1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Dombeya Cav.
      1. Dombeya buettneri K.Schum.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Sterculiaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A weedy shrub, or small tree, to 15 ft. high, with pithy branches
    Leaves
    Leaves with very long channelled petioles
    Flowers
    Flowers white, usually with red centre, about 1 in. across, turning yellow in drying.
    [FTEA]

    Sterculiaceae, Martin Cheek & Laurence Dorr; Nesogordonia, Laurence Dorr, Lisa Barnett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

    Type
    Type: Togo, Kentschenki stream, Buettner 347 (B†, syn., K!, lecto., chosen by Seyani, 1991)
    Habit
    Small tree or shrub 1.5–6(–9) m tall; stems terete or angled at nodes, densely pilose, tomentose, tomentellous or glabrescent, hairs simple, stellate and subsessile (rarely stalked) glandular
    Leaves
    Leaves suborbicular, obscurely to distinctly 3–5-lobed, 6–21(–24) cm long, (4–)6–24 cm wide, apex acute to rounded or emarginate, margin coarsely crenate-serrate, base shallowly to deeply cordate, upper surface softly pubescent or puberulous, lower surface densely pilose-pubescent or tomentose; petiole 2–18 cm long; stipules narrowly lanceolate to broadly ovate, 0.6–2 cm long, 0.2–1.1 cm wide, acuminate, persistent
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence axillary, 4–23(–27) cm long, corymbose, rarely subumbellate, dense or lax, many-flowered; peduncle 2–21 cm long, short or slender, pilose to tomentellous; bracts ovate-lanceolate, 0.6–1.2 cm long, 0.2–0.6 cm wide, acuminate, caducous; branches several, bracts as the peduncle-bracts, 0.5–0.9 cm long; pedicels 0.7–2.1 cm long; epicalyx bracts at base of calyx or inserted on pedicel, ovate, 0.6–1.6 cm long, 0.2–0.7 cm wide, acute to acuminate, caducous
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes reflexed or erect, lanceolate-acuminate, 0.6–1.4 cm long, 0.2–0.5 cm wide, pubescent outside.
    Corolla
    Petals white, sometimes with a red base, 0.9–1.9 cm long, 0.6–1.6 cm wide.
    Androecium
    Androecium 0.9–1.6 cm long; staminal tube 0.3–0.7 cm long, outer surface strongly convex; staminodes 0.5–1.1 cm long; largest stamen 0.4–0.6 cm long; anthers 0.2–0.4 cm long
    Ovary
    Ovary globose, tomentose; style 0.4–0.9 cm long, filiform or stout, pubescent or glabrous, 5-branched
    Fruits
    Capsule subglobose or ovoid, 0.7–0.9 cm diameter, appressed silky hairy; seeds 0.2–0.3 cm long, 0.1–0.3 cm wide, dark brown.
    Ecology
    Grassland, bushland, wooded grassland and open woodland or forest; 1100–1800(–2200) m
    Conservation
    A widespread and common species, here assessed as of Least Concern.
    Note
    The protologue of D. pedunculata K.Schum. mentions only the single specimen cited above; Seyani (1982) erroneously cites this and three other specimens as syntypes. One of these, Fries 1510, he designates as lectotype. Later Seyani (1991) redesignated Fries 1510 as a neotype. Since the selection of this specimen was based on an error, it is possible that a better choice is available.
    Distribution
    Flora districts: U1 U2 U4 T1 T4 Range: Guinea, Sierra Leone, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Nigeria, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan, Zambia
    [FZ]

    Sterculiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Shrub, often unbranched, up to 4 (6) m. tall; branches densely greyish-brown-tomentose.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 5–16 cm. in diam., broadly ovate to suborbicular, sub-entire or with 3 shallowly rounded lobes, apex often emarginate, margin crenate, base cordate, densely pubescent above, greyish-tomentose beneath, 7–9-nerved from the base with the nerves and veins prominent beneath; petiole up to 8 cm. long, tomentose; stipules up to 2 × 0·8 cm., somewhat foliaceous, ovate-lanceolate, falcate, acuminate at the apex, tomentose.
    Flowers
    Flowers white, in dense axillary corymbose cymes which are cincinnate in bud; peduncle up to 15 cm. long, tomentose; pedicels 1–2 cm. long, tomentose; bracts c. 1 × 0·6 cm., ovate-oblong to ovate, acuminate, tomentose.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes 1·0–1·5 × 0·4 cm., lanceolate-acuminate, tomentose outside.
    Corolla
    Petals c. the same length as the sepals, obliquely obovate.
    Androecium
    Stamens connate below for 2–5 mm.; staminodes 5–7 mm. long, linear, glabrous.
    Pistil
    Ovary ovoid, tomentose; loculi pubescent within; ovules 4–6 per loculus; style c. 4 mm. long, pubescent; stigmas 5, recurved.
    Fruits
    Capsule 0·75 cm. in diam., ovoid, tomentose.
    Seeds
    Seeds dark brown, c. 3 × 1·5 mm., ellipsoid; testa smooth or wrinkled, surface-cells elongated.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

    Dombeya buettneri K.Schum. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 1982 Buttner, R. [345] K000241016
    Aug 1, 1982 Buttner, R. [347], Togo K000241017
    Robyns [2297], Congo, DRC K000241012
    Robyns [2117], Congo, DRC K000241013
    Robyns, W. [2075], Congo, DRC K000241014
    Hargraves [2046], Uganda K000240990 Unknown type material
    Hargraves [2046], Uganda K000240991 Unknown type material

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 15: 133 (1892)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Cheek, M. & Dorr, L. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Sterculiaceae: 1-134.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Aubrév. Fl. For. Soud.-Guin. 163, t. 29, 3.
    • Engl. Monogr. Afr. Sterculiac. 27, t. 2 B
    • in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 15: 133 (1892)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Eth. 2, 2: 168 (1995).
    • Dombeya in Africa: 75 (1991)
    • Seyani, Dombeya: 96 (1982)
    • F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 1(2): 317 (1958)
    • E.M. 5: 27, t. 2 (1900)
    • E.J. 15: 133 (1892)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0