1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Dombeya Cav.
      1. Dombeya burgessiae Gerrard ex Harv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is South Sudan to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Sterculiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Bush or shrub 2–4 m. tall, branching low down; stems with a brown bark, densely villous when young with 1–3-fid stellate hairs or hispid with mainly simple hairs, longer hairs mixed with shorter glandular hairs; indumentum of petioles, peduncles and pedicels similar but denser than that of the stems.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina up to 18 × 18 cm., very broadly ovate-cordate, entire or crenate, unlobed or more usually 3–5-lobed with blunt or acuminate lobes, villous to sparsely pubescent on both surfaces, sometimes rather discolorous, 5–9-nerved at the base; petiole up to c. 12 cm. long; stipules 1–1·5 cm. long, lanceolate-acuminate to ovate-acuminate, pubescent or glabrescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers in many-flowered (rarely few-flowered) axillary corymbose cymes or more rarely in subumbellate cymes; peduncle ± equalling the petiole; pedicels up to 3 cm. long; bracts up to 1·2 cm. long, lanceolate-acuminate to broadly ovate, densely pubescent or villous.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes 1–2 × 0·3–0·5 cm., narrowly lanceolate-acuminate, densely pubescent to villous outside.
    Corolla
    Petals 1·5–2·7 × 1·5–2·4 cm., white with rose-pink guide-lines or rose-pink, asymmetrically obovate.
    Androecium
    Stamens connate below for c. 2 mm.; staminodes up to c. 1·4 cm. long, linear, glabrous.
    Pistil
    Ovary ovoid, villous; loculi pubescent within; normally 4 ovules per loculus; style 0·5–1·2 cm. long, pubescent, at least in the lower half; stigmas 5, recurved.
    Fruits
    Capsule c. 1 cm. in diam., ovoid, villous.
    Seeds
    Seeds 2·3 × 1·7 mm., dark brown, ellipsoid, up to 4 per loculus; testa minutely tessellated, with the surface-cells elongated.
    [FTEA]

    Sterculiaceae, Martin Cheek & Laurence Dorr; Nesogordonia, Laurence Dorr, Lisa Barnett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

    Type
    Types: South Africa, Zululand, McKen s.n. (TCD, syn.); Klip River, Natal, Gerrard s.n. (TCD, lecto., chosen by Seyani, 1988; K, isolecto.)
    Habit
    Small tree or shrub 2–4(–8) tall; stems terete, densely pubescent to glabrescent, hairs simple, stellate, and subsessile- and stalked-glandular
    Leaves
    Leaves suborbicular, distinctly 3lobed, rarely 5-lobed or entire, 11–23 cm long, 7–18 cm wide, apex acuminate, margin coarsely and irregularly crenate or dentate, base deeply cordate, upper surface densely pubescent with long-armed stellate hairs; petiole 7–15 cm long; stipules lanceolate to broadly ovate, 0.8–1.3 cm long, 0.3–0.6 cm wide, long-acuminate
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence axillary, 6–21 cm long, corymbose or ± umbellate, many-flowered, peduncle 3.8–16.5 cm long, sparsely to densely pubescent; bracts ovate, 1–1.2 cm long, acuminate, pubescent or glabrescent, caducous; branches absent or condensed, branch-bracts not seen; pedicels 2.2–3.8 cm long; epicalyx bracts at calyx base, rarely on the pedicel, elliptic, ovate, oblong, lanceolate or oblanceolate, 1–1.4 cm long, 0.2–0.5 cm wide, acute to long-acuminate, caducous
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes reflexed, lanceolate, 0.9–1.3 cm long, 0.2–0.8 cm wide, acute, pubescent outside
    Corolla
    Petals spreading, pink or white, with or without a red base or veins, 1.2–2.5 cm long, 1–2.5 cm wide
    Androecium
    Androecium 1.2 cm long; staminal tube 0.1–0.5 cm long, dilating towards apex or sides convex; staminodes 0.7–1.6 cm long; longest stamen 0.6–1 cm; anthers 0.2–0.5 cm long
    Ovary
    Ovary globose, ovoid, tomentose, style 0.5–1.6 cm long, pubescent or glabrous, 5-branched
    Fruits
    Capsule ovoid or globose, 0.5–1.5 cm in diameter, tomentose; seeds 0.3–0.4 × 0.2 cm, dark brown to black
    Figures
    Fig 11: 1–2, p 61
    Ecology
    Grassland, wooded grassland, riverine thicket and scrub, open forest and forest edges; (900–)1500–2000(–2400) m
    Conservation
    A widespread and common species, here assessed as of Least Concern.
    Distribution
    Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Swaziland, South Africa Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 U4 K2 K3 K4 K5 K6 T1 T2 T4 T5 T7 T8
    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 1500 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Árbol
    [FZ]

    Sterculiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Lax shrub c. 2–6 m. tall; young branches, petioles, peduncles, pedicels, stipules, bracteoles and outside of sepals with a mixture of stellate and simple glandular hairs; older branches glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 5·5–8·5 × 4–6·5 cm., very broadly ovate, often shallowly 3-lobed, apex acuminate, margin irregularly dentate, base deeply cordate, greenish-grey-tomentellous above, whitish-tomentellous below, veins reticulate and impressed above, nerves and veins prominent below; petiole up to 6·5 cm. long; stipules up to 1 cm. long, narrowly lanceolate-acuminate.
    Flowers
    Flowers in 2–3-flowered axillary umbelliform cymes; peduncle up to 7·5 cm. long; pedicels up to 2·5 cm. long; bracts up to 1 cm. long, linear-lanceolate, apex acuminate; buds c. 1·4 × 0·7 cm., narrowly ovoid, acuminate at the apex.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes up to 2 × 0·4 cm., narrowly lanceolate, apex subulate-acuminate, tomentellous outside, glabrous within.
    Corolla
    Petals c. 2·2 × 2·2 cm., deep pink, obliquely triangular-obovate.
    Androecium
    Stamens connate below for c. 2·5 mm.; staminodes c. 1·1 cm. long, linear-spathulate, glabrous.
    Pistil
    Ovary ovoid, tomentose; loculi pubescent within; ovules normally 4 per loculus; style c. 0·9 cm. long, densely stellate-pubescent in the lower half.
    Fruits
    Ripe capsule not seen.
    [FZ]

    Sterculiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Pink-flowered shrub c. 2 m. tall.
    Leaves
    Similar in general appearance to D. burgessiae and D. tanganyikensis, but differing from both in that the leaves are pale-grey- or whitish-tomentellous below (less densely greenish-grey-tomentellous above).
    Diagnostic
    Stems soon quite glabrous, as in D. tanganyikensis, but the pedicels much stouter than in that species (1–2 mm. in diam. rather than 0·5–0·75 mm. in diam.) and the inflorescences less strictly umbellate.
    [FZ]

    Sterculiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Bush up to 3 m. tall with pale brown, densely tomentose stems.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina up to 18 × 18 cm., very broadly cordate-ovate or orbicular, entire or shallowly 3–5-lobed, lobes acute, margin irregularly crenate, softly and shortly tomentose on both surfaces, somewhat paler or whitish and more densely so below, 5–7-nerved at the base; petiole up to 20 cm. long, densely tomentose; stipules up to 1·5 cm. long, densely pubescent, caudate-ovate.
    Flowers
    Flowers pink, in dense subumbellate cymes; peduncle up to 10 cm. long, brown-tomentose; pedicels c. 2 cm. long, densely pubescent; bracts c. 1 cm. long, oblong to ovate-oblong, acute, tomentellous.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes and petals as in D. burgessiae.
    Androecium
    Stamens united at the base for 2–3 mm.; staminodes c. 1·5 cm. long, linear, papillose-puberulous.
    Pistil
    Ovary globose, tomentose; loculi pubescent within; normally 4 ovules per loculus; style c. 1 cm. long, pubescent; stigmas 5, recurved, ± pubescent.
    Fruits
    Capsule c. 1 × 1·2 cm., tomentose, ovoid.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 3·5 × 1·5 mm., ellipsoid; testa shining brown, surface cells elongated.
    [FZ]

    Sterculiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Shrub 2–4 m. tall.
    Indumentum
    Very similar to D. johnstonii but indumentum on the under surface of the leaves not so pale and whitish, being less dense and coarser. Epidermis visible between the hairs on all but the young leaves (i.e. indumentum densely pilose rather than tomentose).
    Bracteoles
    Bracteoles lanceolate-acuminate rather than oblong to ovate-oblong and acute.
    [FZ]

    Sterculiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Shrub c. 4 m. tall with brown tomentose stems.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina up to 30 × 30 cm., very broadly ovate-cordate, 3–5-lobed with acuminate lobes, margin coarsely crenate, densely pubescent especially beneath, 7-nerved at the base; petiole up to 15 cm. long, tomentose; stipules up to 2 cm. long, linear to linear-lanceolate, pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers pink, in 10–20-flowered corymbose cymes; peduncle up to 20 cm. long, brown-tomentose; pedicels up to 3 cm. long, softly tomentose; bracts up to 2 × 0·8 cm., caducous, ovate-lanceolate, caudate-acuminate, densely pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes up to 2 × 0·6 cm., lanceolate, acute, densely pubescent outside.
    Corolla
    Petals c. 2 × 2 cm., asymmetrically obovate.
    Androecium
    Stamens united below for c. 4 mm.; staminodes c. 2 cm. long, linear-lanceolate.
    Pistil
    Ovary subglobose, tomentose; loculi densely hairy inside; 6–8 ovules per loculus; style c. 1 cm. long, densely pubescent below, less so above; stigmas revolute.
    Fruits
    Capsule c. 1·2 × 1 cm. oblong-ovoid, tomentose, with up to 8 seeds per loculus.
    Seeds
    Seeds c. 3·3 × 1·4 mm., dark brown, ellipsoid; testa as in D. burgessiae.
    [FZ]

    Sterculiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Spreading bush 2–5 m. tall, very similar to D. burgessiae but the stems and petioles quite glabrous except for a few short, scattered glandular hairs when young.
    Stipules
    Stipules ovate-acuminate and glabrous.
    Flowers
    Flowers in dense umbelliform cymes.
    Peduncles
    Peduncle and pedicels sparsely stellate-pubescent with glandular hairs intermingled.
    Bracts
    Bracts c. 0·8 × 0·3 cm., lanceolate-acuminate.
    Corolla
    Petals pink or white, c. 1·8 × 1·5 cm.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Trinidad-Tobago

    Dombeya burgessiae Gerrard ex Harv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 1982 Scott Elliot, G.F. [7475], Uganda K000240986 Unknown type material
    Aug 1, 1982 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000241100 Unknown type material
    Aug 1, 1982 Dawe, M.T. [10], Uganda K000240987 Unknown type material
    Aug 1, 1982 Dawe, M.T. [10], Uganda K000240988 Unknown type material
    Aug 1, 1982 K000241105 Unknown type material
    Aug 1, 1982 Kassner, T. [963], Kenya K000241120 Unknown type material
    Aug 1, 1982 Burtt, B. D. [6085], Malawi K000241099 Unknown type material
    Aug 1, 1982 Mason, M. N. [s.n.], Kenya K000241119
    Jul 1, 1981 Greenway [5527], Zambia K000241096 holotype
    Jul 1, 1981 Galpin, E.E. [804], South Africa K000241174 Unknown type material
    Jul 1, 1981 South Africa K000241276
    Jul 1, 1981 Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000241097 Unknown type material
    Jul 1, 1981 Whyte, A. [s.n.] K000241101
    Jul 1, 1981 Whyte, A. [142] K000241102
    Jul 1, 1981 Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000241103
    Jul 1, 1981 Whyte, A. [s.n.], Malawi K000241104 Unknown type material
    Jul 1, 1981 Rehmann, A. [7049], South Africa K000241273
    Jul 1, 1981 Gerrard, W. T. [16], South Africa K000241274
    Jul 1, 1981 Welw. [4734], Angola K000241094
    Jul 1, 1981 Burtt, B. D. [6154], Tanzania K000241118 Unknown type material
    Jul 1, 1981 Swynnerton, C. F. M. [196], Zimbabwe K000241095
    Jul 1, 1981 Leeuson, A. [s.n.] K000241098 Unknown type material
    Nelson, W. [531], South Africa K000241275
    Harris, T. [482], Malawi K000614560

    First published in W.H.Harvey & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Cap. 2: 590 (1862)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Shamso, E. & Hamdy, R. (2010). Melhania steudneri (Sterculiaceae) new record for Egypt, and a synopsis of the Sterculiaceae in Egypt Nordic Journal of Botany 28: 174-181.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cheek, M. & Dorr, L. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Sterculiaceae: 1-134.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots' Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • K.T.S.L. 163, map (1994).
    • Dombeya in Africa: 66 (1991)
    • Blundell, Wild Fl. E Africa: t. 52 (1987)
    • Seyani, Dombeya: 104 (1982)
    • F.C.B. 10: 246 (1963)
    • F.Z. 1: 522 (1961)
    • E.M. 5: 28 (1900)
    • Mast., F.T.A. 1: 228 (1868)
    • Fl. Capensis 2: 590 (1862)

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0