1. Family: Solanaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Solandra Sw.
      1. Solandra maxima (Moc. & Sessé ex Dunal) P.S.Green

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Colombia.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 1300 - 2600 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Arbusto, arbolito, liana
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 8, Part 4. Solanaceae. Gonçalves AE. 2005

    Habit
    High-climbing, evergreen hemi-epiphyte, or cultivated as a scandent shrub, to 3 (or more, said to reach 7) m long, with softly wooded stems;
    Leaves
    Leaves acuminate, glabrous or with occasional hairs beneath on the veins;
    Flowers
    Flowers solitary or several in terminal clusters, which often bear conspicuous tubercles on the peduncles;
    Calyx
    Calyx tubular, often angled, sometimes inflated, sometimes fleshy, glabrous, persistent in fruit, splitting down a quarter to a third into 3–5 apiculate lobes;
    Corolla
    Corolla greenish-yellow to golden-yellow, becoming old-gold-yellow with age, bearing 5 or 10 wine-red or purplish lines within and 5 greenish ribs outside, mostly abruptly expanded into a large limb to 15 cm in diameter;
    Filaments
    Filaments geniculate at the point of insertion, glabrous;
    Anthers
    Anthers 10–13 mm long, the ovary immersed in the receptacle, seemingly inferior, distally meniscoid, depressed in the centre;
    Fruits
    Fruit c.  7 cm across, ovoid, smooth, shiny, leathery
    Note
    Common name: “bolsa de judas”.
    Distribution
    Mozambique Native to Mexico, Central and northern South America (Colombia and Venezuela), now cultivated as a garden ornamental. Zambia Zimbabwe

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá

    Introduced into:

    Canary Is., Cook Is., Ecuador, Fiji, Mauritius, Norfolk Is., Venezuela

    Solandra maxima (Moc. & Sessé ex Dunal) P.S.Green appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 21, 1988 Rosas R., M. [1380], Mexico K000063317
    Jan 1, 1987 Müller, F. [491], Mexico K000063316
    May 5, 1967 Brown, N.E. [s.n.] K000759483 Unknown type material
    May 5, 1967 Brown, N.E. [s.n.] K000759482 Unknown type material
    May 5, 1967 Hinton, G.B. [3016], Mexico K000063319
    May 5, 1967 Hartweg [500], Mexico K000195447 holotype
    May 5, 1967 Hartweg [500], Mexico K000195449 holotype
    May 5, 1967 Ghiesbreght, M., Mexico K000063321
    May 5, 1967 Bourgeau, M. [1746], Mexico K000063318
    7253.000
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000195448
    J.G.Q [s.n.] K001073105

    First published in Bot. Mag. 176: t. 506 (1967)

    Accepted by

    • Verloove, F. (2017). New xenophytes from the Canary islands (Gran Canaria and Tenerife; Spain) Acta Botanica Croatica 76: 120-131.
    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Ibarra-Manríquez, G. & al. (2015). Lianas of Mexico Botanical Sciences 93: 365-417.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Scott, A.J. (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 128: 1-41. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Smith, A.C. (1991). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 5: 1-626. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Verloove, F. (2017). New xenophytes from the Canary islands (Gran Canaria and Tenerife; Spain) Acta Botanica Croatica 76: 120-131.
    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.
    • Ibarra-Manríquez, G. & al. (2015). Lianas of Mexico Botanical Sciences 93: 365-417.
    • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
    • Scott, A.J. (2000). Flore des Mascareignes 128: 1-41. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Orchard, A.E. (ed.) (1994). Oceanic Islands 1 Flora of Australia 49: 1-681. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • Smith, A.C. (1991). Flora Vitiensis Nova. A new flora for Fiji (Spermatophytes only) 5: 1-626. Pacific Tropical Botanical Garden, Lawai.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0