1. Family: Malvaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Dombeya Cav.
      1. Dombeya rotundifolia (Hochst.) Planch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Ethiopia to S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Sterculiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Shrub or small tree up to c. 8 m. tall; bark dark and rough; buds ferruginously tomentose; young branches thinly tomentose but soon glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 3–15 cm. in diam., leathery, broadly ovate to suborbicular, apex rounded or more rarely acute, margin irregularly dentate or subentire, base cordate and 5–7-nerved, scaberulous with minute appressed stellate hairs above, pale-tomentellous below, nerves prominent below, veins prominent and reticulate; petiole up to 8 cm. long but usually less, tomentellous; stipules c. 3 mm. long, very caducous, narrowly lanceolate-acuminate, pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers white or more rarely pink, in many-flowered axillary panicles, often appearing before the leaves; peduncle often very short, up to c. 3 cm. long, slender, floccose-tomentellous; pedicels up to c. 1·5 cm. long, with a similar indumentum; bracts 2–A mm. long, very caducous, linear-lanceolate, tomentose.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes c. 7 × 2·5 mm., lanceolate-acuminate, tomentellous or densely pubescent outside.
    Corolla
    Petals c. 1 × 0·7 cm., very obliquely triangular-obovate.
    Androecium
    Stamens joined below in a very short tube 0·5–1 mm. long; staminodes 6–9 mm. long, filamentous to linear-lanceolate, glabrous.
    Pistil
    Ovary depressed-globose, tomentose; loculi glabrous within; ovules 2 or rarely 3 per loculus; style c. 2 mm. long, sparsely pilose, at least near the base; stigmas 3 or rarely 5, c. 1·5 mm. long, spreading or recurved.
    Fruits
    Capsule c. 6 mm. in diam., globose, tomentose.
    Seeds
    Seeds brown, c. 3 × 2·5 mm., trigonous; testa slightly wrinkled.
    [FTEA]

    Sterculiaceae, Martin Cheek & Laurence Dorr; Nesogordonia, Laurence Dorr, Lisa Barnett. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2007

    Type
    Type: South Africa, Natal, Krauss 252 (W, holo.?; K, BM, RD, OXF, iso.)
    Habit
    Tree to 12 m tall; stems terete or grooved, tomentose to glabrous, hairs simple, stellate and subsessile-glandular; older stems purple-brown
    Leaves
    Leaves suborbicular, rarely slightly lobed, 8–21 cm long, 8.5–24 cm wide, apex rounded, rarely acute, base cordate, margin deeply and irregularly dentate; upper surface scabridulous, below tomentellous; petiole 2.5–9 cm long; stipules narrowly lanceolate, 0.2–0.4 cm long, ± 0.1 cm wide, acuminate, pubescent, caducous
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence resembling that of D kirkii – borne on short specialised shoots, in fascicles of 2–5 in axils of scale-like leaves, each 5–12 cm long, many-flowered, with branches bearing clustered or single flowers; peduncle up to 6 cm long, tomentose; bracts and bracteoles not seen; pedicels 0.6–1.6 cm long; epicalyx bracts inserted at calyx base or pedicel, narrowly elliptic to ligulate, 0.2–0.5 cm long
    Calyx
    Calyx lobes reflexed, lanceolate, 0.5–0.7 cm long, 0.1–0.3 cm wide, acuminate, tomentose
    Corolla
    Petals usually spreading, white or pale pink, 0.8–1.4 cm long, 0.5–0.9 cm wide
    Androecium
    Androecium 0.6–1 cm long; staminal tube dilating towards apex, 0.05–0.1 cm long; staminodes 0.6–0.9 cm long, longest stamen 0.4–0.7 cm, anthers 0.1–0.2 cm long
    Ovary
    Ovary globose, tomentose, style 0.3–0.5 cm long, pilose to glabrous, 3-branched, capsule oblate, 0.5–0.6 cm diameter, setose with a mixture of simple and stellate hairs; seeds ± 0.3 cm long, 0.2 cm wide, light brown
    Figures
    Fig 11: 7–8, p 61
    Ecology
    Forest edge, woodland, wooded grassland; 1000–2400 m
    Conservation
    A widespread and common taxon, here assessed as of Least Concern. NOTES. Listed in the Mkomazi checklist ( T 3), but specimen not seen by me.
    Distribution
    Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Rwanda, Burundi, Ethiopia, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, Swaziland and South Africa Flora districts: U1 U2 U3 K1 K2 K3 K4 6; T1 T2 T4 T7
    [FZ]

    Sterculiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

    Habit
    Small tree up to 4 (10) m. tall; branches stiff and rather thick, pubescent or glabrescent (buds ferruginously tomentose), often furrowed.
    Leaves
    Leaf-lamina 12 × 10–11 cm., broadly ovate to suborbicular, entire or very shallowly 3-lobed, apex acute, rarely acuminate, margin remotely denticulate, base cordate and c. 7-nerved, thinly stellate-pubescent above, more densely so below; petiole 7–8 cm. long, thinly stellate-pubescent; stipules caducous (not seen).
    Flowers
    Flowers white, in sub-umbellate panicles collected towards the ends of the stems, appearing before the leaves; peduncle up to 10 cm. long, sparsely puberulous or glabrous; pedicels up to 1·2 cm. long, slender, sparsely puberulous; bracts very caducous, c. 2 mm. long, linear, stellately tomentose.
    Calyx
    Calyx-lobes reddish tinged, 6 mm. long, lanceolate, apex acute to acuminate, glabrous on both sides.
    Corolla
    Petals 7–9 × 4–5 mm., very obliquely cuneate.
    Androecium
    Stamens usually 10, 4–5 mm. long, united below for c. 1 mm., arranged in pairs between the linear 8 mm. long staminodes.
    Pistil
    Ovary globose, stellately pilose or tomentose; ovules 2–3 per loculus; style c. 2·5 mm. long, glabrous; stigmas 3, recurved.
    Fruits
    Mature capsule not seen.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Ethiopia, Free State, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Dombeya rotundifolia (Hochst.) Planch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 1, 1982 Gossweiler, J. [1442], Angola K000241081
    Aug 1, 1982 Gossweiler, J. [1443], Angola K000241084
    Aug 1, 1982 Welwitsch [4727], Angola K000241083
    Aug 1, 1982 Welw. [4735], Angola K000241080
    Aug 1, 1982 Quarre, P. [628] K000241009
    Aug 1, 1982 Thomas, R. [957] K000241010
    Aug 1, 1982 Delevoy [173], Ethiopia K000241011
    Jul 1, 1981 Zeyher [141], South Africa K000241263 Unknown type material
    Jul 1, 1981 Zeyher [153], South Africa K000241266 Unknown type material
    Jul 1, 1981 Burke [155], South Africa K000241264
    Jul 1, 1981 Burke [s.n.], South Africa K000241265 Unknown type material
    Jul 1, 1981 Krauss [252], South Africa K000241259 Unknown type material
    Jul 1, 1981 Cooper, T. [2012], South Africa K000241258
    Jul 1, 1981 Gerrard, W. T. [238], South Africa K000241256
    Jul 1, 1981 Wood, J. M. [154], South Africa K000241260
    Jul 1, 1981 Gueinzius [s.n.], South Africa K000241257 Unknown type material
    Jul 1, 1981 Lindney [s.n.], South Africa K000241261
    Welwitsch [4728], Angola K000241082
    Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000614711

    First published in Fl. Serres Jard. Eur. 6: 225 (1851)

    Accepted by

    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Kalema, J. & Beentje, H. (2012). Conservation checklist of the trees of Uganda: 1-235. Kew Publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Mannheimer, C.A. & Curtis, B.A. (eds.) (2009). Le Roux and Müller's field guide to the trees and shrubs of Namibia, rev. ed.: 1-525. Macmillan Education Namibia, Windhoek.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Cheek, M. & Dorr, L. (2007). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Sterculiaceae: 1-134.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1995). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(2): 1-456. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Fl. Eth. 2, 2: 170 (1995).
    • K.T.S.L.: 164, map (1994)
    • Dombeya in Africa: 96 (1991)
    • Seyani, Dombeya: 173 (1982)
    • T.T.C.L. 598 (1969)
    • F.C.B. 10: 248 (1963)
    • F.Z. 1: 525, t. 98 (1961)
    • I.T.U.: 146 (1951)
    • E.M. 5: 35 (1900)
    • Fl. Serres 6: 225 (1851)

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0