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  1. Family: Thymelaeaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Peddiea Harv.
      1. Peddiea africana Harv.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FZ]

    Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 9, Part 3. Polygonaceae-Myriaceae. Pope GV, Polhill RM, Martins ES. 2006.

    Type
    Type from South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal).
    Habit
    Much branched shrub or tree to 7(10) m in height Much branched shrub or tree to 7(10) m in height.
    Flowers
    Flowers light green or greenish-yellow, sometimes tinged with brown; pedicel 3–12(16) mm long, glabrous Flowers light green or greenish-yellow, sometimes tinged with brown; pedicel 3–12(16) mm long, glabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx tube 10–15(20) mm long, abrupt or rounded at base, strongly ribbed especially towards the base, glabrous; lobes 2.5–4 × 1.5–2 mm, ovate, sometimes ciliate at apex, revolute Calyx tube 10–15(20) mm long, abrupt or rounded at base, strongly ribbed especially towards the base, glabrous; lobes 2.5–4 × 1.5–2 mm, ovate, sometimes ciliate at apex, revolute.
    Stamens
    Stamens included; anthers c. 1 mm long Stamens included; anthers c. 1 mm long.
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous, 2–3 mm long; disk c. 1 mm long, glabrous; style c. 2 mm long
    Fruits
    Fruit 10–14 × 7–10 mm, reddish or black, glabrous. Fruit 10–14 × 7–10 mm, reddish or black, glabrous.
    Ecology
    Occurring in coastal scrub, evergreen forest, riverine forest and in montane zone; sea level–2000 m.
    Note
    The bark of P. africana is used for making cord fibre, hence the common name Cord Tree. A skin irritant substance found in P. africana and P. fischeri is reported by Adolf et al. in Phytochemistry 24: 2047 (1985).
    Distribution
    Also in South Africa (Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal) and Swaziland. Mozambique ZIM E, MOZ MS, MOZ GI, MOZ M Zimbabwe
    Bark
    Bark grey to brown, smooth. Bark grey to brown, smooth
    Leaves
    Leaves petiolate or subsessile; lamina (25)50–90(125) × (10)20–30(50) mm, elliptic, lanceolate to oblanceolate, gradually tapering to base, acute to obtuse at apex, coriaceous, deep green. Leaves petiolate or subsessile; lamina (25)50–90(125) × (10)20–30(50) mm, elliptic, lanceolate to oblanceolate, gradually tapering to base, acute to obtuse at apex, coriaceous, deep green
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescence (3)5–10(20)-flowered; peduncle (5)10–40(50) mm long. Inflorescence (3)5–10(20)-flowered; peduncle (5)10–40(50) mm long
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous, 2–3 mm long; disk c. 1 mm long, glabrous; style c. 2 mm long.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Cape Provinces, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Peddiea africana Harv. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 1, 2004 Lane, P. [129], Cameroon K000027124
    Jun 1, 2003 Letouzey, R. [14098], Cameroon K000180360
    Jun 1, 2003 Letouzey, R. [14059], Cameroon K000180362
    Jun 1, 2003 Cable, S. [3771], Cameroon K000180365
    Jun 1, 2003 Cable, S. [2845], Cameroon K000180371
    Jun 1, 2003 Cable, S. [3460], Cameroon K000180372
    Jun 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [4150], Cameroon K000180366
    Jun 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [2178], Cameroon K000180368
    Jun 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [1661], Cameroon K000180369
    Jun 1, 2003 Sidwell, K. [442], Cameroon K000180373
    Jun 1, 2003 Ryan, P. [371], Cameroon K000180367
    Jun 1, 2003 Ryan, P. [227], Cameroon K000180370
    Jun 1, 2003 Ujor, E.U. [30390], Cameroon K000180361
    Harvey, KwaZulu-Natal K000322508 Unknown type material
    Plant [14], KwaZulu-Natal K000322507 Unknown type material
    Annott, South Africa K000322509
    Patel, H. [7204], Mozambique K000545165
    Patel, H. [7226], Mozambique K000545187
    Patel, H. [7251], Mozambique K000545212
    Patel, H. [7270], Mozambique K000545228
    Patel, H. [7295], Mozambique K000545245

    Bibliography

    First published in J. Bot. (Hooker) 2: 266 (1840)

    Accepted by

    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Literature

    Flora Zambesiaca

    • M. Coates Palgrave, Trees Sthn. Africa: 775, fig. 210 (2002) pro parte. TAB. 19.
    • K. Coates Palgrave, Trees Sthn. Africa, ed. 3, rev.: 646, fig. 210 (1988) pro parte.
    • Palmer & Pitman, Trees Sthn. Africa 3: 1580, fig. (1972).
    • Chapman & White, Evergr. For. Malawi: 136, 142 (1970).
    • Bot. Not. 111: 623 (1958).
    • Wild, S. Rhod. Bot. Dict.: 111 (1953).
    • Bot. Mag. 163: t. 9627 (1941).
    • Burtt Davy, Fl. Pl. Ferns Transvaal, part 1: 26, 204 (1926).
    • Sim, For. Fl. Col. Cape Good Hope: 301, t. 153 fig. 2 (1907).
    • J. Bot. 2: 266, t. 10 (1840).

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.M. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2006). Flora Zambesiaca 9(3): 1-277. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0