, pilose
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx tubular, 8–13 × 3–7 mm, glabrescent externally with ciliate margins, lobes unequal, narrowly triangular, 1–3.5 × 1.1–2.5 mm, acute to acuminate, enlarging in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow to greenish-yellow, tubular below, ampliate beneath lobe lobes, 3–4 cm long and 6–9 mm diameter apically; tube 3–3.6 × ± 3 mm basally increasing to 6–8 mm apically below lobes, densely pilose/villous externally with spreading multicellular glandular- and eglandularheaded hairs, glabrous internally; lobes broadly triangular, 1.5–2.5 × 3.5–5 mm, acute, spreading after anthesis
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens unequal with fifth usually slightly shorter; filaments free for 2.1–2.3 cm, with shorter free for ± 1.6 cm; anthers green becoming brown, cordiform, 1.2–2 × 1.2–2 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary ovoid to conical, 2–3.5 × 1.7–3.5 mm; disc crenulate, 2–3.5 mm diameter; style 1.8–3.2 cm long; stigma green, 0.6–0.8 × 0.7–1.5 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules brown, ellipsoid or ovoid, 0.8–1.2 × 5–8 mm, glabrous, dehiscing by four glabrous smooth valves, subtended by accrescent glabrescent calyx
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ellipsoid, ovoid, cuboidal, rectangular, angular or discoid, 0.3–0.8(–1) × 0.3–0.5(–0.7) mm
Figures
Fig 3/11–13, p 22
Ecology
Escape from cultivation often found in dry rocky disturbed soils, on steep slopes, waste ground, river- and lake-banks and roadsides, occasionally in grassland, and associated with Crotalaria and Jasminum; 1600–1900 m
Conservation
Widespread; least concern (LC)
Note
Often known as the tree tobacco or mustard tree. The species is also grown as a medicinal plant for the production of anabasine, which is a starting material for insecticide (Mansfeld 2001); the leaves are said to be poisonous to cattle, sheep and horses.
Distribution
Flora districts: K3 K4 K6 Range: Native to South America, now naturalised in many tropical, subtropical and temperate regions

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 8, Part 4. Solanaceae. Gonçalves AE. 2005

Type
Type a plant cultivated in the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1827, raised from seed sent by Smith from Buenos Aires, Argentina; no specimen now known.
Morphology General
Virgate, rapidly growing, short-lived shrub or small tree, less often a herb, loosely few–much branched sometimes from the base, ± succulent, 2–6 m tall (elsewhere said to reach 10 m), mostly quite glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 5–10 mm long, slender, later markedly thickened distally, 11–14 mm long and incurved in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 8–13 × 3–5 mm, tubular, glabrous to shortly pubescent; teeth unequal to equal, 1. 5–4 × 0.8–3 mm, triangular or ovate-triangular, acute or acuminate, somewhat ciliate, the membrane between them lacking or nearly so; in fruit somewhat enlarged to 14 × 9 mm and enclosing it Calyx 8–13 × 3–5 mm, tubular, glabrous to shortly pubescent; teeth unequal to equal, 1.5–4 × 0.8–3 mm, triangular or ovate-triangular, acute or acuminate, somewhat ciliate, the membrane between them lacking or nearly so; in fruit somewhat enlarged to 14 × 9 mm and enclosing it.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla green, becoming yellowish or orangish, sometimes greenish at the apex of the lobes, (2.7)3–4(4.3) cm long, tubular-salviform; tube narrow to just above the calyx, then dilated and slightly broadened upwards, with a distinct swelling beneath the short limb, slightly constricted above and below the swelling, glabrous or minutely pubescent; limb 1. 5–4 mm long, (3)4–8(10) mm across, nearly circular to nearly pentagonal in outline; lobes 0.5–1. 2 × 2–3 mm, triangular-ovate, acute to rounded, erect to spreading Corolla green, becoming yellowish or orangish, sometimes greenish at the apex of the lobes, (2.7)3–4(4.3) cm long, tubular-salviform; tube narrow to just above the calyx, then dilated and slightly broadened upwards, with a distinct swelling beneath the short limb, slightly constricted above and below the swelling, glabrous or minutely pubescent; limb 1.5–4 mm long, (3)4–8(10) mm across, nearly circular to nearly pentagonal in outline; lobes 0.5–1.2 × 2–3 mm, triangular-ovate, acute to rounded, erect to spreading.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens subequal or unequal, glabrous, included or rarely exserted; filaments 2–2.5 cm long, attached at the same level at or near the dilation of the corolla tube, geniculate just above the insertion; anthers 1. 2–1. 7 × 1–1. 8 mm Stamens subequal or unequal, glabrous, included or rarely exserted; filaments 2–2.5 cm long, attached at the same level at or near the dilation of the corolla tube, geniculate just above the insertion; anthers 1.2–1.7 × 1–1.8 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk 0.5–0.6 mm high, thick, quite coalescent to adnate upwards to the basal part of the ovary, obsoletely lobed to almost truncate Disk 0.5–0.6 mm high, thick, quite coalescent to adnate upwards to the basal part of the ovary, obsoletely lobed to almost truncate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 2.2–3 × 2 mm, conical, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 3–3.5 cm long, straight
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit often pendulous, brownish, papyraceous or chartaceous, 8–12 × 5–8 mm, oblong-ellipsoid, glabrous, splitting above into 4 valves by septicidal and loculicidal slits Fruit often pendulous, brownish, papyraceous or chartaceous, 8–12 × 5–8 mm, oblong-ellipsoid, glabrous, splitting above into 4 valves by septicidal and loculicidal slits.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds brown or golden-brown, 0.5 × 0.3 mm, prismatic, laterally compressed, honeycombed-reticulate Seeds brown or golden-brown, 0.5 × 0.3 mm, prismatic, laterally compressed, honeycombed-reticulate.
Note
Chromosome number: 2n=24 Common name: “Tree Tobacco” or “Wild Tobacco”.
Ecology
Dry riparian vegetation, seasonal watercourses, waste and cultivated ground and other areas of disturbance particularly along roads, mine tips and near dunes; up to 1460 m .
Distribution
BOT SW, BOT SE, ZAM C, ZIM N, ZIM W, ZIM C, ZIM E, ZIM S, MOZ GI Native to Argentina and possibly Bolivia, now extending westwards to Chile and northwards throughout Central America and the Antilles to southern and western United States; widely distributed usually as a weed in warm and warm-temperate regions of both he Zimbabwe Zambia Botswana Mozambique
Morphology General Habit
Virgate, rapidly growing, short-lived shrub or small tree, less often a herb, loosely few–much branched sometimes from the base, ± succulent, 2–6 m tall (elsewhere said to reach 10 m), mostly quite glabrous.
Morphology Branches
Branches terete to angular, younger parts glaucous, greenish or blue-purplish, sometimes covered with a waxy bloom. Branches terete to angular, younger parts glaucous, greenish or blue-purplish, sometimes covered with a waxy bloom
Morphology Leaves
Leaves solitary, glaucous to ± green; petiole 1–8.5(12.5) cm long, ± slender, not winged; lamina thickish, rubbery to softly leathery, 2–14(29.5) × 1–7(19) cm, broadly lanceolate, ovate to elliptic, sometimes obovate or spathulate, base attenuate, cuneate to rounded, truncate or subcordate, equal-sided to unequal-sided, apex acute to obtuse or rounded, sometimes apiculate or acuminate, entire or somewhat repand, both surfaces smooth, sometimes covered with a whitish waxy bloom. Leaves solitary, glaucous to ± green; petiole 1–8.5(12.5) cm long, ± slender, not winged; lamina thickish, rubbery to softly leathery, 2–14(29.5) × 1–7(19) cm, broadly lanceolate, ovate to elliptic, sometimes obovate or spathulate, base attenuate, cuneate to rounded, truncate or subcordate, equal-sided to unequal-sided, apex acute to obtuse or rounded, sometimes apiculate or acuminate, entire or somewhat repand, both surfaces smooth, sometimes covered with a whitish waxy bloom
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers erect to ± pendulous, in broad, flat, loose, paniculiform inflorescences 6–15 cm long, at the ends of the branches and in the axils below; bracts and bracteoles small, subulate, ephemeral; pedicels 5–10 mm long, slender, later markedly thickened distally, 11–14 mm long and incurved in fruit. Flowers erect to ± pendulous, in broad, flat, loose, paniculiform inflorescences 6–15 cm long, at the ends of the branches and in the axils below; bracts and bracteoles small, subulate, ephemeral.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 2.2–3 × 2 mm, conical, glabrous; style 3–3.5 cm long, straight.
Cytology
Chromosome number: 2n=24.

[UPB]
Use Materials
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).
Use Materials Unspecified Materials Chemicals
Materials (State of the World's Plants 2016).

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Bolivia, Brazil South, Chile Central, Chile North, Paraguay, Uruguay

Introduced into:

Alabama, Algeria, Ascension, Bermuda, Botswana, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Central American Pac, Colombia, Corse, Cuba, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Free State, Greece, Guatemala, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Italy, Jamaica, Kenya, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Madeira, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, New Caledonia, New Mexico, New South Wales, Northern Provinces, Palestine, Peru, Portugal, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, South Australia, Spain, St.Helena, Sudan, Tunisia, Turkey, Venezuela, Victoria, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zimbabwe

Nicotiana glauca Graham appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jul 1, 1990 Agra, M.F. [1161], Brazil K001073270
Jul 13, 1984 Collares, J.E.R. [202], Brazil K001073280
Jun 26, 1983 Coradin, L. [6035], Brazil K001073283
Jan 1, 1982 Mori, S.A. [14220], Brazil K001073281
Jan 1, 1981 Staviski, M.N.R. [312], Brazil K001073269
Jan 1, 1966 Eiten, G. [4926], Brazil K001073272
Martínez O., E. [418], Mexico K000063506
Langlassé, E. [209], Mexico K000063507
Hinton, G.B. [5798], Mexico K000063508
Gentry, H.S. [1318], Mexico K000063509
Carter, A. [2119], Mexico K000063510
Hinton, G.B. [10060], Mexico K000063511
Hinton, G.B. [11982], Mexico K000063512
Buysman, M. [s.n.], Brazil K001073273
Harley, R.M. [16286], Brazil K001073275
Glaziou, A.F.M. [8473], Brazil K001073276
Pickersgill, B. [RU72-84], Brazil K001073277
Hinton, G.B. [12499], Mexico K000063513
Coradin, L. [6365], Brazil K001073282
Bourke-Borrowes, D. [9], Brazil K001073274
Bourgeau, M. [109], Mexico K000063504
Harley, R.M. [19178], Brazil K001073278
Pringle, C.G. [200], Mexico K000063503
Pinto, G.C.P. [192/83], Brazil K001073279
Wynd, F.L. [15], Mexico K000063505
Hinton, G.B., Mexico K000063514
Taylor, L. [29] 78262.000
Agra, M.F. [655], Brazil K001073271

First published in Edinburgh New Philos. J. 5: 175 (1828)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Bikandu, B., Lukoki, F. & Habari, J.P. (2020). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi) Solanaceae: 1-162. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Castroviejo, S. (ed.) in Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Iberica 11: 1-672. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1978). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 6: 1-825. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edmonds, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa Solanaceae: 1-239.
  • Fairhurst, W. (2004). Flowering Plants of Ascension island: 1-300. Higham Press, Shirland, Alfreton, England.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Garcillán, P.P. & al. (2013). Plantas no nativas naturalizadas de la península de Baja California, México Botanical Sciences 91: 461-475.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Flora Zambesiaca 8(4): 1-124. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Gutiérrez, J. & Solano, E. (2014). Afinidades florísticas y fitogeográficas de la vegetación del municipio de San José Iturbide, Guanajuato, México Acta Botanica Mexicana 107: 27-65. Instituto de Ecología A.C.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Majumder, S.C. & Chakrabarty, T. (2009). A census of the genus Nicotiana L. (Solanaceae) in India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 545-548.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Moran, R. (1996). The flora of Guadalupe island, Mexico Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences 19: 1-190.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Purdie, R.W., Symon, D.E. & Haegi, L. (1982). Flora of Australia 29: 1-208. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Scott, A.J. (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 128: 1-41. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1985). Flora du Rwanda 3: 1-729. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 2: 989-1918. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (1994). Flora of China 17: 1-378. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Useful Plants of Boyacá Project

  • Kew’s Economic Botany collection in The State of the World’s Plants Report–2016. (2016). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew https://stateoftheworldsplants.org/2016/

Flora Zambesiaca

  • A. de Candolle, Prodr. 13, 1: 562 (1852).
  • Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Fl., ed. 2: 245 (1994).
  • Chron. Bot. 16: 335, fig. 59 (1954).
  • Curtis, Bot. Mag. 55: t. 2837 (1828).
  • Edinburgh New Philos. J. 5: 175 (1828)
  • F.C. 4, 2: 120 (1904).
  • Fieldiana, Bot. 24, 10: 77, fig. 16 (1974).
  • Fl. Cabo Verde, fam. 71: 62, t. 9 (2002). TAB. 2.
  • M.D. Henderson & J.G. Anderson, Common Weeds S. Afr.: 270, fig. 134 (1966).
  • Marloth, Fl. S. Africa 3, 1: 118, t. 31 (1932).
  • Mem. Bot. Surv. S. Africa 26: 14 (1951).
  • Merxmüller, Prodr. Fl. SW. Afrika, fam. 124: 8 (1969).
  • Miller, Check-list For. Trees Shrubs Bech. Prot.: 53 (1948).
  • Palmer & Pitman, Trees South. Africa 3: 1977 (1973).
  • Ross, Fl. Natal: 309 (1972).
  • Vahrmeijer, Pois. Pl. South. Africa: 126, 127 cum fig. (1981).
  • Verdcourt & Trump, Common Pois. Pl. E. Africa: 172 (1969).
  • Watt & Breyer-Brandwijk, Med. & Pois. Pl. S. & E. Africa, ed. 2: 962, 985, 986 cum fig. 243 (1962).
  • Wild, Common Rhod. Weeds: fig. 85 (1955).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Bikandu, B., Lukoki, F. & Habari, J.P. (2020). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi) Solanaceae: 1-162. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Britton, N. (1918). Flora of Bermuda: 1-585. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.
  • Brown, L.C. (1982). The Flora and Fauna of St Helena: 1-88. Land Resources Development Centre, Surbiton, England.
  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Danin, A. (2004). Distribution Atlas of Plants in the Flora Palaestina area: 1-517. The Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Jerusalem.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1978). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 6: 1-825. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edmonds, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa Solanaceae: 1-239.
  • Fairhurst, W. (2004). Flowering Plants of Ascension island: 1-300. Higham Press, Shirland, Alfreton, England.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
  • Garcillán, P.P. & al. (2013). Plantas no nativas naturalizadas de la península de Baja California, México Botanical Sciences 91: 461-475.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14.: i-vi, 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Gonçalves, A.E. (2005). Flora Zambesiaca 8(4): 1-124. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Gutiérrez, J. & Solano, E. (2014). Afinidades florísticas y fitogeográficas de la vegetación del municipio de San José Iturbide, Guanajuato, México Acta Botanica Mexicana 107: 27-65. Instituto de Ecología A.C.
  • Hansen, A. & Sunding, P. (1993). Flora of Macaronesia. Checklist of vascular plants. 4. revised edition Sommerfeltia 17: 1-295.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Heine, H. (1976). Flore de la Nouvelle-Calédonie et Dépendances 7: 1-212. Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
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  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
  • Majumder, S.C. & Chakrabarty, T. (2009). A census of the genus Nicotiana L. (Solanaceae) in India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 33: 545-548.
  • Meikle, R.D. (1985). Flora of Cyprus 2: 833-1970. The Bentham-Moxon Trust Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Moran, R. (1996). The flora of Guadalupe island, Mexico Memoirs of the California Academy of Sciences 19: 1-190.
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Flora of Tropical East Africa

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  • DC., Prodr. 13(1): 562 (1852)
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  • F.Z. 8(4): 14 (2005)
  • Fl. Cap. 4(1): 120 (1904)
  • Fl. Egypt 6: 142 (1998)
  • Fl. Eth. 5: 106 (2006).
  • Japan Tobacco Inc., Nicotiana Illustrated: 2, 32, 264, 266 (1994)
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  • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda 3: 369 (1985)
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Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
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